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                   `R]kiri natrf `Rqiy
                     

                       tiR 'Z PbfbiRkfAk
                                           
                                             

                                           

                                                N\lf viqkfkmf

tiR 'ZkfPbfbiRkfAk '[f{mf Tti N\lf tmizf ;lkfkiytftilf uqfq 96 pirpnft vAkkqilf o[fbaKmf. ;nftkf kviAt MAbyilf o[fB Mtlf "Z vAr uqfq ']fkAq "biy<mf ;bgfkiy<mf ']f]lgfkarpf pdmak AvtfTpf pakfkqf `AmkfkpfpDmf.
(of[fB Mtl Orf"zf :bacf
ec[fb']f :Erzf nilnfetaBnf tiritr
']f}v eta[fbamf 'ZPbf biRkfAk)---mab[lgfkarmf 297.
nkfkIrrf, tiRwa[cmfpnftrf, tiRmgfAk ~zfvarf, `R]kiri natrf MtliEyarf ;tftAky pakfkAq ;ybfbipf p<kzf epbfBqfq[rf. 

EmLmf, tiR = Mtfti ;[fptfAt, 'Z = 'Zpfp<ki[fb, PbfB = ecabfkqi[f, ;RkfAk = ;Rpfpidmf '[fBmf epaRqf ekaqfqlamf.

tiRwa[ cmfpnftri[f tiRevZkf PbfB ;RkfAk, Etvartf tiRMAbyilf (1 - 128) cIkazipf ptikmak, OrfuR ~yiA[...'[fB etadgfKkibT. tiRmgfAk ~zfvari[f tiRevZkf PbfbiRkfAk , oREpRnfti... '[fb Mtlf `Fy<d[f etadgfKkibT (nalayir tivfypf pirpnftmf 2672).

MRkpf epRmaE[ wa[cmfpnftrak `vtritftvrf '[f{mf ekaqfAkAykf eka]fd `R]kiri natrf, cmfpnftArpf EpalEv ta{mf tiRevZkf PbfbiRkfAkAy MRkA[ MZ Mtbf epaRqakkf eka]fD paF `Rqi[arf.
(p<miyt[ibf pfrp<va[ p<kliyilf vitftkrf Epal
`mirftkvitf etaAdpad `FAmt[kf kRqfvaEy)---tiRpfp<kzf (p<miyt[ibf).

cmfpnftri[f ptikgfkAq naqfEtaBmf pyi[fB vnft `vrf tnfAtyakiy civpat ;Rtyrf, `AvkAq MbfBmf pyil MFyamlf vRnfti[arf. cmfpnftrf, tiRevZkf PbfbiRkfAkAypf paF, `At ti[Mmf Oti[alf, 'lflapf ptikgfkAqy<mf paFy pl[f kiAdkfKmf '[fB uArtftarf.
('nfAtkfK 'ZPbfB ;RkfAk, :rF :rF Avpfp<)--- epriy p<ra]mf 2179.

`R]kiri natrf 'Ztiy pti[abayirmf tiRpfp<kzfpf padlfkAqtf ti[Mmf Ot MFyatvrfkqf, tiRevZkf PbfB ;RkfAk o[fAb mdfDmf paF[aLmf, 'lflapf pakfkAqy<mf paFytbfKcf cmmf '[fB PBvT vzkfK. tiRpfp<kzilf uqfq kRtfTkfkqf `A[tfAty<mf CRkfki, oR citftir vFvilf `AmtfTkf kviAt ;ybfb vlfl `R]kiri natrf, nabf kvi kviwrf '[fB paradfdpfpDvtilf viypfpilfAl.

citftirkf kviAtyi[f `Ampfp<
 
;nftkf kviAt `Ampfpilf, ciB kdfdgfkAq "Z vriAckqilf `AmtfTpf paDvT mrp<. Mtlf vriAcyilf 1 '[fb ;lkfkmf ;dpfpdfd oEr kdfdmf `AmkfkpfDmf. `t[f kIzf, ;dmiRnfT vlmak, MAbEy 1,2,1 '[fb ;lkfkgfkqf ;dpfpdfd 3 kdfdgfkQmf, `t[f kIzf, 1,2,3,2,1 '[fb ;lkfkgfkqf ;dpfpdfd 5 kdfdgfkQmf, `t[f kIzf 1,2,3,4,3,2,1 '[fb ;lkfkgfkqf ;dpfpdfd 7 kdfdgfkQmf, `t[f kIzf 1,2,3,4,5,4,3,2,1 '[fb ;lkfkgfkqf ;dpfpdfd 9 kdfdgfkQmf, `t[f kIzf 1,2,3,4,5,6,5,4,3,2,1 '[fb ;lkfkgfkqf ;dpfpdfd 11 kdfdgfkQmf, `At `DtfT, 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,6,5,4,3,2,1 '[fb ;lkfkgfkqf ;dpfpdfd 13 kdfdgfkQmf `AmkfkpfpDmf. "Z vriAckqilf uqfq ;nftkf kdfdgfkqi[f `Ampfp< oR MkfEka]tfAtEya, Ekayilf ;rttfAtEya otfT ka]pfpDmf. (pdmf 1). 

kdfdgfkqi[f uqfEq, tkfk ecabfkEqa, ecabfebadrfkEqa ;lkfk] MAbpfpd 'ZtpfpdfD, kviAt oR ']f]lgfkarcf citftirmakkf ka]pfpDmf. oR ttfTvtfAtEya `lflT cmykf EkadfpadfAdEya ;gfg[mf  u]rftfTvT 'Ztiy p<lvri[f kviAttf tibAmkfK oR ca[fbaKmf. kbfpvrfkQmf m[mf kqipfp< `Advarfkqf. pakfkAq, :rAccf cIrfkqa[, Etma, p<qima, Pviqmf, kRviqmf '[fpvbfAbkf eka]fd ~ciriypfpavilf `AmpfpT mrp<.
 
                                   
N\lf
                         


                          `R]kiri natrf `Rqiy
 
                         tiRevZkf PbfbiRkfAk
 
                                            (~ciriypfpa)
 
     ORRvakiy tarkpf pirmtf
etaRvAktf Etabfbtf tiRmr epyfti
o[fba eya[fbi yiRvribf Eba[fbi  YMva tayiA[
   ;Rpibpf paqri[f oRv[f ~yiA[
   Oracf ecyfAkyi  [iRAmyi[f M[f[aqf
na[fMk[f KDmi ;Ampfpi[ibf epyrftfT
YMvRmf EpanfT ;Rtaqf Ev]fd ORciAb viDtftA[
    oRenaF yt[ilf ;RciAb myili[f
MnfnI RDtft na[ilmf `wfc nIvlwf ecyftA[
   nalfvAk mRpfpi[f Mmfmttf tiRecvi
oRAkpf epaRpfp[f mkAq EvdfdA[
   oRvAk vFvi[i liRvAktf takiy
Mmfmt[f t[kfK YMtfEta [aki
nalfvayf MktfEta[f _nfTAkkf kdv<qf
`BK VFkf kiAqEya [ayiA[
   _nfetZtf tt[ilf na[fmAb y<]rftfT
Mkfkdf CdriA[ ;RviA[ mRnfTkf ekaRKR vayiA[
  oRnaqf uAm;R MAlpfpa lRnfti
  Mtftmizf virk[f nabfkvi raj[f
  _mfp<lkf kizv[f `BMk [ive[[
'ZtR mzKd[f kZmltf TtitftA[
  `BmI[f pynftA[ _nftR Evnft[f
na[fmAbtf EtabfbtfT MtftAlcf ecwfVdf
 
d[fbi lgfkiri yiRpiq vak oREvlf viDtftA[
  kaviri vdkAr Emviy KRkiri ;Rnft
~ebZtf tnft]rf `FyiA] Epabfb
"rktf tiAbv e[[ ;RnftA[Ey.

 
ptmf piritftlf

Orf uRvakiy tark pirmtfT

oR vAktf EtabfbtfT ;R mrp< 'yfti

o[fbayf o[fbi ;Rvrilf Eta[fbi YMvaT ~yiA[
;R pibpfpaqri[f oRv[f ~yiA[

Oracff ecyfAkyi[f ;RAmyi[f M[f naqf
na[f Mk[f KDmi ;Ampfpi[ilf epyrftfT
YMvRmf EpanfT ;R taqf Ev]fd
oR ciAb viDtftA[

oR enaF `t[ilf ;R ciAb myili[f
MnfnIrf uDtft na[ilmf `wfc nI vlmf ecyftA[
nalf vAk mRpfpi[f MmfmttfT ;R ecvi
oR Akpf epaRpfp[f mkAq EvdfdA[

oRvAk vFvi[ilf ;R vAktfT ~kiy
Mmfmt[f t[kfK YMtfEta[f ~ki
nalf vayf MktfEta[f _nfT Akkf kdv<qf
`BK VFkfK ;AqEya[f ~yiA[

_nfT 'ZtfT `t[ilf na[f mAb u]rftfTmf
Mkfk]f CdriA[ ;R viA[ mRnfTkfK
oR KR ~yiA[

oR naqf uAm tR ;R MAlpf palf `Rnfti
Mtftmizf virk[f nalf kvi raj[f
_mfp<lkf kizv[f `B Mk[f ;v[f '[
'Z tRmf `zKd[f kZmltfT utitftA[

`B mI[f pynftA[ _nf tR Evnft[f
na[f mAbtf EtabfbtfT MtftAl ecmf VdfD
`[fbilf `mf kiri ;R piqvak oR Evlf viDtftA[

kaviri vd kAr Emviy KR kiri ;Rnft
~B 'ZtfT `nft]rf `F ;A]
"rktfT ;Abv[f '[ ;RnftA[Ey.

kdfdgfkqilf ka}mf ']fkqf/ptgfkqf


vriAc 1

']fkqf --- 1
ptgfkqff--- 1 = ORRvakiy tarkpf pirmtf

vriAc 2

']fkqf (;dmiRnfT vlmf)--- 1,2,1 
ptgfkqff ---
1 = oR vAktf EtabfbtfT
2 = ;R mrepyfti
1 = o[fbayf

vriAc 3

']fkqf (;dmiRnfT vlmf)--- 1,2,3,2,1 
ptgfkqf----
1 = o[fbi
2 = ;Rvrilf Eta[fbi
3 = YMvaT ~yiA[
2 = ;R pibpfpaqrf
1 = oRv[f ~yiA[


vriAc 4

']fkqf (;dmiRnfT vlmf)--- 1,2,3,4,3,2,1 
ptgfkqff ----
1 = Oracf ecyfAkyi[f
2 = ;RAmyi[f
3 = M[f[aqf
4 = na[f Mk[f KDmi ;Ampfpi[ilf epyrftfT
3 = YMvRmf EpanfT

2 = ;R taqf Ev]fd
1 = oR ciAb viDtftA[

vriAc 5

']fkqf (;dmiRnfT vlmf)--- 1,2,3,4,5,4,3,2,1 
ptgfkqf---
1 = oR enaF `t[ilf
2 = ;R ciAb myili[f
3 = MnfnIrf uDtft
4 = na[ilmf
5 = `wfc nI vlmf ecyftA[
4 = nalf vAk mRpfpi[f
3 = MmfmttfT
2 = ;R ecvi
1 = oR Akpf epaRpfp[f mkAq EvdfdA[

vriAc 6

']fkqf (;dmiRnfT vlmf)--- 1,2,3,4,5,6,5,4,3,2,1 
ptgfkqf ----
1 = oR vAk vFvi[ilf
2 = ;R vAktfT ~kiy
3 = Mmfmt[f t[kfK YMtfEta[f ~ki
4 = nalfvayf MktfEta[f
5 = _nfT Akkf kdv<qf
6 = `BK VFkfK ;AqEya[f ~yiA[
5 = _nfT 'ZtfT `t[ilf
4 = na[f mAb u]rftfT
3 = Mkfk]f CdriA[
2 = ;R viA[ mRnfTkfK
1 = oR KR ~yiA[

vri Ac 7

']fkqf (;dmiRnfT vlmf)--- 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,6,5,4,3,2,1 
ptgfkqf---
1 = oR naqf uAm
2 = ;R MAlpf palf `Rnfti
3 = Mtftmizf virk[f
4 = nabfkvi raj[f
5 = _mfp<lkf kizv[f
6 = `BMk[f ;v[f '[
7 = 'zilf tR `zKd[f kZmltfT utitftA[
6 = `BmI[f pynftA[
5 = _nftR Evnft[f
4 = na[f mAbtf EtabfbtfT
3 = MtftAl ecmf VdfD `[fbilf `gfkiri
2 = ;R piqvak
1 = oR Evlf viDtftA[

:bfB `Fkqf

kaviri vd kAr Emviy KR kiri ;Rnft
~B 'ZtfT `nft]rf `FyiA[pf Epabfb
"rktfT ;Abv[f '[ ;RnftA[Ey.

pt uAr

vriAc 1

Orf uRvakiy = oR epaRqakiy. tark = pir]vmakiy. pirmtfT = MZ Mtbf epaRqilf.

vriAc 2

oR vAktf Etabfb = oR vAkya[ Etabfbtftilf. ;R mrp< 'yfti = ctfti-civmf '[f{mf ;r]fF[f ;lkfk]Mmf vayftfT. o[fbayf = ta[f oR uRvak.

vriAc 3

o[fbi = epaRnfti. ;Rvrilf Eta[fbi = `nftcf ctfti-civmf '[pfpDmf ;Rvridmf Eta[fbi. YMvaT ~yiA[ = YMpfp< ;lflat ;Aqyv[ak viqgfKki[fbv[f ~[ayf. ;R pibpfpaqri[f = ;R pibpfpaqrf '[f{mf mAbEyarf mrpilf. ORv[f ~yiA[ = opfpbfbv[aktf tikzfnftayf.

vriAc 4

Ora = (pir]vtfti[f epaRAq) `biyamlf. ecyfAkyi[f = (pirm[f) vizitft kar]tftalf. ;RAmyi[f = epRAmy<d[f. M[f[aqf = M[fp< oR naqf.

na[f Mk[f = pirm{Ady. KDmi = KDmiAy. ;Ampfpi[ilf = ;Ampf epaZtilf. epyrftfT = kAlycf ecyfT. YMvRmf EpanfT = `ri, `r[f, ;nftir[f ~kiy YMvRmf u[f[idmf vnfT. ;R taqf Ev]fd = u[T ;r]fD tiRvFkAqpf p]infT MAbyidfD Ev]fd. oR ciAb viDtftA[ = (nI ;dfd) ciAbyi[i[fBmf `nftpf pirmA[ viDvitftayf.

vriAc 5

oR enaF `t[ilf = oR enaFpf epaZtilf. ;R ciAb myililf = ;R epriy cibKkAq uAdy myilf mIT "bi. MnfnIrf uDtft = kdAl ~Adyak uDtfTqfq. na[ilmf `wfc = Kbiwfci, MlfAl, mRtmf, enyftlf '[pfpDmf nalf vAktfta[ ulK pypfpDmfpF. nI vlmf ecyftA[ = nI `At vlmf vnftayf. 

nalf vAk mRpfpi[f = na[fK vAktf tnftgfkAqy<mf. MmfmttfT = MmfmttfAty<mf. ;R ecvi = ;r]fD kaTkAqy<mf. oR Ak = opfpbfb TtikfAk o[fAby<mf eka]fd. epaRpfp[f = mAl Epa[fb _ravttfAt uAdy ;nftir{Ady. mkAq = mkqakiy EtvEcA[Ay. EvdfdA[ = m]mf ecyfT eka]fdayf.

vriAc 6

oR vAk vFvi[ilf = oR vAkya[ yaA[ vFvilf. ;R vAktftakiy = MT kqiB, ;qgfkqiB '[ ;r]fD vAkyakv<mf vrvlfl. Mmfmt[f t[kfK = MmfmttfTd[f vnft yaA[kfK. YMtfEta[aki = YMtftv[aki viqgfki. nalf vayf MktfEta[f = etagfKmf MktfAt uAdyv[akiy. _nfT Akkf kdv<qf = _gfkrkf kdv<qf. `BK VFkfK = `Bkmf p<lfAltf tritftv[akiy k]ptikfK. ;AqEya[f ~yiA[ = tmfpiyak viqgfKki[fbayf. 

_nfT 'ZtfT `t[ilf = _nfetZtftakiy pwfcaXrtfti[f YMlmak. na[f mAb u]rftfTmf = na[fK EvtgfkQmf kdv<qf ;vEr '[ u]rftfTmf. Mkfk]f Cdri[f = YM[fB CdrfkAqtf tmT k]fkqakkf eka]fd. _ = tAlvRmf. ;R viA[ = nlf viA[, tI viA[ '[f{mf ;r]fD viA[kAq ozikfKmf. mRnfTkfK = mRnftayf viqgfKmf civepRma{kfK. oR = opfpbfb. KR ~yiA[ = KRvak `Amnftayf.

vriAc 7

oR naqf = M[fepaR naqf. uAm ;R MAlpfpalf = uma Etviyi[f epRAm vayfnft MAlpf paAl. `Rnfti = pRki. Mtftmizf virk[f = ;ylf, ;Ac, nadkmf '[f{mf Mtftmizilf vlflv[ayf. nabf kvi raj[f = ~C, mTrmf, citftirmf, vitftarmf '[f{mf na[fK vitma[ kvi paDvtiLmf vlflv[ayf. _mfp<lkf kizv[f = _mfp<l[fkAqy<mf t[f vctftilf uAdEya[ayf. `B Mk[f ;v[f '[ = ~BMkkf kdv<Eq ;v[f '[fB yavRmf PBmfpF. 'zilf tRmf `zKd[f = ;qAm viqgfKmf `zKdE[. kZ mltfT utitftA[ = cIkaziyilf (wa[ cmfpnftraktf) Eta[fbi[ayf.

`B mI[f = karftftiAk matrfkqakiy ~B ndfctftirgfkQmf. pynftA[ = epbfb p<tlfv[ak viqgfki[ayf. _nftR Evnft[f = _nfT vAkya[ tRkfkAq uAdy epa[f{lktfTkfK `rc[ak. nalf mAbtf EtabfbtfT = naL vAkya[tayf viqgfkat EtabfbgfkQqf o[fba[Tmf. MtftAlcf ecmf VdfD = Mpfpiriv<kAqkf eka]fd ecvfviy ucfcikf eka]fAdAy uAdyTma[. `[fbilf `gfkiri = `[fbilf  pbAvyi[f epyrf eka]fd kierqwfc mAl. ;R piqvak = ;r]fD piqv< ~KmfpF. oR Evlf viDtftA[ = opfpbfb EvAlcf ecLtfti[ayf.

:bfBpf pKti

kaviri vd kAr Emviy = kaviriyi[f vd kAryilf uqfq. KR kiri = KR mAl '[pfpDmf Cvami mAlyilf. ;Rnft = vIbfbiRkfKmf. ~B 'ZtfT `nft]rf = cdakfkr mnftirmf OTmf `nft]rfkqf. `FyiA[pf Epabfb = u[T tiRvFkAqpf Epabfb. "rktfT ;Abv[f '[ ;RnftA[Ey = tiREvrktfT ;Abv[f '[pf epyRd[f vIbfbiRkfki[fbayf.

CRkfk uAr

(MRka)  nI pir]vpf epaRqf. MZ Mtlilf _nfT MktfEtaD `Eta MkMmf Ecrfnft civtfti[f Etabfbtftilf, ctfti-civmf '[fb ;r]fF[f ;lkfk]Mmf eka]fD, YMpfp< ;lflat ;Aqyv[ak ~yiA[. ;Rpibpfpaqra[ `nft]rf Kltfti[ilf opfpbfbv[ayiA[. pir]vtfti[f epaRAq `biyat kar]tftalf pirmA[tf t]fFtftayf. `ri, `r[f, ;nftir[f ~kiy YMvRmf u[f[idmf MAbyid, `nftpf pirmA[cf ciAbyi[i[fBmf viDvitftayf.

oR enaFpf epaZtilf myili[f Emlf "bi kdlf Vzfnft ulAk vlmf vnftayf. MmfmtgfkAqkf eka]fd _ravttfAt uAdy ;nftir[f mkqa[ EtvEcA[Ay m]nftayf. yaA[ Mk vinayk{kfK ;Aqyv[ak viqgfKki[fbayf. _nfetZtfti[f YMlmf na[fK EvtgfkQmf kdv<qf ;vE[ '[fB u]rftfTmf civepRma{kfK oR KRvak ;RnfT upEtcitftayf. uma Etviyi[f MAlpf paAl u]fD, nabf kvi paDmf vlflv[akv<mf, _mfp<l[fkAq `dkfk vlflv[akv<mf, ~BMk EvEq '[fBmf yavRmf Pbipf p<kZmf ;qAmy<dv[akv<mff, kZmltftilf wa[cmfpnftrak `vtritftayf.

karftftiAkpf ep]fkQkfKpf p<tlfv[ak viqgfki[ayf. kierqwfci mAlAy ;R piqv<kqakpf piqkfKmfpF EvAlcf ecLtfti[ayf. kaviriyi[f vd kAryilf uqfq Cvami mAlyilf u[T tiR mnftirma[ Kmaray nm '[f{mf cdakfkrtfAt OTmf `nft]rfkqf u[fA[pf Epabfb, "rktfT ;Abv[f '[f{mf tiRpfepyRd[f vIbfbiRkfki[fbayf.
 
ttfTvpf epaR]fAm

tiRwa[ cmfpnftrf, tiRmgfAk ~zfvarf, `R]kiri natrf ~kiEyarf `Rqiy tiRevZkf PbfbiRkfAkAycf cbfB PrfnfT Enakfki[alf, oR cil ttfTvpf epaR]fAmkqf evqipfpDmf. 


YMvRmf MZ Mtbf epaRQkfKtf tmkfK uknft MAbyilf tiRnamtfAtcf VdfF, `T o[fba[Et '[fb  u]rfAv vliy<Btfti uqfq[rf. ;Et kRtfAt m]ivackRmf pkrfnfTqfqarf.
(oRv[f '[f{mf oRv[f ka]fk
viri epazilf MZtayf virinfEta[f ka]fk)---tiRvackmf (tiRv]fdpf pKti 43-44).
 
o[fba[ emyfepaRqi[f ;Ab K]gfkAqy<mf (vip>tikAq) viqkfkiy<qfqarfkqf. pkvtf kIAtyilf PbpfpDmf (10, 20-40) vip>tikqi[f CRkfkgfkAqy<mf :]fD ka]lamf. emyfpf epaRAq u]r _mfp<l[fkAq `dkfki, YMvaAckAq ozitfT, `knfAtAy `kbfbi, MmfmlgfkAq nIkfki, n[fe[biyilf oZk Ev]fDmf.                     

`R]kiri natrf tmkfK emyfwfwa[mf `qitft MRkpf epRmaA[ MZ Mtbf epaRqakkf eka]fdarf. k]ptiyi[f tmfpi '[fpTmf, ta[f pir]vtfAt upEtcitft civ{kfK mk[f '[fpTmf, pC wa[tftalf mdfDmf ;Ab u]rfv< kidfdaT, `tbfKpf pti wa[mf Ev]fDmf '[f{mf citftanftkf kRtfT epatinfT kidkfki[fbT.  _nfetZtfT mnftirtftalf ;R viA[kAqkf kAqylamf '[fpTmf u]rftftpfpdfdT. tiRmali[f mRkE[ '[fpT civ-Av]v oRAmpfpadfAd viqkfKmf. ckfti EvAlcf ecLtftiyT `wfwa[tfAty<mf, `knfAtAyy<mf `zipfpAtkf KbikfKmf. MRkE[ tiRwa[ cmfpnftrak `vtritftarf '[fpT, MRk{Ady tmizfpf p<lAmAyy<mf, _mfp<l[f `dkfKmf tibA[y<mf KbikfKmf.  

 

                      Thiru ezhu kURRirukkai
                             (tiR 'ZkfPbfbiRkfAk)

Thiru ezhukUttrikkai is a Thamizh literary genre in which a mythological and/or metaphysical concept is presented in a pictorial format. Numbers from one to seven are arranged inside squares in a increasing and decreasing order. The numerical and descriptive details of the concept are skillfully interwoven with each other and maneuvered to be placed inside these squares resulting into a cohesive verse.

The squares containing the phrases and numbers are set up in rows containing increasing and decreasing numbers to give the appearance of a triangle or a south Indian temple car. There is one square in the first row which lies at the apex of the triangle. This square is designated as number one. The next lower row contains 3 squares designated, from left to right, 1,2 and 1 respectively; the third row contains 5 squares designated 1,2,3,2 and 1 respectively; the fourth row contains 7 squares designated from left to right 1,2,3,4,3,2,and 1; the fifth row contains 9 squares designated 1,2,3,4,5,4,3,2, and 1; the sixth row contains 11 squares designated 1,2,3,4,5,6,5,4,3,2 and 1 respectively; the seventh row, which lies at the base of the triangle, contains 13 squares designated 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,6,5,4,3,2 and 1 respectively.

The versification in Thiru ezu kURRirukkai is set up in  AciriappA, (~ciriypfpa), in which the sequence of the model syllables (`Ac), nEr (Enrf) and nirai (niAr), occur by themselves or in a serial combination of two. The proficiency of  poets in the field of artistic literature (citftirkf kvi) is judged by the quality of the graphic presentation of the literary material. ThirugnAna sambanthar , Thirumangai AzhwAr and aruNagiri nAthar are renowned composers in this genre of Thamizh literature.

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