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pibnft naDmf p<tiy naDmf

pakmf 5

27. ;ybfAkyi[f `[fA[yi[f `bfp<tpf pAdpfp<kqf

MtfT k[davilf kalf `F AvtfT na[fK matgfkqf ~kividfd[. `emrikfkav<kfK `DtftpF etazilf Ndfp M[fE[bfbgfkAqtf ti[cri vazfkfAkyilf p<Ktftpfpdfd ecybfAk myma[ vazfkfAk k[davilf '[fB eca[f[alf `T miAkyakaT. kapikfKcf EcrftfTkf ekaqfQmf palf Avkfkpf pdfFRkfKmf epadfdlitftiliRnfT, klrf TV, AM-FM sfGriEya, u]v<pf epaRdfkAq Avkfkkf Kqirf cat[pf epdfF, ovfevarf vIdffFEly<mf o[fB, ;r]fD karfkqf, Kqirf kaltftilf uxf]pfpDtftpfpdfd vIDkqf, EkaAd kaltftilf Kqirf ecyfypfpdfd vIDkqf, 'gfK parftftaLmf etaAlEpcikqf, T]ikAqtf TAvkfkcf cat[gfkqf mbfBmf MtfTv<kfKtf etriyat plfEvB cat[gfkqf '[fB ;nftpf pdfFylf nIqmakpf Epayfkfeka]fEd ;RkfKmf.

k[davilf vIDkqf epRmfpaLmf mrtftalf kdfdpfpdfdAv. ~[alf KqiriliRnfTtf tgfkAqkf kapfpabfbikf ekaqfq vIDkqi[f `Ampfp<mf Kqirfnft kabfAb uqfEq p<kvidamlf tvirfpfpT 'pfpF '[fptiElEy kv[mf ecLtftpfpdfFRkfkibT. `Tv<mf pbfbamlf tAryilf `Ztftma[ nirnftrma[ kmfpqgfkAq CvbfBkfKcf Cvrf (wall to wall carpets) prv<mfpF EpadfD YMFviDki$rfkqf.

CRgfkcf eca[f[alf ;ybfAkya[ kabfE$dfd vctikEqaD vIDkqf kdfdpfpdvilfAl. ecybfAkcf cat[gfkqf YYYMlmf kabfB Mtlf :, 'Bmfp<, plfli MtliyAv vAr `nft vIDkqilf uqfEq NAzvT kF[mf.

'[f[ ta[f etazilf Ndfpgfkqf YMlmf Ckmak vctikAq "bfpDtftikf eka]fD ecybfAkyak vazfnftaLmf, `gfg[mf vaz '[f[ kar]gfkqf ;RnftaLmf, ;ybfAkEyaD o[ffbi vaztfta[f m[it[f `nftrgfktftilf viRmfp<va[f. ;At n[fK]rfnft k[da nadfD mkfkqf oR ~]fDkfK 5 matgfkqf Kqirilf uqfEq `AdnfTkf eka]fFRnft ecybfAk vazfkfAkyi[i[fB evqiEybi ;ybfAkEyaD o[fbi vaz viRmfp<vtilf ~cfcriymilfAl.

;nft EnakfktfAt niAbEvbfb k[da nadfD mtftiy `rC, nadfF[f pl pKtikqilf N\bfBkf k]kfka[ "kfkrfkqf prpfp<qfq mAl, pqfqtftakfK, kaDkqf ~kiyvbfAb oTkfki AvtftiRkfkibarfkqf. `gfKqfq ecF, ekaF, mrgfkqf, miRkgfkqf, ~Bkqf, "rikqf 'lflavbfAby<mf, m[it{kfEk uriy EpraAcyalf `zikfka v]f]mf, ;ybfAkyilf ;Rnft vaEb kapfpabfbi vRki$rfkqf. EkaAd matgfkqf ~rmfpma[Tmf, Kqirilf vIdfFlf `AdpdfDkf eka]fFRnft `A[vRmf Etciy v[gfkQkfKpf plflayirkf k]kfkilf vnfT, cil nadfkqf tgfki, ;ybfAk `[fA[yi[f pAdpfp<kAq `{pvitfTpf Epaki[fbarfkqf. KDmfptftilf uqfq `A[vRmf epriEyarf Mtlf ciBvrfkqf vAr EcrfnfT `{pvikfkf PFyT ;nft ;ybfAkyi[f v[pfp< o[fAbtf ta[f.

evqi nadfdaArpf pbfbi mbfBemaR tvba[ ']f]mf nmf nadfFlf ;RnfT vRkibT. ;gfK vazfpvrfkqf 'lfElaRmf _nfT ndfctftir Ehadfdlfkqilf ta[f tgfk viRmfp<kibarfkqf '[fpT. pib naDkqilf pirya]mf ecyfy<mf EpaT CkatartfAt odfF `pfpFtf tgfk `vrfkqf viRmfplamf. ~[alf ;nft matiri ;dgfkQkfK vRmfEpaT p]kfkarrfkqf mdfDEm epriy Ehadfdlfkqilf tgfKvarfkqf. mbfbvrfkq, Mkfkiymak MtfTAvpf Epa[fb ma]vrfkqf t[iyak vnftalf Pdartftilf tgfki ;ybfAkyilf o[fbi vazEv viRmfp<varfkqf. EkaAdkaltftiLmf ;rvilf Kqirak ;RkfKmatlalf sleeping bags '[fb ApkQkfKqf p<KnfT eka]fD ubgfKvtilf oR tiRpfti.

kadfFlf 'EtcfAcyaktf tiriy<mf krFkqf, vitvitma[ ma[f ;[gfkqf, Kqfq nrikqf, pbAvkqf, "rikqilf Tqfqfikf KtikfKmf mI[fkqf, kAr p<r]fD t]f]Irf ODmf ~Bkqf ;AvkAqkf k]fD myirf Pcfclf `AdyatvrfkEq kiAdyaT '[fB ecalfllamf. evqi naDkqliRnfTmf ulflacpf pirya]ikqf k[dav<kfK vRvtalf `nfnadfF{Ady epaRqatarMmf epRKkibT. uqfYYQriLmf EvAl vayfpfp< `tikrikfkibT. Alberta maniltftilf uqfq Banff, Jasper ;r]fDmf ;nft matiri paTkfkakfkpf pdfd Etciy v[gfkqf ~Kmf.

;gfK MtfTv<kfK emaziAypf pbfbiy pircfcA[ o[fB 'ZnftT. ta[f parftft `RAmya[ kadfcikAqkf k]f]mfmav<kfKtf tmizilf 'ZTmfEpaT EmbfKbipfpidfd Banff, Jasper '[fb epyrfkAq 'pfpF 'ZTvT? ~gfkiltftilf ' F ' '[fb 'ZtfAt ' #' '[fB tmizilf 'ZTvT pzkfkmaki vidfdT. ~[alfBanff '[fB UArkf 'ZTmf EpaT `At 'Ep[f#' `lflT ' pa[f#pf ' '[fB 'pfpF 'Zti[aLmf ucfcripfp< criyak ;RkfkaT. `At ' Ep ' '[fBmf ' pa ' '[fBmf ~rmfpitfT 'Zti[alf `Tv<mf criylfl. ' ~ ' '[fb cpfttfTkfKmf ' " ' '[fb olikfKmf nDEv uqfq oR t[iftf t[fAm vayfnft ' " ' kar oli ! ~D baa.. '[fB ktfTvT Epal!

`EtEpaltf ta[f Ejsfprf, jasfprf '[fb varftfAtkqi[f ucfcripfp<mf. 'pfpF ;Rkfki[fbIrfkqf '[fB tmizilf Ekdfdalf Pd ~gfkiltftilf ptilf `qipfpAtEy viRmfp<mf ;nft nadfkqilf ;T Epa[fb oli cmfpnftma[ 'ZtfT mabfbgfkAqtf tmizf emaziyilf criyakkf Pb Ev]fFy MybfcikAqtf tmizf vlfLnrfkqf Embfeka]fdalf emazi vqrfcfcikfK uBTA]yak ;RkfKmf.

epaT vazfkfAkyiLmf, viwfwa[, mRtfTvtf TAbkqiLmf p<Tpfp<Tcf ecabfkAq mikfk cirmtfTd[f uRvakfKvAtpfEpalf, tmizf 'ZtfTkfkqi[f ucfcripfAp ~rayfnfT `vbfAb `A[vRmf oRgfEk kAdpfpiFkfk `biwrfkqf ecylfpdfdalf emazi vqrfcfcikfK oR eta]fdak ;RkfKmf '[fB MtfT kRti[a[f.

emazi epyrfkfk ovfvat tmizfpf epyrfkAq (Urfkqf epyrf, m[itrfkqf epyrf Mtliy[) ~gfkiltftilf 'ZTmfEpaT `T pib emazi mabfbmf (transliteration) '[pfpDmf. ;tftAky ecabfkAq 'ZTmf EpaT "bfpDmf OAc mabfbgfkAqkf KbitfT yaRmf kvAlpf pDvtaktf etriyvilfAl. utar]mak, ram[f '[fb ecalfAl ~gfkiltftilf 'raman' '[fB 'ZTkiEbamf. tmizf etriyatvrfkqf `At ucfcrikfKmf EpaT rma[f '[fEba rm[f '[fEba ucfcrikfkkf PDmf. tmiEz etriyatvrfkQmf, tmiAz oR `qv< kbfbvrfkQmf, Tamil Nadu '[fb ;r]fD ecabfkAqy<mf 'dmilf nD' '[fB ucfcritftalf 'vfvqv< vinfAtyak ;RkfKmf;nft ;lkfkiy cmfpnftma[ vivatgfkAqtf Etrfcfci epbfb `biwrfkqidmf vidfD vidfD EmEl eclfLEvamf.

 

28. rakfki mAltf etadrf (Rocky Mountains)

k[davi[f EmbfEk ;RpfpT British Columbia '[fb manilmf. `At `DtfTkf kizkfEk ;RpfpT Alberta manilmf. ;nft ;r]fD manilgfkQkfKmf ;AdEy vdkfK, etbfkak viyapitftiRpfpT rmfmiyma[ rakfki mAltf etadrf ( Rocky Mountains). ;nft mAltf etadrf etbfEk `emrikfk manilma[ `riEca[a vAr Cmarf 2000 AmlfkQkfK Emlf etadrfkibT. Calgary-_ vidfD 20 Amlf vRvtbfKqf rakfki mAlkqf ~rmfpitfT viDki[fb[. Banff vRvtbfKqfEqEy 8000-10000 `F uyrfnft mAlcf cikrgfkqf m[Atkf kvRmf v]f]mf ecgfKtftak nibfki[fb[. ;nft mAlkQkfK ;AdEy uqfq pqfqtftakfkilf ;nft ;dgfkAq Mtlilf k]f}bfb Banff '[fb _Erapfpiyrf epyralf ;nft URkfKpf `pfepyrf ;dpfpdfdT.

pqfqtftakfkilf mAlkqiliRnfTmf, `DtfTqfq uAbnfT kidkfKmf p[ikf kdfFkqiliRnfTmf (glaciers) vziy<<mf t]f]Irf Bow '[fb ntiyak uRevDtfT, pamfp< Epalf vAqnfT vAqnfT ODkibT. `nft ntiyi[f t]f]Irf pl v]f]gfkqf klnft nIl nibmf. Rocky Mountains '[fb epyralf KbipfpdfdpF `Av kbfpaAbya[ uyrma[ mAlkqf. `nft mAlkqi[f carlilf pcfec[fB viqgfKmf pl vAk mrkf kaDkqf. ovfevaR mrMmf 100 `FkfK Emlf uyrmf. mrgfkqi[f `Fkqi[f Cbfbqv<mf `tikmf. mrgfkqi[f nDEv ~gfkagffEk viZmf pcfAcy<mf nIlMmf klnft t]f]Irf `Rvikqf. mAl ucfciyilf uAbnfT kidkfKmf nirnftrma[ uAbnft p[ikf kdfFkqf. kIEz ;bgfkiy t]f]irff ciB ciB "rikqilf Etgfki ;RpfpT parfpfptbfEk oYR `zK. `nftpf pl v]f] "ritf t]f]Irilf pirtiplikfKmf uyr mrgfkqi[f v[pfp< p<Akpfpdmf 'DpfpvrfkQkfK oR nlfl viRnfT.

;nft vitma[ ;ybfAkcf VzfniAlyilf Ctnftirmaktf Tqfqikf KtitfT viAqyaDmf pl ma[f Pdfdgfkqf. cil cmygfkqilf tbfecylak mrgfkqi[f nDvilf mAbnfT tAlAy ~dfFkf eka]fD Emy<mf krFkqf. `REk tayfkf krFkAqtf etadrfnfT vRmf KdfFkqf. ;vbfAb 'lflamf Enrilf parfkfkatvrfkQkfK ;nft `zAkcf citftripfptbfKtf tKnft v[fAm MtfTv<kfKkf kiAdyaT. epa[f[i ntiyi[f epabfpgfkAqpf pdmf piFtfTkf kadfF plflayirkf k]kfka[ mkfkAqpf prvcpf pDtftiy klfki `vrfkqf ;vbfAbpf parftftiRnftalf ...! kAlkAqy<mf, ;ybfAkAyy<mf vivrikfk MFyaT. `{pvikfktfta[f MFy<mf. ;At 'lflamf k]fD vayAdtfTpf Epa[ MtfTvi[f uqfqtftilf 'nft vitma[ u]rfcfcikqf Eta[fbi[ '[fB EnyrfkQkfK 'DtfTcf ecalfltf EtAvyilfAl. Pd ;RnfT ;nft matiri m[Tkfki[iy kadfcikAqkf ka] k]f]mfma `Rkilf ;lfAlEy '[fb oEr KAb ta[f. k]f]mfma vnftv<d[f cnftrfpfpmf kiAdtftv<d[f Mtbfkariymak '[f[ parfkfk Ev]fDmf '[fB MFv< ecyfy MtfTv<kfK `tik Enrmf piFkfk vilfAl.

;nft mAlpfpKtiyilf Banff nkrtfAt niBviytbfK ;[fe[aR kar]Mmf u]fD. `dfla]fFkf mka cMtftitfAtkf kdnfT k[davi[f kizkfKpf pKtiyilf KFEybiy ~gfkiElyrfkqf, pIvrf (beaver), krF Mtliy miRkgfkAq EvdfAdyaFpf piFtfT `Avkqi[f uEramgfkqiliRnfT EmEl tritfTkf ekaqfq `gfkikAqtf tyarf ecyfT `vbfAb `vrfkQkfK M[f KFEybiy civpfp< ;nftiyrfkQkfKmf, 'sfkiEmakfkQkfKmf vibfB vnftarfkqf. viyaparmf VD piFkfkEv Hudson Bay Company '[fb v]ikkf kmfep[iAy niBvi[arfkqf. kizkfK Mtlf EmbfK vAr ;nftkf kmfep[iyi[f kiAqkqf pl ;dgfkqilf niBvpfpdfd[. `vbfBqf o[fB ta[f Banff nkrkf kiAq.

Dr. A. kaAr OdfFkf eka]fEd 'lflavbfAby<mf MtfTv<kfK viqkfkmf ecyfT eka]fD Epa[arf. nkRkfKqfEq vnftTmf etbfEk knftkmAl etrinftT. `]f]anfT parfkfKmf uyrtfTkfK ni[fB eka]fFRnftT. cikrtfAt viArviflf ec[fbAdy ta[iygfki vak[gfkqf (Gondola- chair lifts) raadfcs ;Rmfp<kf kyBkqalf mAl `FvartftiliRnfT ecgfKtftak ucfcikfK cil nimid Enrtftilf EpayfviDkib[. mAl ucfciyiliRnfT parftftalf kIEz k]f ekaqfqa kadfcikqf. tAryilf karilf EpaKmfEpaT parftft ovfevaR ;dMmf citftirtftilf vArnft matiri ;RnftT. `kfkmfpkfktftiLqfq p[i niAbnft mAlcf cikrgfkAq `mfp<kf Kbikqf EpadfD, epyrf, uyrmf MtliyAvkAq 'ZtiyiRnftarfkqf. EpatattbfK 25 cents (quarter) na]ytfAtpf Epadfdalf `cfcikrgfkAq `Rkilf ka]tf etaAl Enakfkikqf. `gfK ni[fB kIEz parftftalf, pqfqtftakfKmf, pCAm nib ~Bmf, nIrf vIzfcfcikQmf 'lflamf EcrfnfT mkfkqi[f T[fpgfkqf `A[tfAty<mf Epakfki[va '[fB etriyT. cibiT Enrmf mbkfkcf ecyft[ '[fpT mdfDmf nicfcymf.

knftk mAl `Fvartftilf knftk evpfp nIrf UbfBkqf. `gfEk Epa[alf `Zkiy MdfAd vacA[ kiqmfp<kibT. evpfpmf 90 FkirikfK Emlf. ciBvrfkqf KtitfTkf ekamfmaqmf EpaDki$rfkqf. mAlAy vidfD kIEz ;bgfkivRmf EpaT m[Atkf kvRmf epriy maqiAk o[fB ka]pfpDkibYT. `T Banff Spring Hotel '[fpT. eclfvnftrfkqf tgfKmidmf. mbfbvrfkQmf EvFkfAkyakcf Cbfbipf parfkfk uqfEq ec[fB parfkfklamf. MtfT ;r]fdavT piriAvcf Ecrfnftv[f.

MtfT `[fB ;rv< Pdartftilf T\gfkividfD Dr. A. v<d[f manaD ndkfKmf Banff School of Fine Arts '[fb kAlpf pqfqikfKcf ec[f$[f. Oviymf, nadfFymf, nadkmf, cibfpmf Epa[fb kAlkqf ;gfK ma]vrfkQkfKpf EpatikfkpfpDki[fb[. pqfqiyi[f pi[f p<btftilf epriy p<lfevqi. T\rtftilf ni[fB eka]fD mAlkAqy<mf, mrgfkAqy<mf, pCAmAyy<mf parftftaEl Oviymf etiriyatv{kfKkf Pd `kfkadfcikAqpf pdmaktf tIdfd Ukfkmf pibkfKmf. 'gfK parftftaLmf ma]vrfkqf Akyilf Oviymf tIdfDmf `dfAdkqf, pl v]f]gfkAqcf ciB ki]f]gfkqilf "nftikf eka]fD kbfpA[yilf ~zfnftiRnftarfkqf. `nftcf Vzf niAlyilf kbfpA[kqf ~bak ODmf '[fptilf _ymilfAl.

pl ~rayfcfciyaqrfkqf PFyiRnft manadfFlf MtfT pl viwfwa[ikAqpf parfkfk, Epc vayfpfp< kiAdtftT. ovfevaRvRmf tgfkqf epyAry<mf, p]ip<riy<mf ;dtfAty<mf pibrf ka}mfpF oR ciB `dfAdyilf 'Ztitf etagfkvidfDkf eka]fD ;Rnftarfkqf. `vrfkQqf oR epyrf MtfTv<kfK ec[fA[yilf t[f ~rayfcfciyi[f EpaT pFtfttak wapktfTkfK vnftT. MtfT `vAr `}ki "nIgfkqf ;r]fD ~]fDkQkfK M[f evqiyidfd ~rayfcfciAy na[f pFtftiRkfkiEb[f. `T cmfpnftma[ tkvlfkAq '[kfKtf tr MFy<ma" '[fB Ekdfda[f. "`tbfek[f[ `{pfp<kiEb[f. ugfkqf vilactfAtkf ekaDgfkqf" '[fB EkdfD vagfkikf eka]fdarf. MtfT `nftcf cmfpvtfAt `tfTd[f mbnfT Epa[a[f. oR vartfTkfKpf pi[f MtfT Edmonton-kfKtf tiRmfpiyv<d[f `nftpf Epraciriyrf eca[f[pF tkvlfkAq `{pfpi AvtftiRnftarf. oR ma]v{Ady Ev]fDEkaAq ;vfvqv< Tritmak niAbEvbfBvarf '[fB MtfT k[viLmf niA[kfkvilfAl. ;vfvitmf ~rmfpitfttf ndfp<< `Et Epraciriyrf MtfTvi[f MA[vrf ~rayfcfciAypf pricIlA[ ecyfy<mf evqipf parfAvyaqrakpf (External Examiner) pi[f[rf vrpf Epakibarf '[fpTmf Kbipfpidtf tkfkT. `TmdfDmlfl `[f[aRAdy ndfp< vqrfnfT, `vRdE[Ey p]ip<riy<mf Eparciriyrak mlrfnfT, t[f KDmfp n]fprakv<mf MpfpT ~]fDkQkfK Emlf ;Rpfparf '[fB `nftcf cmytftilf MtfT niA[kfkkf kar]mf ;lfAl.

`Dtft na[fK nadfkqf ~rayfcfci manadfDcf ecabfepaziv<kAqkf Ekdfptilf MtfT klnfT eka]fda[f. pl naDkqililiRnfT vnft Epraciriyrfkqf kdnft ;r]fD ~]fDkqilf ttftmf ~rayfcfci cmfpnftma[ k]fDpiFpfp<kqilf ndnft M[fE[bfbgfkAq ;RpT nimidgfkqilf etaKtfTcf CRkfkicf ecalflikf eka]fD ;Rnftarfkqf.

;vbffAbvid MtfTAv `tikmakfkf kvrfnftT EvebaR vixymf. EnrtfTkfK ovfevaRvRmf kadfFy MkfkiytfTvmf MtfTAv viykfkcf ecyftT. 'vfvqv< epriy ~rayfcfciyaqrak ;RnftaLmf `vrfkQkfKkf ekaDkfkpf pdfdkf kal vAryArAytf ta]fDvT kiAdyaT. ;RpT nimidgfkqf ekaDkfkpf pdfdalf `T ;RpT nimidgfkqf ta[f. ptfeta[fpEta, ;RptfT o[fB nimidgfkEqa `lfl. 'kalmf epa[f[a[T ' '[fB 'Zti madfF[alf mdfDmf EpataT. `Et Epalf vazfkfAkyi[f ovfevaR pKtiyiLmf mkfkqf kaltfAtkf kAdpfpiFpfptilf kadfDmf tIvirmf Emlf nadfD mrp<kqilf tAlyayT '[fpAt MtfT k]fD eka]fda[f.

manadfFlf pl ma]vrfkAqy<mf MtfT cnftikfk EnrfnftT. Edmonton-lf `v{d[f ~rayfcfci p<riy<mf Adam '[fpvrf Kbipfpidtf tkfkvrf. ;gfkilanftilf pibnftvrf. tazfnft Krlilf cinftitfTpf EpCmf K]mf uqfqvrf. vyT 35 ta[f ;RkfKmf. ~[alf tAl vyTkfK mIbiy vZkfAk. Lilly '[fb pilipfAp[fsf nadfDpf ep]f `vRAdy mA[vi. Hawaii plfkAlkf kzktftilf Adam EmbfpFpfAp MFtfT vidfD Ph.D. pdfdmf epb Edmonton-kfK vnftiRkfkibarf. MtfTv<kfKmf `vRkfKmf uqfq Mkfkiyma[ obfBAm ;RvridMmf p]mf KAbvak ;RnftT ta[f. `t[alf `vrfkQkfKqfq ndfp< `tikmayibfB. ;RkfKmf p]tfAt AvtfTkf eka]fD ;[f{mf YYYM[fB nadfkAqtf tqfq Ev]fDem[fb oEr Enakfktftilf ;RvRmf Kbiyak ;Rnftarfkqf. Banff nkrilf 'nfetnft ;dtftilf 30 Apcav<kfKqf vyibfAb nirpfpkf PFy u]v< kiAdkfKmf '[fB Adam etrinfT AvtftiRnftarf. t[kfEkbfb EjaF '[fB MtfT `vRd[f enRgfkipf pzkla[a[f. cil matgfkqilf kaArpf pbfbi o[fBEm etriyat wa[V[fymak ;Rnft MtfTv<kfK, t[f{Ady kaArEy piritfTkf kadfF o[fBvidamlf 'lflavbfAby<mf kbfBkf ekaDtftT Adam ta[f.

 

29. 'zilf mikfk "ri

manaD MFnfT Banff-_ vidfD MtfTv<mf Dr. A. mf Lake Louis '[fb 'zilf miKnft "riAypf parfkfkcf ec[f$rfkqf. vdfd vFvma[ mAlkqf. `vbfbi[f carlilf k]fA]pf pbikfKmf, evqfAqy<mf nIlMmf klnft uAbnft p[ikfkdfF paAbkqf (glaciers) pl N\bf$]fDkqak `gfEkEy Etgfkikf kidkfki[fb[. uRk EnrMmf tKnft evpfpMmf kiAdkfkattalf epyfy<mf sfE[av<mf mAzy<mf vRdkf k]kfkilf uAbnfT o[fb[f Emlf o[fbak `DkfkDkfkak p[ikfkdfFpf paAbkqak mabiviDkif[fb[. `nftpf p[ikf kdfFpf paAbkqi[f Emlfpakmf mdfDmf cibitqv< uBki, `ti[i[fB oZkiytf t]f]irf "riyak primqikfkibT.

`nfttf Etciy v[tftiliRnft mbfb "rikAqpf Epalf t]f]Irf, nIlmf, pcfAc klnft v]f]makkf kadfci `qitftT. MtfT `gfK Epa[ ti[tftilf Vriy[f pqicfec[fB vIcikfeka[fFRnfta[f. "riyilf uqfq t]f]Irilf mAlcf carlf `Fyilf ni[fb mrgfkqf nizlf pirtiplitftT. `nftkf kadfciy<mf kbfpA[kfK `pfpabfpdfdT '[fB ka]fEparf k]f ekadfdamlf ;ybfAk `[fA[yi[f N]fkAlpf pFvtfAtpf parftftvaB ni[fBkf eka]fFRnft[rf. Dr. A. MtfTAv Enakfki "ugfkqidmf ;r]fD dalrf EnadfD Akyilf ;Rkfkibta" '[fB Ekdfdarf. ~mf '[fB MtfT eca[f[v<d[f "`Atpf piritfTpf paRgfkqf" '[f$rf Dr.A. ;nft "riyi[f citftirmf k[davi[f ;r]fD dalrf EnadfAd `lgfkripfpT etrinftT. `gfkiRnfT Epak m[milflamlf yavRmf Jasper '[fb UAr Enakfkipf p<bpfpdfdarfkqf. (;nftkf kAt 'ZtpfpDmf EpaT ;nft ;r]fD dalrf EnadfDkqf p<zkfktftiliRnfT nIkfkpfpdfD, `tbfKpf ptilak na]ygfkqf eka]fDvrpf pdfDqfq[.)

_nfT matgfkQkfK M[f yaravT MtfTAv "nIgfkqf ugfkqf vazfkfAkyilf ;TvAr parftft kadfcikqilf mik mik rmfmiyma[T 'T '[fB EkdfFRnftalf, tajfmhalf '[fB ta[f ptilf `qitftiRpfpa[f. ~[alf tajfmhalf m[it[alf uRvakfkpf pdfd oR pAdpfp<. na[fK matgfkQkfK M[f `Et EkqfviAykf EkdfFRnftalf ekadfDmf sfE[a `lflT uAbnfT kidkfKmf ~B '[fB ecalfliyiRpfpa[f. na[fK nadfkQkfK M[f Pd Banff nkr mAlkqf, `vbfAbcf carfnft Ap[f mrkf kaDkqf, k]fA]kf kvRmf pcfAc v]f] ntikqf '[fB PbiyiRpfpa[f. `[fB kaAl Lake Louis-_pf parftftv<d[f `Atvid `zKmf, kmfpIrMmf uqfq ;ybfAk `Ampfp< matiri 'gfKmf parfkfk MFyaT '[fB ecalfliyiRnftaLmf `tiLmf tvB ;RnftiRkfkaT. ;pfEpaT Lake Louis- liRnfT Jasper EpaKmf vziyilf MtfT k]fd kadfcikQkfKpf pibK, k[daAv vidfDkf kiqmfp<mf vAr ;T matiri EkqfvikQkfK viAd ekaDkfkamlf ;RpfpT ta[f p<tfticalitft[mf '[fB MFv< ecyfT eka]fda[f.

kidfdtftdfd 100 AmlfkQkfK Emlf enDwfcaAlkfK ;Rp<bMmf ecgfKtfta[ kbfpagfka[ mAltf etadrfkqf. `nft pqfqtftakfKkqi[f mtftiyilf ;nft enDwfcaAlkAq `AmtftvrfkQkfEk priC ekaDkfklamf. EmbfEky<qfq mAl ucfcikqilf uAbnfT kidkfKmf p[ifpfpaAbkqf (Glaziers) Vriy evqicfctftilf pqicfec[fB ev]fAmAy na[fK tikfKkqiLmf citb `FtfTkf eka]fFRnft[. ev]fAmEyaD nIlmf, pcfAc, kRAm ~kiy v]f]gfkQd[f `nftpf p[ikf kdfFpf paAbkqilf "Eta uElakgfkqf ;RkfkEv]fDmf '[fB u]rftfti[. mAl `Fvartftilf uqfq enDwfcaAlAy odfF `DtfT `DtfT ka]pfpdfdpf pl v]f] "rikqf.

tiGer[fB Dr. A. kaAr caAlyi[f Ormak niBtfti[arf. M[f[alf vriAcyak o[fb[ pi[ff o[f$kpf pl karfkqf ni[fB eka]fFRnft[. karfkqiliRnfT ulflacpf pirya]ikqf emTvak evqiEy vnfT camera kfkAq "nftiyvaB p<Akpfpdgfkqf 'Dtft v]f]mak ;Rnft[rf. caAlkfK 100-150 `F T\\rtftilf ;r]fD krFkf KdfFkqf o[fEbaD o[fB viAqyaFkf eka]fFRnft[. cilrf kaRkfKqf tiRmfpicf ec[fB tgfkqf T\rEnakfKmf kRvikAq eka]rfnfT KdfFkAq ~Ac tIrpf parftftarfkqf. cil tIrma[ ;Aqwrfkqf ekawfcmf `RkiElEy ec[fB parfkfk ~rmfpitftarfkqf. nlfl EvAqyak krFkfKdfFkqf viAqyaFkf eka]fEd p<trilf mAbnftv<d[f 'lfElaRmf kaRkfKtf tiRmfpi[arfkqf.

`DtfTcf cil T\rtftibfK ;Et matiri ma[fkqf nibfpT, Moose '[fb miRkmf EmyfvT, nri ODvT Epa[fb kadfcikqf. viArnfT kaAr OdfFcf eclfl yaRkfKmf m[milfAl. enDwfcaAlyilf ekawfc T\rtfTkfK oR tdAv ";Av kadfFl vaZmf pira]ikqf. `AvkQkfK u]v< ekaDkfkkfPdaT" '[fB viqmfprgfkqf. ~[alf `AvkAq yaRmf epaRdfpDtftiytaktf etriyvilfAl. karf j[f[Altf tibnfT AvtfTkf eka]fD vaAzpfpzmf, ~pfpiqf, eradfFtf T]fDkqf MtliyvbfAbkf ekaDtfT `mfmiRkgfkqf capfpDmfEpaT p<Akpfpdmf 'DtfTkf eka]fFRnftarfkqf cil ;qvdfdgfkqf. oR cil Enrgfkqilf `nft miRkgfkqf ;nft `tikpfpircgfkikAqkf kaypfpDtftiyiRkfki[fb[ '[fB Dr. A. Pbi[arf.

`DtfT vnftT Columbia Ice Fields. ;T oR cil mAlkAqEy `AdtfTkf eka]fD prvikf kidnft mikpf epriy glacier. _nfT, ptfT Amlf T\rtfTkfK ;nft p[ifpfpaAbkqf mAlkAq YYMFkfeka]fFRnft[. ;Av ;vfvaB uAbnfT klfEpal ~k 'tftA[ ~]fDkqf ~kiyiRkfk Ev]fDmf '[fB parftftvrfkqf `ticyikfKmf v]f]mf EtabfbmqitftT. ;nftcf enDwfcaAlkQmf, pdK Epa[fb karfkQmf mbfb vctikQmf ;lflat kaltftilf ;pfpKtiyilf 'nft vitma[ mkfkqf vcitft[rf, `At `DtfT vnft p<TAm ka]fEparf, (explorers) ;tftA[ vitma[ udlf vRtftgfkAqy<mf paramlf, `tfT[fpgfkqf `A[tfAty<mf ckitfTkf eka]fD ;nft ;dgfkAqkf k]fDpiFkfk M[f vrkf kar]mf '[f[? `vrfkQkfK `tftAky UkfktfAtkf ekaDtftT vIrma, epaRqaAcya, ;ybfAkyi[f ;rkciytfAt `biy Ev]fDmf '[fb `nftrgfktf T\]fDtla '[fB etriyatpF MtfT `kfkadfcikAq m[tfTkfKqf pRkla[a[f.

cil AmlfkQkfKkf karf nicpftmak OfFkf eka]fFRnftT. Dr. A. mf MtfTv<mf Columbia Ice Fields- [f `ticy ulktftiliRnfT ;[f{mf mIqamlf, EmEl u]rfcfciyi[f 'lfAlyilf pbnfTkf eka]fFRnftarfkqf '[fpT `vrfkqf kadfFy emq[mf 'DtfTArtftT. oR cibiy mAlAykf kdnfT enDwfcaAlyilf karf OFkf eka]fFRnftT. m[it[alf KAdkfkpf pdfd kbfpaAbyi[f ucfciyilf 20-30 mAl evqfqaDkqf kvAlyi[fbi ni[fB eka]fFRnft[. Dr. A. kaAr Ormak niBtfti[arf. ;nft ~Dkqf Pbiy ekamfp<kQmf, taFy<mf eka]fdAvkqak ;Rnft[. `nft ucfcipf pKtiyilf oR pyMmi[fbi ulflacmak ulavikf eka]fFRnft[. `vbfbi[f kalf `Ampfp< `Av kIEz vizatpF kbfpaAbkqilf U[fbi Avkfk utv<ki[fb[ '[fB Dr. A. viqkfki[arf. ;nft m[itrfkqi[f CpavEm nmfptf tkfkT `lfl '[fb ma[pfpa[fAmEyaD ta[f ;nft uyrtftilf vcitfT vaz nimfmtiyak ;RkfKmf '[fB `nft mAl evqfqaDkqf niA[tfT ucfcikfKcf ec[fB vcikfki[fb[ '[ ']f}vtiLmf tvB ;lfAl!

MtfT `DtfTpf parftftT enDwfcaAlkfK ;Rp<bMmf tArEyaD tAryak m]LkfKmf `vbfbi[f udLkfKmf maBpaD ;lflamlf pZpfp< nibma[ ecmfmbi ~Dkqf. ekamfp<kqf vAqnfT ka]pfpdfd[. ;nft m]f]ilf "Eta upfp<cfctfT (iodine) KAbvak ;Rpfptalf v[tfAtpf paTkapfEparf ~gfkagfEk Salt Dips '[pfpDmf cTrvFva[ upfp<pf paAbkAq AvtftiRkfkibarfkqf. `nft ~DkQkfKtf EtAvya[ upfAp `nft ~DkEq tgfkqf ;cfAcyak Ev]fDem[fb `qv<kfK nkfki nkfki udfekaqfQvT oR `ticyma[ kadfci. ;ybfAk `[fA[yalf 'ziAltf trtfta[f MFy<mf. `nft ;ybfAk `Ampfp<kAqy<mf `tilf vaZmf uyiri[gfkAqy<mf kapfpabfBvT m[it Mybfci ;Rnftalf ta[f MFy<mf '[fptbfK ;Tv<mf oR 'DtfTkf kadfD ~Kmf.

Jasper nkr 'lfAlkfKqf NAzvtbfK M[f kAdciyakpf parftftfT Athabasca Falls '[fb nIrf vIzfcfci. `TvAr enDwf caAlEyaD oR pkfkmak vAqnfT vAqnfT OFkf eka]fFRnft ~B tiGer[fB nDEv ;Rnft kiD kiD pqfqtftilf 100-200 `F ~ztftilf Epayf viZkibT. Athabsca '[fb `nft nti glaciers uRKvtalf "bfpdfdT. nIrf vIzfcfci '[f$lf mAl EmliRnfT kIEz viZvAtpf pbfbi MtfT EkdfFRkfkiba[f. ~[alf ;nft nIrf vIzfcfci `REk ec[fB parfkfKmf vAr ~BEpaltf ta[f ODkibT. ~[alf 'Eca' '[fb OAcy<mf, p<Ak matiri EmEl kiqmfp<mf t]f]Irftf tivAlkQmf ta[f `gfK "Eta vicitftirmf ndnfTkf eka]FRkfkibT '[fpAtkf kadfF[. `Rkilf ec[fB kIEz parftftalf tAl CbfBmf pFya[ oR u]rfcfciAy "bfpDtfti viDkibT. p>mi mdfdtfTkf kIEz `tl pataqtftilf mik Evkmak mAlkAqpf piqnfTkf eka]fD kIEz viZvAt naeqlflamf parftftaLmf `Lpfp<tf tdfdaT. mkfkqf ;nft nIrf vIzfcfciAypf pl Eka]gfkqiliRnfT parfkfk ;Rmfp< AkpfpiFkAqy<mf, `T 'pfpF u]fda[T '[fpT pbfbi viqkfkmak 'Ztipf EpadfDmf ;Rkfkibarfkqf.

epaZT viFnfT epaZT Epa[alf vID, psf, `Lvlkmf, `lflT etazibfcaAl, mI]fDmf vID, KDmfpmf, '[fB pl ~]fDkqf p]iyabfbiy pi[f Oyfv< ! 'u]fD u]fD ubgfKvtlflalf Eveba[fBmf `biEy[f praprEm' '[ ti[cri vazfkfAkAy EmbfekaqfQmf catar] m[itrfkqf oEr naqilf ;tftA[ ;ybfAkyi[f `bfp<<tgfkAq Orqv<kfKtf ta[f 'DtfTkf ekaqfq MFy<mf. m[tftilf ~rfvmf ;RnftaLmf, udlf otfTAzkfk Ev]fDmf `lflva? EmLmf ulflacpf pirya]mf MFnftTmf `Et Epa[fb ;ynftir vazfkfAkKtf tiRmfpipf Epak Ev]fDEm '[fb kvAl EvB. ;nft 200 AmlfkQkfK Oyamlf o[fAb mabfbi o[fAbpf parftfTmf, EkdfDmf, `{pvitfTmf vnft mkfkqf `A[vRmf Jasper nkRkfKqf NAznftTmf u]rfcfcif evqfqtftiliRnfT evqiEybi kIzf mdfdtfTkfK ;bgfki vnfT u]vkgfkAq Enakfkicf ec[fbarfkqf. nitftira EtviAytf tZv `vrvrf tgfkiyiRnft viDtikQkfKpf pirinfT ec[fbarfkqf. MtfTv<mf Dr. A. - mf tgfkqf PdartfAtpf Epad oR nlfl ;dtfAttf EtFkf k]fDpiFtfT sleeping bag -lf ubgfktf etadgfki[arfkqf.

mBnaqf Dr. A. Jasper "rikqilf mI[f pifFkfKmf Mybfciyilf tIvirmak :Dpdfdarf. k[da nadfFlf mI[f piFpfpvrfkqf ;RvAkpf pDvarfkqf. viyapar Enakfktftilf maepRmf viAcpfpdKkQd[f kdliEla, epriy "rikqiEla, ntikqiEla epRmf `qvilf mI[f pifFtfT, pkfKvpfpDtfti vibfpA[kfK `{pfp<varfkqf oR cararf. mabak, mkfkqf niAbnftiRkfKmf nkrpf pKtikAq vidfDpf pl Amlf T\rmf ec[fB PdfdEm ;lflat nIrf niAlkqilf T\]fFlf EpadfD mI[fkAqpf piFpfpvrfkqf ;Atpf epaZT EpakfKkfkakcf ecyfki[fb[rf. naqf p>rav<mf T\]fFlf EpadfDvidfD tgfkqf KDmfpmf, `Lvlkpf pircfcA[kqf, ecanftkf kvAlkqf ~kiyvbfAbpf pbfbiy niA[v<kAqkf kAqnfTvidfD, mI[f T\]fFyilf `kpfpDkibta '[fb oEr niA[vilf m]ikf k]kfkilf udfkarfnfT ;Rpfparfkqf. cil nadfkqilf 5-6 mI[fkqf mdfDEm kiAdkfKmf. EvB nadfkqilf o[fBEm kiAdkfkamlf Epa[aLmf Epaklamf. `pfpF kiAdtftaLmf oRvrf oR naAqkfK 'vfvqv< mI[fkqf pifFkfklamf, `Av 'nft `qv< nIqmf ;Rkfk Ev]fDmf '[fb cdfd tidfdgfkqf uqfq[. ;nft vitikAq ecylfpDtft ~yfvaqrfkqf ;Rkfkibarfkqf. tvB ecyfEvarf yarayiRnftaLmf cri `prattfTkfK uqfqavarfkqf.

Dr.A. MtfTAv `AztfTkf eka]fD Jasper liRnfT Cmarf 10-12 Amlfkqf kadfDkfKqf `AztfTpfEpa[arf. `gfK oR epriy "ri. pbAvkqf ctftMmf, 'gfEkEya "Eta oR miRkmf ecyft vicitftirma[ OAckAqtf tvir `gfK m[it ndmadfdEm ;lfAl. ;r]fD m]i Enrmf kzitfT pi[f[Rmf oR mI[f Pd kiAdkfkvilfAl. MtfTv<kfKpf 'Eparf' `FtftT '[fB eca[f[alf `T epayfyakaT. maAl 4 Mtlf 6 m]ikfKqf 4 epriy mI[fkqf `kpfpdfd[. `vbfAbpf epRAmy<d[f PdartfTkfKkf eka]fD vnfT, va]liyilf EpadfD vadffF[arf. Pd cil eradfFtf T]fDkqf. `T ta[f ;rv< u]v<. ;nft mI[fkAqkf ka]f]mfmavidmf ekaDtftiRnftalf .....!!! MtfTvi[f nakfkilf t]f]Irf CrnftT. `pfEpaAtkfK `nft upfp< cpfp< ;lflat mI[fkAq u]fD pciAy ~bfbikf eka]fda[f.

T\kfkmf k]fkAq `FtfTkf eka]fD vnftT. T\gfKvtbfK ;pfEpaT '[f[ `vcrmf. 'gfKmf evqicfcmak ;RkfkibEt '[fB kFkartftilf m]iAypf parftfT MtfT mI]fDmf ~cfcriytftilf YYYMzfki[a[f. Enrmf ;rv< 10-30 kadfFyT. Dr. A. ;nftpf p<TAmAy viqkfki[arf. "p>mtftiy ErAkkfK vdkfEk 23 Fkiri etbfEk 23 Fkiri vAr uqfq evpfp m]fdl ;dgfkqilf ta[f pkLmf ;rv<mf kidfdtftdfd cmmak ;RkfKmf. namf ;pfEpaT ;RpfpT p>mtftiy ErAkkfK vdkfEk 49-50 FkirikfK Emlf. ~tlalf EkaAd kaltftilf pklf Enrgfkqf nIqmakv<mf, ;rv< Enrgfkqf cbfBkf KAbvakv<mf ;RkfKmf. ;nft Urilf 10-30 m]ikfK Emlf ta[f ;Rdfd ~rmfpikfKmf. kaAlyilf 4 m]ikfeklflamf evqicfcmf vnfTviDmf. ;[f{mf vdkfEk vdTRvtfTkfK `Rkilf Epa[alf, EkaAd kaltftilf 6 matgfkqf etadrfnfT evqicfcmakv<m, Kqirf kaltftilf 6 matgfkqf ;Rdfdakv<mf ;RkfKmf. "

Dr. A. eca[f[T u]fAm. ~[alf MtfT Mtlilf nmfpvilfAl. Enrilf k]fdpibK ta[f p>Ekaqpf padmf `v{kfKpf p<lpfpdfdT.

vifFnftTmf Edmonton-kfKtf tiRmfpipf Epakkf PdartfAtkf kdfF Avkfkv<mf mbfB pakfkiyiRnft oR cil kadfcikAqpf parfkfkv<mf pklf 12 m]i ~kividfdT. "tavT capfpidfDvidfD kiqmfpi[alf ecqkriymak ;RkfKmf. vziyilf cirmpf pd Ev]fFytilfAl '[fB MFv< ecyfypfpdfdT.

Dr. A. - ugfkQkfK chinese food piFkfKma ?

MtfT- ;TvAr capfpidfdT kiAdyaT. ~[alf capfpid viRpfpmf.

Jasperlf ;RnftT oEr oR cI[ u]vkmf. ;nftpf pKtikQkfK cI[rfkqf 19-mf N\bfba]fFElEy vnfTkf KFEybividfd[rf. `pfEpaT `k]fdma[ k[da nadfFLmf, `emrikfkaviLmf, kizkfK Mtlf EmbfK vAr p<Ak v]fFkqf eclfl, ;Rpfp<pf paAtkqf `Ampfptbfkak ~dfkqf EtAvpf pdfdT.  cI[ EtctftiliRnfT ~yirkf k]kfka[ mkfkqf Pli EvAlkfK vnftarfkqf. `vrfkQAdy cnfttiyarfkqf ecyfT vRmf etazilfkqilf Mkfkiyma[Av u]vkgfkqf AvtfT ndtfTtlf, plcrkfKcf cama[fkqf, pzgfkqf, kayf kbikqf vibfKmf kAdkAq AvtfT viyaparmf ecyftlf Mtliy[vaKmf. u]v<pf pdfFylilf evqfAqcf cattfAtpf parftftv<d[f MtfTv<kfK oEr ~[nftmf. vyiB p<Adkfkcf EcaBmf, Ekazi ;Abcfciy<mf oR piF pifFtfta[f. 'tftA[ nadfkqf pdfF[iyak ;RnftaE[a '[fB Dr. A. Ekvlmak niA[pfpaEr '[fpT Epa[fb ;gfkitma[ pzkfkgfkAqpf pbfbi MtfT kvAlpfpdvilfAl. "u]fF MtbfEb ulki[f pi]fdmf" '[fb MTemazikfK ;lkfk]mf vKpfpT Epalf MtfT Mmfmrmakcf capfpidtf etadgfki[a[f.

Edmonton vnfT Ecr maAl 6 m]ikfK Emlf ~kividfdT. Dr. A. MtfTAv `v[f tgfkiyiRnft ;dtftilf ;bkfki vidfDtf t[f ;lfltfTkfKcf ec[fbarf. pDkfAkyilf pDtftvaB kdnft oR vartftilf ta[f `{pvitft ;ybfAk `Ampfp<kAqpf pbfbi niA[nfT viynfTtf T\kfkmf vramlf tvitfta[f. t[iyak ;RkfKmf Epaetlflamf `v[f m[At vidfD nIgfkat k]f]mfma, KznfAtkqf niA[v<kqf oR p<bmf `vA[ vadfF 'Dtft[.

M.ni. (;ybfAk `[fA[kfK "[f ;nft Or vwfcA[? ;RkfKmf eclfvmf MZvTmf oEr KznfAtkfKtf tr 'pfpF `vQkfK m[mf vnftT . ;lfAl. namf niA[pfpT tvB. nmf tayf nadfFl ;lflat ;ybfAk vqma? ;mymf Mtlf Kmri vAr 'tftA[ mAlkqf, kaDkqf, ntikqf. sfE[a ;mytftiLmf kaxfmIriLmf epyfvtaktf tmfpi m]i ecalfliyiRkfkiba[f. k[davilf uqfq krFkQkfKmf, ma[fkQkfKmf ;pfpF epRAmpf pDkibarfkEq! `sfsamilf uqfq rhinoceros, kirf kadfFLqfq p<likqf, cigfkgfkqf ;AvkAqpf parftftalf '[f[ ecalfLvarfkqf? ~[alf ;nft p<li, yaA[, cigfkmf Epa[fb miRkgfkQmf, `Av vaZmf kaDkQmf `zinfT oEr `Fyak mAbykf PFy niAlAmAy (extinction) viArvilf `Adypf Epaki[fb[ '[fB 'gfEkEya pFtfEtaEm. ~mf. ;ybfAk `[fA[ yaAry<mf TErakmf ecyfyvilfAl. 'lfElaRkfKmf cmmak ;lflavidfdaLmf `nftnft ;dtfti[f evpfp tdfp niAlkfKtf tKnftpF, ecF ekaF mrgfkAqy<mf kadfD vilgfKkAqy<mf ekaDtfTtf ta[f ;Rkfki$qf. `vqf ekaDtftcf ecatfAt AvtfTkf kapfpabfbi `nft `zAk `A[vRmf ka}mfpF ecyfvtilf ta[f mkfkqf EvBpDkibarfkqf. nmkfK vayfpfp< kiAdtftalf .....)

MtfTv<kfK vayfpfp< kiAdtftalf '[f[ ecyfvtak utfEtcmf '[fB ulkmf `biypf EpavtilfAl. `DtfTcf cil vinaFkqilf `v[f vidfd KbdfAdyiliRnfT Embf k]fd vakfkiygfkAq `v[f MZvtakcf ecalfl ;ylatpF `yrfnfT T\kfktftilf ~zfnfT vidfda[f '[fB etrinftT.

 

30. `[fEp nI `gfEk, na[f ;gfEk...

Edmonton-kfKtf tiRmfpi 2-3 nadfkQkfKtf ta[f k]fd kadfcikAqpfpbfbiy<mf, cnftitft m[itrfkAqpf pbfbiy<mf o[fB vidamlf viprmakkf k]f]mfmav<kfK 'ZTvtilf Mmfmrmak ;Rnfta[f MtfT. p<tiy n]fprf jvkridmf Pd `tik Enrmf kzikfkvilfAl. k]f]mfmav<kfKtf kFtmf 'ZTvT pirya] `{pvgfkAqcf ecalfLvtbfK mdfDmlfl. ;[fe[aR Cynlma[ kar]Mmf ;RnftT. KDmfptftilf PFyiRkfKmf EpaT catar]makkf k]v{mf mA[viy<mf "tavT kar]tftalf `FkfkF c]fAd EpadfDkf ekaqfQvT 'lfla KDmfpgfqiLmf u]fD. pirinfT ;RkfKmf EpaT ta[f oRvri[f `RAm mbfbvRkfKtf etriy<mf. Calgary yilf Dr. A. yi[f KDmfptfti[Arpf parftftv<d[f MtfTv<<kfKkf k]f]mfmaAvcf cIkfkirmf k[dav<kfKkf eka]fD vr Ev]fDem[fb ~vlf `tikritftT.

Etrfv<kfK Oyamlf pFtfTkf eka]fFRkfKmf EpaT 'Atpf pbfbiy<mf cinftikfk EnrmilfAl. oRv[f t[iyak, EvAl `tikmf ;lflamlf ;RkfKmf EpaT ta[f `v{Ady m[mf (m[kf KrgfK!) pl tikfKkqilf payfnfT `AlEmaTmf. t[kfK ;RkfKmf cibiy pircfcA[kqf o[fBkfKpf ptftakipf pi[f[rf N\B mdgfkakikf kdfDkfkdgfkamlf mAlEpal epriy uRevDkfKmf. k]f]mfmavi[f vima[ eclv<kfKpf p]mf EcmipfpT oR pkfkmf, `vqf ;pfEpaT matviy<d[f t[f epbfEbarfkEqaD cibiy kiramtftilf ;Rkfki$qf. Passport, Visa MtliyAvkAq vagfk mam[aRkfKcf camrftftiymf EpataT. 'tbfekDtftaLmf ec[fA[kfK vnfTtf t[f{Ady n]fprf matvA[tf ta[f uptftirvmf p]f] Ev]fFyiRkfKmf.

EmLmf `rC EvAlyilf 12 ~]fDkqakpf p]i p<rinft MtfTv<kfKtf tayf nadfFlf ;T matiri EvAlkqf 'vfvqv< Tritmak nAdepBmf '[fpT n[fK etrinftiRnftT. Mtlilf k]f]mfmaAvtf t[iyakkf k[dav<kfK `{pfp `vQAdy vIdfFlf opfp<kf ekaqfq Ev]fDmf. ec[fA[yilf ;Rnft EpaT Egmore-liRnfT p<rcvakfkmf vAr Pd k]f]mfma t[iyak vnftT kiAdyaT. PdEv TA]kfK yaravT ;Rkfk Ev]fDmf. ;pfEpatiliRnfEt ekawfcmf ekawfcmak 'Zti[alf ta[f mam[ari[f m[At mabfb MFy<mf.

`Dtfttak passport Mtliy[ vagfKvT 'pfpF '[fB oR cibiy viprtfAty<mf vidamlf o[fb[f kIzf o[fbak pdfFylf EpadfD `At `vrfkqf pi[f pbfBmfpF ecyfy Ev]fDmf. pi[f[rf p]mf Ecrfnftv<d[f Fkfkdf vagfKmf MAbkAqkf kAdciyak 'Ztlamf. ;vfvaB tidfdgfkAq m[tilf uRvakfkikf eka]fD Mtbfkdfdpf p]iyilf MtfT :Dpdl[a[f.

Dr. M. oR carar] m[itrlfl '[fpAtpf p<rinTkf ekaqfq MtfTv<kfK `tik Enrmf piFkfkvilfAl. `vrf 'pfEpaT EvAlkfK vRki$rf, 'pfEpaT vIdfDkfKpf Epaki$rf '[fB yaRkfkavT etriy<ma '[fpT Pd cnfEtkmf ta[f. mbfbvrfkAqvid ekawfcmf M[f[takEv vnfT, 'lfElaRmf vIdfDkfKpf Epa[pibK kAdciyakpf Epavarf '[fpT mdfDmf nicfcymf. 'pi[f T\gfki M[f 'Zmf EpAt' '[fB PbpfpDmf ptfti[ipf ep]fFrfkAqpf Epal. vnft pibKmf `vArpf Epayfpf parfpfpT `Atvid kF[mf. `pfpF `vArpf parfpfptbfK `vRAdy `AbkfK 'tirilf KAbnft pdfcmf `Ar m]i EnrmavT katftiRkfk Ev]fDmf. `pfpFEy uqfEq ec[fbaLmf Pd yaravT etaAlEpciyilf PpfpidfDvidfdalf, uqfEq EpavtbfKkf kiAdkfKmf 10 nimidgfkqilf 5 nimidgfkqf yaRd[avT Epcikf eka]fD ;Rpfparf.

kaAl 10 m]ifkfK oR MAb, pibfpklf oR tdAv t[kfek[fB AvtfTqfq kapi mug- _ Akyilf 'DtfTkf eka]fD 'lfElaRmf kapi `RnfTmf ;dtfTkfK 'DtfTcf eclfvaaf. 'lfElaridMmf klnfT udfkarfnfT kapiAy emTvakkf KFpfparf. m[itrf vaAytftibnfT kl klev[fB na[fK varftfAtkqf Pdpf Epc madfdarf. pibrf EpCmfEpaT `Atkf EkdfD tkfkvaB cibiy p<[fMBvlf `vrf Mktftilf Eta[fBmf. `nftpf p<[f MBvAlpf parftftv<d[f ta[f `vrf pibrf ecalfLvAtkf kaT ekaDtfTkf EkdfDkf eka]fFRkfkibarf '[fpEt p<lpfpDmf. ;vfvaB ptfT ptiA[nfT nimidgfkQkfKpf pi[f coffee mug- _kf kZvi 'DtfTkf eka]fD t[f `AbkfKtf tiRmfpipf EpayfviDvarf. vziyilf MtfTAvpf parfkfk Enrfnftalf Hi, Mat '[fB tAlAy Elacak `ActftpF ecalfLvarf. kdnft _nfT matgfkqak MtfTv<kfKmf `vRkfKmf ndnft EpcfC varftfAtkqf ;vfvqv<ta[f. ";vrf t[fA[pf pbfbi '[f[ niA[kfkibarf " '[fB etrinfTkf ekaqfq MtfTv<kfK mikv<mf ~Ac . `nft ~Ac niAbEvbpf pl ~]fDkqf ~kpf Epaki[fb[ '[fB ;nftcf cmytftilf MtfT etrinfTkf ekaqfq niyaymilfAl.

OR naqf kaAl kapi EnrtftkfKpf pi[f " Mat, ugfkQkfK Enrmf ;RkfKmf EpaT '[fA[ vnfT parfkfk MFy<ma" '[fB Dr. M . EkdfdT MtfTv<kfK ~cfcriytfAtkf ekaDtftT.

M.ni. - ( ugfkqf EkqfviEy p<TAmyak ;RkfkibT. Enrmf ;Rnftalf '[fpT vinfAtyiLmf vinfAt. ugfkQkfK 'pfEpaT Enrmf ;Rkfkibta '[fpT taE[ Mkfkiymf. k[davil mbfbvrfkqf Cy mriyaAtkfKkf kadfdcf ecyfypfpDmf EpcfC mrp< ;T EpaLmf).

M.eca. - ;pfEpaT Ev]fDem[f$lf vRkiEb[f.

Dr. M. - ugfkQkfK Jack '[fb ma]vArtf etriy<ma ?

M.eca. - ~mf, parftftiRkfkiEb[f. ~[alf n[f$ktf etriyaT.

Dr. M. - `vrf ;[f{mf 3 matgfkqilf Ph.D. MFtfTvidfDpf Epayf viDvarf. `vrf EpaKM[f `vridmf oRcil ecyfMAbAq nIgfkqf kbfBkf eka]fdalf, ugfkqf ~rayfcfcikfK mikv<mf upEyakmak ;RkfKmf. `vridMmf ecalfli ;RkfkiEb[f. "tavT pircfcA[kqf ;Rnftalf '[f[idmf ecalflv<mf.

MtfT `pfpFEy ecyfkiEb[f '[fB ecalflividfD `vridmf viAd epbfBkf eka]fda[f.

`Dtft oR mattfTkfK MtfT ~rayfcfcikf PdtfAtvidfD nkrvilfAl. capfpiDvtbfKmf, T\gfKvtbfKmf ta[f evqiEy vnfta[f. Jack ;dmf ecyf MAbkAqkf kbfBkf ekaqfQvT `vfvqv< Clpmak ;lfAl. t[kfKtf etrinftAt udE[ pFpfpFyak pibRkfKcf ecalflitftr m[milfAl '[fb u]rfcfci MtfTv<kfK u]fda[T. MtfTAv ~zmf parfpfptiElEy Jack kv[mak ;Rnftarf '[fb ']f]mf `v{kfK uBtiyayibfB. ;TvAr MtfT k[da nadfdarfkqf EmlfviZnfT eka]fD t[kfK utvi ecyfy M[f vratvrfkAqcf cnftitftT ;T ta[f Mtlf tdAv. "oR EvAq nmfAmpf piFkfkvilfAlEya, `lflT namf EpCmf ~gfkilmf ;vRkfKpf p<riyvilfAlEya" '[fB pl vitmak MtfT niA[kfktf etadgfki[a[f. OR `qv<kfK `vridmiRnfT ecyf MAbkAqtf etrinfT eka]fd pibK, MtfT `vRkfK n[fbi ecLtftividfD Jack ;dmf viAdepbfBkf eka]fda[f.

'nft oR p<TMAbAyy<mf kbfBkf ekaqfq t[f tibAmy<mf, p<tfticalitft[Mmf ta[f t[kfK utv<mf. pibRAdy utviAy `tikmf 'tirf parfkfkkfPdaT '[fb u]fAmAy vLpfpDtft ;nftcf cmfpvmf py[fpdfdT. ' t[f AkEy t[kfK utvi ' '[fB 'pfEpaEt tmizilf 'Zti AvtftiRkfkibarfkqf ;lfAlya?

~rayfcfcikf Pdtftilf `tik Enrmf eclvzitfttalf `gfK p]i p<riy<mf ck ma]vrfkqf, etazilf Ndfpcf ecylaqrfkqf, ~kiyvrfkQd[f Epcv<mf pzkv<mf MtfTv<kfK vayfpfp< kiAdtftT. `gfK p]i p<rinft ma]vrfkqf kidfdtftdfd 22-25 vyT ~[vrfkqf. k[da nadfD ;AqwrfkQd[f, epR, ehyfdfF, ;gfkilanfT, ~sftiErliya, Ac[a Mtliy naDkqiliRnfTmf cilrf pFkfk vnftiRnftarfkqf. ;r]fD EprfkAqtf tvir mbfbvrfkqf tiRm]mf ~[vrfkqf. mA[vikqf yavRmf "EtEta EvAlyilf EcrfnfT cmfpatitfT k]vrfkqf M. Sc. Ph.D. pdfdgfkqf MFkfk utv<kibarfkqf. ma]vrfkQkfKkf kiAdkfKmf upkarcf cmfpqtfTd[f ;nft vRma[tfAty<mf EcrftfTkf KDmfpcf eclAvcf ecyfkibarfkqf. ;vrfkqf vazfkfAkAypf pbfbi `binfTkf ekaqfq Enrmf kiAdkfKmf EpaT MtfT `vrfkQd[f EpcfCkf ekaDtfTpf parfpfpT]fD. MtfTvi[f EkqfvikQmf `AvkQkfK n]fprfkqf `qitft ptiLmf pi[f vRmaB ;RkfKmf.

Ekqfvi - "[f ugfkqf epbfEbarfkqf nIgfkqf EmbfpFpfp< pFkfkpf p] utvi ecyfy madfdarfkqa ?

ptilf - viAqyaDkibIrfkqa ? My old man will not give anything. Even if he does I will not accept it; even if I do, my wife will not let me accept it.

M. ni. - ( Old man '[fB eca[f[v<d[f, pavmf, ;vrfkqi[f tnfAt mikv<mf vyta[vrf Epalf ;RkfkibT).

tkpfpA[ My old Man '[fB `AzpfpT oR vzkfK '[fB M[fp< Ehadfdlilf Bryan eca[f[T MtfTv<kfK niA[v<kfK vnftT. ;RnftaLmf epbfb tkpfpA[ ;vfvaB `AzpfpT nakrikma ? vyTkfK oR mriyaAt ekaDkfk Ev]fdama ? mriyaAt kidkfkdfDmf. piqfAqkQkfK ;lflat p]mf tkpfp{kfK 'tbfK ? 'tbfkakcf cmfpatikfkibarfkqf? 

;nftkf EkqfvikQkfK uriy ptiAl , kIzfkf k]fdvaB viqkfkicf eca[f[arfkqf.

ptilf - Mat, ;nft nadfFlf epbfEbarfkqidmf p]mf EkdfD vazfvT Ekvlmf '[fB niA[kfkiE$mf. 'lflavbfAby<mf piqfAqkQkfKkf ekaDtfTvidfdalf `vrfkqf pibfkaltfTkfK Ev]fFy p]tfAt yarf ekaDpfparfkq ?

Ekqfvi - "[f, piqfAqkqf `vrfkAqkf kapfpabfb madfdarfkqa ?

ptilf - `pfpFy<mf ecalfLvbfkilfAl. ~[alf nicfcymakcf ecalfl MFyatlflva? mA[vi otfTkfekaqfQvaqf '[fpT '[f[ nicfcymf? ;nft matiri pircfcA[kAq uRvakfkamlf tvirfpfpT nlfltilfAlya ? na[f undergraduate ~k ;RkfKmf EpaEt, EkaAdyilf 'nft EvAlyilavT EcrfnfT Ecmitftpf p]tftilf ta[f M. Sc pFtfT vRkiEb[f. epbfE$rfkQAdy vyta[ kaltftilf na[f `vrfkQkfKcf CAmyak ;Rkfk oR naQmf viRmfp madfEd[f. EvB vzi ;lfAl '[f$lf `vridmf kd[akkf EkdfEpE[ tvir `vridmf ;[amakkf Ekdfk madfEd[f.

;r]fD YM[fB n]fprfkqf ;Et matiri ptiAl `qitftv<d[f ;T ta[f k[da nadfD mrp< '[fpAt MtfT p<rinfTkf eka]fda[f.

M. ni. - 'vfvqv< mikv<mf cibnft pzkfkmf ! ;nftpf pzkfktfAt nmf Urilf AkpfpiFtftalf 'vfvqv< nlfltak ;RkfKmf. piqfAqkqi[f Emlf pFpfp<kfkak kd[f vagfki `Tv<mf kiAdkfkamlf kxfdpfpDmf epbfE$rfkqf 'tftA[ Eprf? ~[alf nmf Urilf EkaAd viDMAbyilf EvAl ecyfy 'lfElaRkfKmf vayfpfp< kiAdkfKma? MZ Enrmf cmfpatikfk Ev]fFy niAlyiElEy EvAl ;lflamlf plrf ti]fdaDki$rfkqf. EvAl kiAdkfKma '[fpT MkfkiymilfAl. ;pfpFpfpdfd m[pfpa[fAm ;Rnftalf Pd EpaTEm. "na[f piqfAqyi[f pFpfp<kfkak kd[f vagfkiyiRkfkiEb[f. `At `Adkfktfta[f vrtdfcA[ EkdfkiEb[f" '[fB yaRmf ecalflamlf ;Rpfparfkqf `lflva ? 

Ekqfvi - mA[viAykf kdfdaymak EvAlkfK `{pfp<vT niyayma ?

ptil f - `T oR cibiy "bfpaD ta[f. na[f pFtfT MFtftv<d[f `vqf Emlf pFpfp<kfKcf eclfl utvi ecyfEv[f. `lflT vID vagfk, KDmfpmf `AmtfTkf ekaqfq M[f p]mf kdfF viDEv[f.

Ekqfvi - Mat. ugfkQkfKpf epriy KDmfpma ?

ptilf - mikv<mf epritlfl. 'lfElAry<mf EcrftfT Cmarf 25-30 Eprf ;RkfKmf.

Ek. - Ekliyakcf ecalfLkibIrfkqf '[fB niA[kfkiEb[f. ugfkQkfK 'tftA[ KznfAtkqf ?

p. - ;r]fD.

Ek. - pi[f "[f 25-30 '[fB eca[f[Irfkqf?

p. - `pfpa, `mfma, padfd[f, padfF, tmfpi, `]f][f, citftpfpa, epriypfpa, mama, `tfAt 'lfAlAry<mf EcrftfTcf eca[fE[[f.

;gfK "Eta oR tkvlf ;Adevqi ;RpfpAt MtfT u]rfnfta[f. Ekqfvi Ekdfd n]fpRkfKmf ;T udE[ p<rinfT vidfdT.

Ek. - ;gfK KDmfpmf '[f$El 'EnriAdya[ KDmfpmf ' `tavT 'KznfAtkqf' '[fB ta[f epaRqf. nIgfkqf ecalfLvT 'nIFkfkpfpdfd KDmfpmf' (extended family). `Atpfpbfbi yaRmf Ekdfkmadfdarfkqf.

MtfT - `pfpF '[f$lf `pfpa, `mfma, padfF yaRmf ugfkqf KDmfptfti[rakkf kRtpfpdmadfdarfkqa?

ptilf - ;lfAl. viwfwa[ MAbyakEva, cMtay vzkfKpfpFEya `vrfkqf 'lfElaRmf ugfkAkfKcf ecanftmak ;Rkfklamf. ;nft nadfFlf cdfdpfpF nIgfkqf, ugfkqf mA[vi, KznfAtkqf mdfDmf ta[f ugfkqf KDmfptfAtcf Ecrfnftvrfkqf '[fB `rftftmf. ugfkQkfKkf kiAdkfkpfpDmf `rcagfkcf cLAkkQkfKmf ugfkqf epbfE$rfkqf Pd tKti ~k madfdarfkqf.

MtfTv<kfK ;nft viqkfkgfkqf EvFkfAkyakkf ka]pfpdfd[. ta[f p<rinfTkf eka]fdT criya '[fB vliy<BtfTmf epaRdfD MtfT EmLmf oR EkqfviAykf Ekdfda[f.

MtfT - `pfpF '[f$lf naAqkfK '[f epbfEbarfkqf k[dav<kfK vnftalf `vrfkAq '[f{Ady Avtftiytf tidfdtftilf EcrftfTkf ekaqfq madfdarfkqa ?

ptilf - ugfkqf epbfE$rfkqf `vrfkQkfKtf t[iyak palici 'DtfTkf ekaqfq Ev]fDmf.

MtfT - `pfEpaT na[f, '[f mA[vi, '[f KznfAtkqf oR 'T]fFkfkpfpdfd KDmfpmf ' (nuclear family) '[fB taE[ epaRqf.

ptilf - Mat, you got it right.. `T ta[f `rftftmf.

;Atpf pbfbi ;[ipf Epcipf py[f ;lfAl '[fB MtfT EpcfAc mabfbividfda[f.

 

31. Etcgfkqf EtaBmf paAxkqf EvB

evqi naDkqilf vaZmf ;nftiyrfkAq Emlf nadfdarf `FkfkF EkdfKmf mikcf catar]ma[ Ekqfvi: ugfkqf nadfDpf ep]fkqf enbfbiyilf civpfpakkf ka]pfpDkibEt, `T 'tbfkak '[fpT.

ep]fkqf `zAk enbfbiyilf `]inftiRkfKmf tilkmf `tikpf pDtftikf kadfDkibT '[fpT pbfbiy<mf, tiRm] vazfkfAkyilf mgfkqkrtfAtkf KbipfpiDvT pbfbiy<mf MtfT viprmakcf eca[f[a[f. `vrfkqf m[til ;[f{mf n[f$kpf ptiy<mf '[fptbfkak ep]fkqf enbfbiyilf epadfD (tilkmf)) ;DvT ;gfK utdfFlf caymf p>cikfeka]fD kvrfcfciAy `tikripfptbfkak '[fB MFtfta[f. ~[alf mbfebaRvrf Ekdfd Ekqfvi Emlf nadfFlf ;pfpFy<mf cilrf ;Rkfki$rfkqa '[fB `ticypfpdtf tkfktak ;RnftT. `T ';nftpf epadfD pibkfKmf EpaEt ;RkfKma" '[fpT.

MtfT camrftftiymak ' ;nft nadfD mkfkqf utdfFlf p>Cmf caymf pibkfKmf EpaEt ;Rkfkibta. `T Epaltfta[f' '[fB Ekdfd pirksfptikfKpf ptilf `qitfta[f.

;nftiyaAvpf pbfbikf EkdfkpfpDmf mbfbkf Ekqfvikqf: mkkfqf etaAk epRkfkMmf `vbfAb `rC cmaqikfKmf vzikQmf; u]v< pbf$kfKAb; nkrcf caAlkqilf ndmaDmf maDkqf; epaTcf Ckatarmf ~kiyAv. ;Tmatiri EkqfvikQkfK epaBAmyakv<mf EvFkfAkyakv<mf viAdkqf ekaDkfk MtfT pzkikf eka]fda[f.

oR naqf. t[f[idmf cil vargfkqaktf Etgfkikf kidnft upEyakpf pDtftpfpdfd nI]fd PrfAmya[ k]f]aFkf KzayfkAq (Pasteur Pipettes) Ctftmf ecyfy niA[tfT ~rayfcfcikf PdtfAt nirfvakikfKmf Mrs. S. '[fpvridmf `AvkAq 'pfpFkf kZvv<T '[fB MtfT Ekdfda[f. '`AvkAqkf KpfApyilf EpadfD viDgfkqf. p<tiy KzayfkAq ugfkQkfKkf ekaDkfkiEb[f' '[fB `vrf eca[f[Atkf Ekdfd MtfTv<kfKtf t[f kaTkAq nmfp MFyvilfAl. oREvAq ta[f EkdfdT criyak vizvilfAl '[fB niA[tfT MtfT 'tbfKmf mI]fDmf oR tdAv EkdfDvidfdalf nlflT '[fB niA[tfta[f.

MtfT - ;AvkAqkf KpfApyila 'riycf ecalfLkibIrfkqf ?

Mrs. S. - na{mf rxifyavilf ;RnfT k[av<kfK vnft udE[ `pfpFtfta[f niA[tfEt[f. 15 ~]fDkQkKpf pi[f ;nftpf epaRdfkAq vI]akfKmf vzkfkmf '[kfKmf pzkfkmaki vidfdT. ;pfEpaT `Atpf pbfbi 'lflamf na[f kvAlpfpDvtilfAl.

M. ni. -  ;pfpFpfpdfd cMtaytfAt M[fE[biytak niA[tfEtaEm? ;nft matiri k]f]aFkf KzayfkAq ec[fA[yilf ;RkfKmf EpaT ~]fDkfK oR MAbta[f ekaDpfparfkqf. `vbfAbtf tiRmfptf tiRmfpkf kZvi, Ctftmf ecyfT upEyakipfpT vzkfkmf. _yEka ! vI]akfKmf cMtayEm ! ;nftkf Kzayfkqf kiAdkfkamlf ulkilf plrf kxfdpfpDmf EpaT `AvkAqtf T\kfki 'biycf ecalfLvT niyayma? cinftitfTpf paRgfkqf.

;nft nadfD mkfkAqcf cinftitfTpf parfkfkcf ecalfLvtbfK nmkfK '[f[ uriAm ;RkfkibT? ;gfK vIDkqiLmf, `LvlgfkqiLmf etazilf caAlkqiLmf vI]akfkpfpDmf t]f]Irf, mi[fcarmf, kakitmf, mrmf MtliyvbfAb vqRmf naDkqiliRnfT yaRmf vnfT parfkfkamlf ;RpfpEt nlflT. 'lflavbfAby<mf vid karfkQkfK Ev]fFy epdfEralf, Gclf Mtliy 'riepaRqfkAqtf t]f]IArvidtf taraqmakcf eclviDkibarfkqf. nkrgfkqf epriT epritak vqrfki[fb[Ev. nkrgfkAqcf Cbfbi ;RkfKmf trma[ Evqa]fAmkfK uriy nilgfkAqy<mf `qv<kfK mIbi `zitfT vIDkAqkf kdfFkf eka]fEfd EpakibarfkEq. ;vrfkqf ecyft p<]f]iymf ;nft nadfFlf 'gfK parftftaLmf kaDkqf miKnfT ka]pfpDki[fb[. ~[alf ;vrfkqf EpaKmf Evktftilf Epayfkfeka]fEd ;Rnftalf ;nftkf kaDkqf 'lflamf `ziy nI]fd nadfkqf ~kaT.

;vrfkAq enanfT '[f[ py[f? nmf nadfFlf mdfDmf '[f[ vazfkibT ? vID kdfDvtbfK nlfl mrgfkqf kiAdpfpT mikv<mf kxfdmak ;RkfkibT. kaDkQmf `zinfT vRki[fb[.

~[alf k[da Epa[fb epaRqatartftilf M[fE[biy naDkQkfKmf, ;nftiya Epa[fb vqRmf naDkQkfKmf ;nft vI]akfKmf pzkfktftilf obfBAmy<mf ka]pfpDkibT. ;Rvitma[ naDkQmf vI]akfKvtilf oRvRkfekaRvrf cAqtftvrfkqf `lfl. EmAl naDkqilf viArvilf eclfvnftrfkqaKmf EpraAcyi[alf mkfkqf vI]akfKvtilf :DpDki$rfkqf. eclfvnftrfkqakiy pi[f vI]akfKmf pzkfkmf `vrfkqf vazfkfAkyilf oR mrpak o[fbiviDkibT. vqRmf naDkqilf mkfkqf epRkfktftalf ;mffmatiri vr]fD EpakkfPFy ;ybfAkpf epaRdfkqi[f mik Evkmak `zikfk Ev]fFy niAl vnfTviDkibT. ~k MFv< ;r]fD vitma[ naDkQkfKmf epaT. ~[alf ;nft niAlAmAy mabfb Ev]fDmf '[fb m[pfpa[fAmy<mf, `tbfK Ev]fFy `rciylf T]iv<mf Emlf naDkqilf vqrfnfT, `tbfKtf EtAvya[ MybfcikAq mkfkqf 'Dkfktf etadgfki vifdfdarfkqf. vqRmf naDkqilf ;nft u]rfcfci 'pfEpaT "bfpDEma?

"rf k]fFx[f ecyfypfpdfd ~rayfcfcikf Pdtftilf `AdpdfDkf kidnft MtfTv<kfK evqi ulkEm mbnfT vidfdT '[fB ecalfllamf. parftftvrfkqf 'lflamf " Hi Mat, Is it warm enough for you ? " '[fB EkdfdTmlflamlf etadrfnfT " you should feel like home" '[fb oEr plflviAypf paF[arfkqf. evqiyilf `vrfkqf EkdfdpF evyfyilf kDAmyak ;RnftT. jIAl matmf pibnfT EkAdkalMmf vnfT vidfdT '[fpAt `pfEpaT ta[f MtfT u]r ~rmfpitfta[f. na[fK matgfkQkfK M[f ;Rnft evqfAqpf p[ipf EparfAv ;dmf etriyamlf mAbnfT EpayfvidfdT. 'gfK Enakfki[aLmf pCAm. `nft matiri pcfAc nibpf p<lf evqikAqy<mf. ~gfkagfK "Eta mnftir ckftiyi[alf tiGer[fB uRva[ pCtf Tqirfkqf niAbnft ecF ekaF vAkkqf tAztfT nibfpT nmfp MFyamlf ;RnftT. j[vri matmf parftft Edmonton cil matgfkqilf ;pfpFpfpdfd Etabfbmf `qikfkkfPDmf '[fB MtfTvalf kbfpA[ Pd ecyfy MFyvilfAl. ec[fA[ matiri kalfkqiEla, ecRpfpiEla uRKmf tarf odfFkf ekaqfqa vidfdalf Pd, `qv<kfK mIbiy evpfptftalf mkfkqf patikfkpf pdfd[rf '[fB etrinftT.

~rayfcfcikf PdtfTkfK oR naqf jvkrf etaAlEpci YMlmf MtfTAv `Aztftarf.

"Hullo, Mat, 'gfEk ekawfc naqak ugfkAqpf parfkfkEv MFyvilfAlEy?"

M. eca. - ~mamf. ~rayfcfciyilf ekawfcmf Mmfmrmak ;RkfkiEb[f. ;r]fD YYYM[fB vargfkqilf oR ma]vrf Ph. D. MFkfkpfEpakibarf. `vrf UAr vidfDpf EpavtbfKM[f `vridmf cil ecyfMAbkAqkf kbfBkf ekaqfQmfpF '[f Epraciriyrf ecalfliyiRkfkibarf. ecyfy<mfEpaT "tavT pircfcA[kqf vnfT eka]fEd ;Rkfki[fb[.

jvkrf - cri, kvAlpfpdEv]fdamf. 'lflamf criyakpf EpayfviDmf. na[f "[f PpfpidfEd[f '[fbalf, ;gfKqfq 'International House' '[fb niBv[tftilf ekawfc T\rtftilf uqfq Elk Island Park '[fb ;dtfTkfK evqi nadfD ma]vrfkQkfK oR picnic "bfpaD ecyfkibarfkqamf. nIgfkqf vRvtak ;Rnftalf na{mf Epaklamf '[fB ;RkfkiEb[f. vRkibI rfkqa ?

MtfT - vRvAtpf pbfbi o[fBmf ~dfEcpmf ;lfAl. Epayfvr vak[ vctikqf 'pfpF '[fB ta[f EyacikfkiEb[f.

jvkrf - `Atpfpbfbi kvAlpfpdEv]fdamf. 'lfla evqi nadfD ma]vrfkAqy<mf `vrfkEq psf "bfpaD ecyfT eka]fD Epakibarfkqamf. vRmf c[ikf kizAm kaAl 10 m]ikfK kiqmfpipf Epayf maAl 6 m]ikfeklflamf tiRmfpividlamf.

MtfT - cri. c[ikfkizAm 9 m]ikfK ugfkqf `AbkfK vnfTviDkiEb[f. pibK EcrfnfT Epaklamf. mikv<mf n[fbi.

32. kaltfti[alf ecyft n[fbi

jvkrf PbiyvaB c[ikfkizAm kaAl 10 m]ikfK Cmarf 40 evqinadffD ma]vrfkQd[f psf kiqmfpiyT. mtiymf p[f[ir]fD m]ikfKqf `nftpf parfkfKkfKpf Epayfcf EcrfnfT vidfdrfkqf. `nftpf p>gfkavilf 'lfkf (Elk) '[pfpDmf ma[fvAkAycf Ecrfnft vilgfKkAqy<mf, buffalo '[fB `AzkfkpfpDmf kadfD 'RAmkAqy<mf AvtfTkf kapfpabfbi vRki[fb[rf. 'lfkf '[fpvA[pfpbfbi MtfTv<kfK o[fBmf etriyaT. ;Tta[f MtlfMAbyak `mfmatiri miRkgfkAq MtfT parfkfk EnrfnftT. ~[alf buffalo '[fbv<d[f ""[f 'RAmkAqpf piFtfT AvtftiRkfki$rfkqf. ;vrfkQkfK Ev]fDem[fbalf nmf UriliRnfT 'tftA[ 'RAmkAq Ev]fDem[fbaLmf ;bkfKmti ecyfylaEm" '[fB niA[tfTkf eka]fda[f.

`REk ec[fb pibK ta[f ;vrfkqf buffalo '[fB `AztftT nmf Urilf ka]pfpDmf 'RAmkqf `lfl; bison '[fB `AzkfkpfDmf kadfD 'RAmkqff '[fB p<rinftT. oR kaltftilf ;nft nilpfpKtikqilf plflayirkf k]kfka[ kadfD 'RAmkqf mnfAt mnfAtyak tirinfT vazfnfT vnft[. cikpfp< ;nftiyrfkQm `vrfkQkfKpfpi[f vnft ~gfkiElyrfkQmf ;nft miRkgfkqi[f EtaLkfkakv<mf, ;Abcfcikfkakv<mf, ;nft maepRmf miRkgfkAq `zitfT VAryaFy<qfq[rf. ;[fB ndkfKmf vivcayEm ;nft miRkgfkqf vazfnfTvnft cmevqikqilf ta[f. nvI[ kaltftilf ;nft vilgfKkqi[f ']f]ikfAkkqf KAbnfT, `Av MZvTmf ;nft m]f]iliRnfEt mAbykf PFy `vl niAlyilf ;Rkfki[fb[ '[fpAt u]rfnfT, 'wfciyiRkfKmf kadfD 'RAmkAqpf paTkatfT vRki$rfkqf. oR cil miRkgfkEq ;pfEpaT ;Rmfp< vAl Epadfd kdfDkfKqf `AdpdfDkf kidkfki[fb[. cikpfp< nibmf, nI]fd taF, epriy enbfbi, KBkiy ekamfp<kqf uAdy ;Av Cmarf 2 d[f 'Ady<qfqAvkqak ;Rkfki[fb[. ;nft viprgfkAq `nftpf p>gfkav[tfAtcf Ecrfnft `tikari oRvrf Akyilf "nftiy Amkfkilf viqkfkikf eka]fD vnftarf.

kadfD 'RAmpf pKtiliyiRnfT psf cil AmlfkQkfK `pfpalf uqfq epriy "rikfKcf ec[fbT. 'lfElaRmf ;bgfki[arfkqf. jvkRmf MtfTv<mf kIEz evqfAq nib m]f]ilf, evyfyilf uAbkfKmfpF, udlilf cibitqva[ ~AdAy `]inftvrfkqayf, ~dvrf, ep]fFrf, ciBvrfkqf, ciBmikqf, Vriy evpfptfAt udfekaqfQmfpF pDtfTkf eka]fD ;RnftAtkf k]fdarfkqf. ;nftkf kadfci vyT nabfpAttf tZvi nibfKmf ;R n]fprfkQkfKmf oR `tirfcfciAy u]fdakfkiytilf viypfp< o[fBmf ;lfAl. ;RvRkfKmf evdfktftalf K[inft tAlAy nimirfnfT parfkfkv<mf Pcfcmak ;RnftT. ";nft Urilf '[f[ ~AdkQkfKpf pwfcma" '[fB jvkrf MtfTvi[f kaTkqilf M}M}tftarf. "~Adpf pwfcmf o[fBmf ;lfAl. vagfKvtbfKpf p]milflat "zfAmy<mf ;lfAl. ;T ;vrfkQAdy mrp< EpaLmf" '[fpT MtfTvi[f y>kmf. cbfB T\rtftilf ni[fB parftfTkf eka]fFRnft ;r]fD ~pfrikfk ma]vrfkQkfKmf ;Et cnfEtkmf vnfT, na]ikf Eka]i oRvRkf ekaRvrf emTvakpf Epcikf ekaqfQvAt MtfT parfkfktf tvbvilfAl. oR ~]fFlf na[fK matgfkqf mdfDEm VriyA[tf tAlkfK Emlf parfkfkf PFy vayfpfp< kiAdtftv<d[f, ;nft Urf mkfkQkfKtf tAl kalf p<riyvilfAl. evqfAq evEqrf '[fb ka]pfpDmf udLmf, Vriy evqicfctftalf 'cbfB' pZpfp< nibmf `AdvT (tanning through sun bathing) ;vrfkQkfKpf piFkfKmf '[fB cilrf viqkfkmf eca[f[arfkqf.

M. ni. - evqfAq nibmf uAdyv[f cbfBkf kBpfpak viRmfp<ki$[f. kBpfp<, pZpfp< nibMAdyvrfkqf ;tbfK Enrf mabak nibtfAt pv<drf MtliyvbfAbpf EpadfD mAbkfk viRmfp<kibarfkqf. m[it[i[f m[mf KrgfK '[fparfkqf. 'vfvqv< u]fAm. nmf Urilf mdfDmf '[f[ vazfkibT. tiRm]tftibfKkf katftiRkfKmf ep]f cbfB nibmf KAbvak ;Rnftalf epbfEbarfkqf pDmf paD `A[vRmf `binftEt. pl trpfpdfd m[kf EkaqaBkqilf ;Tv<mf oR vitmf

MtfTv<mf jvkRmf "riAy oR CbfB Cbfbi vnftarfkqf. kAryilf m]bfpagfka[ ;dgfkqilf ttftmf kvAlkAq mbkfkcf Vriy evqicfctftilf pDtfTkf eka]fFRnft `Ar ~Ad m[itrfkqf, t]f]Irilf ekadfdmf EpadfDkf eka]fFRnft ciBvrf, ciBmikqf, viAcpf pdKkAq Evkmak OdfFcf ec[fb ;qmf vdfdgfkqf. `nft Evktftalf urkfkcf ciritft `vrfkQAdy katbf EjaFkqf. mrgfkqi[f nizlilf oR Ormak ubgfkikf eka]fFRnft MtiEyarfkqf. ;vrfkqf nDEv ;nftpf p<TAmkAq Mtlf MAbyakpf parftfT viynfT vAAypf piqnfTkf eka]fD nibfKmf evqi Urf ma]vrf Kmfplfkqf. EvFkfAkya[ ulkmf '[fpT MtfT - jvkrf ;Rvri[f oRgfka[ MFv<.

;[i parfpfptbfK o[fBmf ;lfAlf '[fb MFv<d[f evqi nadfD ma]vrfkqf tgfkqf Akyilf eka]fD vnftiRnft mtiy u]Avcf capfpid Mbfpdfdarfkqf. T\rtftilf oR uyrma[ mrmf. epyrf etriyaT. ~[alf `nft mrmf oR Ap[f vAkAycf EcrfnftT '[fB ta[f Eta[fbiyT. Uci Epa[fb ;Alkqf. pRm[a[ Cbfbqv< uqfq `Fmrmf. `nft mrtfti[f nizlilf yaEra EcAl kdfFkf eka]fD nibfpT Epalf MtfTv<kfKtf etrinftT. capfpidfD MFtftv<d[f cibiT `REk ec[fB parfpfptilf tvB o[fBmf ;lfAl '[fB niA[tfta[f. ;[f{mf cibiT `Rkilf ec[fB parftfttilf `nft `mfAmyaRkfKtf tmizf nadfDkf kAq ekadfFyT '[fB u]rfnfta[f. Mtlilf Epayf vicarikfklamf '[fB ']f]iy MtfT "`T nakrikmak ;RkfKma '[fb pymf vnftT. `vrfkqf EkapitfTkf eka]fdalf '[f[ ecyfvT" '[fB ekawfcmf tygfki[a[f.

M.ni. - ;tilf pypfpDvtbfK '[f[ ;RkfkibT. namf niA[tfT tvbak ;Rnftalf `biMkmf ecyfT eka]fd pibK, parftfttilf mikv<mf mkizfcfci '[fB ecalfli viAd epbfBkf eka]fD vidfdalf EpakibT.

niA[tftAtcf ecyfT MFkfk MtfTv<kfK `tik Enrmf piFkfkvilfAl.

MtfT - My name is Muthu. I am from Madras, India.

ep]fm]i - tmizf EpCvIrfkqa ?

;Atkf Ekdfdpi[f MtfT mdfdbfb mkizfcfci `Adnfta[f '[fpT `v{Ady ptilf kadfFyT.

MtfT - EpCEv[a, paDEv[f, kviAt Pd 'ZTEv[f. ugfkAqpf parftfttilf mik cnfEtaxmf.

ep. - '[f epyrf Jasmine. nIgfkqf '[f[ ecyfkibIrfkqf. 'pfEpaT ;nft URkfK vnftIrfkqf?

M.eca. - Ph.D. pFpfptbfkak 5 matgfkQkfK M[f vnfEt[f. nIgfkqf nI]fd nadfkqak ;gfK vcikfkibIrfkqa ?

Jasmine - ~mamf. na[f vnfT 8 vRdgfkqf ~ki[fb[. ;gfK uyrf niAlpf pqfqiyilf ~ciriAyyak p]iyabfBkiEb[f. '[f k]vrf Utah University-yilf M.Sc. pFtfTkf eka]fFRkfkibarf. ;[f{mf cil matgfkqilf ;gfK vnfT viDvarf.

MtfT - ugfkQd[f tmizilf EpCvT ''kfK mikv<mf mkizicfciAy `qikfkibT.

Jasmine - na{mf `pfpFtfta[f niA[kfkiEb[f. 'gfEk tgfki ;RkfkibIrfkqf ?

MtfT - plfkAlkfkzk ma]vrf viDtiyilf.

Jasmine - KDmfpmf ;Rkfkibta ? 'gfEk ;Rkfkibarfkqf?

MtfT - '[f mA[vi k]f]mfma, ep]fkqf, carta, matvi ~kiy YYYYMvRmf ;nftiyavilf ;Rkfkibarfkqf. k]f]mfmaAv mdfDmf ;gfK `AztfTkf ekaqfqlamf '[fB EyacitfTkf eka]fD ;RkfkiEb[f.

Jasmine - "[f KznfAtkAqy<mf PdEv `AztfTkf eka]fD vrlaEm.

MtfT - '[kfKkf kiAdkfKmf utvitf etaAkyilf k]f]mfma vRvtbfK mdfDmf ta[f '[f[alf ;pfEpaT p]mf Ecmikfk MFy<mf. `pfpFEy KznfAtkAq `AztfT vnftaLmf 'lfElaAry<mf AvtfTkf eka]fD 'pfpF eclv<kfK cmaqikfk MFy<mf ?

Jasmine - ~mamf. ;T oR kxfdma[ niAlAm ta[f. 'gfkQkfKkf KznfAt ;lfAl. k]vA[pf pirinfT ;RpfpEt '[kfKkf kxfdmak ;RkfkibT. KznfAtkAq vidfDpf pirinfT 'pfpF ;RkfkibIrfkEqa.

MtfT - EvB vzi ;lfAl. '[f[ ecyfvT?

MtfTAvpfpbfbi Jasmine '[f[ niA[tftarfkEqa, etriyaT. pavmf. mA[vi mkfkAq vidfDpf pirinfT ;Rkfki$[f '[fb pritaptftaEla, nlflv[akkf (?) ka]pfpDki$[f '[fb uyrfnft ']f]tftaEla, nmf Urilf ;RnfT p<titak vnftiRkfkiba[f nmkfKmf bore `FkfkibT '[fb CynltftaEla, tmizf EpCkiba[f '[fb emazipf pbfbi[aEla '[fB ecalfl MFyaT. "Eta kar]mak ;RkfkdfDmf. Jasmine pi[f vRmaB ecalfl ~rmfpitftrfkqf.

Jasmine - MtfT, na[f ;[f{mf ekawfc Enrtftilf '[f{Ady apartment-kfKkf kiqmfp<kiEb[f. ugfkQkfK Enrmf ;Rnftalf '[f{d[f vaRgfkqf. "tavT capfpidfDvidfD ugfkqf viDtikfKcf eclfllamf.

MtfT - na[f t[iyak vrvilfAl. ;Eta ;vrf jvkrf. '[f{Ady n]fprf. `vRmf na{mf o[fbaktfta[f vnftiRkfkiEbamf.

Jasmine - `t[alf '[f[? ;r]fD EpRmf EcrfnfT vrlaEm. '[f karilf niAby ;dmf ;RkfkibT.

MtfTv<mf 'tirfparat vrEvbfAp m[mabpf paradfFy jvkRmf upcar varftfAtkAqpf Epcikf kiAdtft cnftrfpfptfAt nZvvid m[milflamlf ' cri, mikv<mf n[fbi ' '[fB ecalfli opfp<kf eka]fdarfkqf.

Jasmine tgfkiyiRnft ;dmf Edmonton nkRkfKkf kizkfKpf pKtiyilf ;RnftT. ;r]fD pDkfAk `Abkqf eka]fd k]icma[ apartment. ;vfvqv< vctikqf eka]fd ;dtfAtpf parftfT mA[vi mkfkAqpf pirinfT vaZmf ;r]fD klfya]mf ~[ pirmfmcfcarikQmf `cnfT Epa[arfkqf. Jasmine "Eta epaTva[ vivkargfkAqpf Epcikf eka]fEd 'capfpidlama ' '[fB `[fpakkf Ppfpidfdarfkqf.

;r]fD m]i EnrtfTkfK M[f tmiAzkf k[davilf Epcv<mf vayfpfp< ;lfAlEy '[fB MtfT "gfkiyT]fD. tmizf EpCmf oRvArkf ka]fEp[f '[fB niA[tftTmf kiAdyaT. oR m]i EnrtfTkfK M[f[alf Pd ;nft upfp< cpfpbfb k[da nadfD capfpadfAd mbnfT `BCAvkqf tTmfp<mf tmizf nadfD u]Avcf capfpidpf Epakibayf '[fB yaravT EvFkfAkkfKcf ecalfliyiRnftaLmf eca[f[vRAdy m[niAl cri ;lfAl '[fB ta[f MtfT PbiyiRpfpa[f. k[viLmf 'tirfparat v]f]mf, mcala EtaAc, Etgfkayfcf cdfF[iyilf ~rmfpitfT, catmf, Ekazi KRma, rcmf, tyirf, uRAqkf kizgfK cIvlf '[fB o[fb[f pi[f o[f$k _dgfkAqtf tdfFlf eka]fD vnfT ;bkfkfiy v]f]mak ;Rnftarfkqf Jasmine. EvB cnftrfpfpmak ;Rnftalf mriyaAtkfkakvavT EpaTmf '[fB ;RvRmf ecalfliyiRpfparfkqf. ;pfEpaT ;Rnftcf VzfniAlyilf `DtfT ;nft matiri capfpaD 'pfEpaT 'gfK kiAdkfKEma '[fb EkqfvikfKbi ;Rvrf MktftiLmf Eta[fbikf eka]fEd ;Rnfttalf, EtAvkfK cbfB `tikmakEv oR evdfD evdfF[arfkqf.

kaltfti[abf ecyft utvi cibiet[i{mf `T waltfti{mf calpf epriT '[fb vqfQvrf vakfK MtfTv<kfK niA[v<kfK vnftT. ;nft vqfQvrf oR tIrfkfk trici '[fptilf oR cnfEtkMmf ;lfAl '[fB MtfT u]rfnfta[f. ;[f{mf ekawfc Enrmf 'T 'AtEya pbfbi Epciy pibK MtfTv<mf, jvkRmf 'n[fbi nvillf' '[fb kdfdtfTkfK vnft[rf. oRvrf mabfbi oRvrf Mrs. Jasmine- [i[f `[fpa[ upcartfAtpf pl EvB vittftfilf 'DtfTcf eca[f[arfkqf. ;Btiyak Jasmine t[f{Ady kariElEy `vrfkqf ;RvAry<mf plfkAlkf kzk viDtiyilf eka]fD vidfdarfkqf.

(etadRmf)

Part - 6

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