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             `R]kiri natrf `Rqiy
 

                               knftrf `nftati
 

               (pakmf 5) (padlf 81 - 100)
 
81.
cikavl v[fpri tpfpaD ecyfy<wfecvf Evlvilwf
cikavl v[fpri v>rarf mt[itf tilwfclra
cikavl v[fpri ygfkgf Kzlfepbfb Etemazivwf
cikavl v[fpri ya[l m[fbiLnf et[fbLEm.

ptmf piritftlf
cikavl `[fprf ;tpfpaD ecyfy<mf ecvfEvl ;lwfci
kavl v[fpri Urarf mt[f nitftilmf clraci
ka `lv[f priygfkmf Kzlf epbfb Et emazi vwfci
kav< `l v[f pri `[lmf `[fbiLmf et[fbLEm.

pt uAr

cikavl = myilf vak[E[ `[fprf = `FyarfkQkfK. ;tpfpaD ecyfy<mf = ;[f[Rqf ecyfki[fb. ecvfEvl = `zkiy Evlay<ttfAt uAdyvE[.  ;lwfci kavl = ;lwfcipf ptiAykf kapfpvE[.

v[fpriv>rarf = '[fA[pf pzi T\bfBmf ;vfv>ri[rakiy ekaFyvrfkQmf. mt[f = m[fmt{mf. nitftilmf = MtfT viAqki[fb. clraci = kdLmf.

ka = EcaAly<mf. `lv[f = cnftir{mf. priygfkmf = kdfFLmf. Kzlf = p<lflagf KzLmf. epbfb = '[fA[pf epbfbvqakiy. Et emazi = ;[iy emaziAyy<Ady. vwfci = tayi[f.

kav< = kavLmf. `l = ;Avkqf 'lflamf epritlfl. v[f = vliy. pri `[lmf = (pri=KtiAr, `[lmf = enRpfp<) vdvaMk `kfki[i Epa[fB vRtfTki[fb[. `[fbiLmf = (kam[i[f ci[f[gfkqakiy) `[f[pf pbAvy<mf. et[fbLmf = `v{Ady Etrakiy et[fblf kabfBmf. (" = `Ac)
 
(`[fbiLmf et[fbLmf - 'Zvayf. priya[lmf - py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

myilf vak[E[, `FyarfkQkfK `RQmf Evlay<tE[. ;lwfcipfptiAykf kapfpvE[. '[fA[pf pzi PBmf ekaFyrfkqakiy UraraLmf, kam[aLmf, kdlaLmf, EcaAlyi[aLmf, kdfFli[aLmf,
EvyfgfKzlaLmf, tayi[f kavlaLmf u]fdaKmf T[fpmf epritlfl. m[fmt[i[f ci[f[gfkqakiy `[f[Mmf et[fbLEm '[fA[ vdvaMkkfki[i Epa[fB vRtfTki[fb[. ~Akyalf '[kfK `Rqf ecyfy Ev]fDmf.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. ;lwfci kavl...
(;lgfK trtmizf viqgfk vRtiR
;lwfci mRviy epRmaEq) --- tiRpfp<kzf (krgfkml)
~. pri `[lmf....
vdvaMkkfki[i = ep]f KtiAr vFEvaD kdLkfKqff tgfkiyiRnfT Uzi MFvilf EmEl kiqmfpi ulktfAt 'ritfT viDvtakkf kRtpfpDmf tI. vdAv = ep]f KtiAr (pigfkl nik]fD).
 
 
82.
et[fbAl ymfp< p<A[varf Kmar timirMnfnIrftf
et[fbAl ymfp<y mi[fEka mRk ecZmAbEtrf
et[fbAl ymfp< ckp> trevri cinftim[fblf
et[fbAl ymfp< pDenbi Epay<yirf tIrfkfki[fbEt.

ptmf piritftlf

et[f tAl `mfp< p<A[varf Kmar timir MnfnIrf
et[f tAl `mfp<ymf mi[f Eka mRk ecZ mAb Etrf
et[fbAl `mf p<ck p>tr 'ri cinfti m[fblf
et[fblf _ymfp< pD enbi Epayf uyirf tIrfkfki[fbEt.

pt uAr

et[f = v]fDkqf ;Ac paDki[fb. tAl = tAlyilf. `mfp< = kgfAkAy. p<A[varf = `]iy<mf civepRma{Ady. Kmar = AmnftE[. timir = ;Rqf nibMAdy. MnfnIrf = kdlf Vzfnft.

et[f = `zkiy. tAl (mi[f) = p>EtvikfKmf. `mfp<ymf mi[f= ecnftamArpf p>vilf vcikfKmf cIEtvikfKmf. Eka = nayk[a[ tiRmali[f. mRk = mRkE[. ecZ = ecZAm tagfkiy. mAb Etrf = na[fK EvtgfkQmf Ttikfki[fb.

et[fbAl = etbfkiflff uqfq. `mf = `zkiy. p<ck = pamfp< Epa[fb. p>tr = tiRcf ecgfEkadfD mAltf tAlvE[. 'ri = enRpfAp . cinfti = ekadfFkf eka]fD. m[fblf = vacA[ Etayfnft.

et[fblf = et[fblf kabfB. _ymfp< = ('[f udlilf m[fmt[i[f) _nfT pa]gfkQmf. pD = Attft. enbi = p<]f vziEy. Epayf = NAznfT. uyirf tIrfkfki[fbEt = '[f{yiAr (vRtfti) nIkfKki[fbT. (" = `Ac)

(et[fblf - 'Zvayf. tIrfkfki[fbT - py[iAl)
 
CRkfk uAr

kgfAk VFy civepRma{Ady AmnftE[. p>Etvi cIEtvi ~kiyvrfkqi[f nayk[a[ tiRmali[f mRkE[. Evtgfkqf Ttikfki[fb pamfp< Epa[fb tiRcf ecgfEkadfD mAlyilf vazfpvE[. kam pa]mf Attft p<]f vziEy et[fblf kabfB '[f udlilf NAznfT uyiAr vRtfTki[fbT.
 

83.
tIra kml clikit Epak em[tfetqinfTnf
tIra kml em[kR tatet[f EcyvN\lf
tIra kml Kkrmf epaBpfp e[[tftiRkfk]f
tIra kml mrEv kRkcf civnftvE[.

ptmf piritftlf

tIra kml c likit Epakmf '[ etqinfTmf
tI rakmf `lmf '[ kRtaT '[f Ecyf `vmf N\lf
tIrf ~km lK krmf epaBpfp[f '[ tiRkfk]f
tI rakmf `lmf `rEv kRk civnftvE[.

pt uAr

tIra = nIgfkaT. kml = tiRmali[f napikf kmltftilf. c = Eta[fbiy pirm[f. likit Epakem[ = 'Ztiy tAlvitipf EpB '[fB. etqinfTmf = `binftiRnfTmf.

tI = '[f `biva[T. rakmf = ;cfAcyalf. `lmf '[ = ;[iytlfl '[fB. kRtaT = cinftiyatT. '[f = '[f[ kar]mf ? Ecyf = Kmarkf kdv<Eq. `vmf = py[ilflat. N\lf = catftirgfkAq.

tIrf = nIgfkiy. ~km = T\yfAmya[ ~kmmf uArtftvE[. lK = (`kfki[iya[v[f, ;pfepabi) `bfpma[T. krmf = Akyilf. epaBpfp[f = tagfkikf ekaqfEv[f. '[ = '[fB ecalfl. tiRkf k]f = u[T cibnft viziyi[alf.

tI = `nft `kfki[iyi[f. rakmf = kir]mf civnft nibemlflamf. `lmrEv = vRtftMbfEb. kRk = kRKmfpF. civnftvE[ = EkapitftvE[.(" = `Ac)
 
( `biv< - 'Zvayf. kRtatet[f - py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

Kmarkf kdv<Eq. T\yfAmya[ Evt ~kmgfkAq uArtftvE[. ;nftkf k[lf `bfpma[T, Akyilf tagfkikf ekaqfQEv[f '[fB v[fAm Epciy `kfki[i, vIB `dgfki udlf kRkkf Ekapitft viziAy uAdyvE[. tiRmali[f kmltftilf Eta[fbiy pirm[f 'Ztiy tAlvitipf EpB '[fB `binftiRnfTmf '[f `biv<, ~Ac py[f pDvtlfl '[fB cinftikfkat kar]mf '[f[ ?
 
viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. tIrf ~km lK krmf epaBpfp[f.......
Evtakmmf uArtftT wa[cmfpnftrayftf Etvarmf paFyAtkf KbikfKmf. cmfpnftrf `Rqiy EtvartfAtcf CRtitf tmizfkfkvi, ~r] kIt kviAt, upnid mTr kviAt, enbikaviycf civ N\lf, ~km Evt p<ra] N\lf, Evtkf kvi, mAb N\lf '[feblflamf `R]kiriyarff tiRpfp<kzilf cibpfpitfTqfqarf.
~. lK krmf epaBpfp[f '[tf tiRkfk]f.....
tIkfkdv<qf (~BMkpf epRma[akiy) epabikAqtf tagfkMFyaT tvitftT.
(tIyi[f p]f]v[f EvrftfTdlf p<zgfKb emlivilf tagfkiEy, EprftfetaR ptmidpf epbaT vlfAlEpayf, ~rftftiD kgfAkyi[f `ktfTyftf ta[Era) --- knftp<ra]mf  1-11-85.
 

84.
civciv cgfkr Evla y<ttiA[ vwfciKbiwf
civciv cgfkr vamyilf vIr ecknftiRkfk]f
civciv cgfkr maAv ey{nftib ElayfepaAbva
civciv cgfkr ma[fpdfd vaevaqi Ecrfnftpi[fE[.

ptmf piritftlf

civ civ cmf kr Evlay<t tiA[ vwfci Kbiwfci
vci vcmf krva myilfvIr eckmf tiR k]f
civ civ cgfkr maAv '{mf tibElayf epaAb vaci
vcivcmf kr ma[f pdfdv oqi Ecrfnft pi[fE[.

pt uAr

civ = "kpf epaRqa[. civ = civ[idtftilf. cmf = Eta[fbiy. kr = tiRkfkrtftilf. Evlay<t = Evlay<ttfAt uAdy MRkE[. tiA[ = tiA[pf p<[tfAty<Ady. vwfci = ep]f]akiy. Kbiwfci = Kbiwfci niltftilf.

vci = vaZmf vqfqi naykiyi[f. vcmf krva = pkfktfAt vidfD `klat. myilf vIr = myiElBwf EcvkE[. eckmf = ulkilf. tiR = cibnft. k]f = viziyi[alf.

civ = EkapitfT. civ = EkapitfT. cgfkr = 'lflavbfAby<mf `zikfki[fb. maAv = (Vr[f uRkf eka]fd) mamrtfAt. '{mf = '[fB Evlay<ttfAt "v<mf. tibElayf = vIrE[. epaAb vaci = miKnft epaBAmey[f{mf pa]tfti[f.

vcivcmf = PrfAmyidtftilf. kr = Ekapmf '[f{mf. ma[f pdfdv = miRkgfkqf viZnfT vidfd[. oqi = u[T tiRvRqa[ oqi. Ecrfnft pi[fE[ = '[f[ilf klnftv<d[f. (" = `Ac)

(krma[f - 'Zvayf. pdfd - py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

"kpf epaRqa[ civ[T AmnftE[. Priy Evlay<ttfAt uAdyvE[ tiA[pf p<[tftilf vazfki[fb vqfqi naykE[. myilf "Bmf vIrE[. mavFvayf ni[fb VrA[ ev[fb vIrE[. ni[f tiRvRqi[f oqiyalf '[T Ekapmf '[f{mf miRkmf epaBAm '[f{mf ~y<ttftalf `zinft t[fAmyT ~yibfB.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. vci vcmf kr ma[f...
(niAby<AdAm nIgfkaAm Ev]fFlf epaAby<AdAm
Epabfbi oZkpf pDmf)--- tiRkf Kbqf 154.
 
 
85.
Ecnft mratfTdrf ta[vrf EcA[Aytf et]fFArkfk]f
Ecnft mratfTd[f eka[fbecvf Evl tiRMFEmbf
Ecnft mratfTd rcfVF Amnft tiAqtftiAqtfEt[f
Ecnft mratfTd ri[f[ari ey[f{micf EcBp<kfEk.

ptmf piritftlf
Ecnft mratfTdrf ta[vrf EcA[Ay etqf tiAr k]f
EcnfT ` mratfTd[f eka[fb ecvfEvl tiRMF Emlf
Ec ;nfT `mf `ra Tqf tr VF Amnft tiAqtfT ;AqtfEt[f
Ec tmra Tdrf ;lf nari '[f{mf ;cfEcB p<kfEk.
 
pt uAr

Ecnft = knftE[. mratfTdrf = kdpfp maliAkAy tritfT. ta[vrf EcA[Ay = `rkfkrf PdfdgfkAq. etqf tiAr = etqinft `AlAy uAdy kdlilf.

k]f EcnfT = vizikqf civnft. ` mratfTd[f = `nft mamrmayf ni[fb Vr{d[f. eka[fb = vAtecyft. ecvfEvl = civnft Evlay<ttfAt uAdyvE[. tiR MF Emlf = `zkiy tAlyilf

Ec = ;qAmya[. ;nfT = nilaAvy<mf. `mf = (kgfAk) nIAry<mf. `ra = pamfApy<mf. Tqf = TqfqAl. tr = ekaDkfKmfpF. VF = tritft civepRma{Ady. Amnft = mkE[.

tmra = Cbfbtftarak. Tdrf= pbfbiy. ;lf = mA[ vazfkfAk. nari = ep]f]aAc. '[f{mf = '[fB ecalflpfpdfd. ;cfEcB = ;nft Ecbfbilf. p<kfEk = p<KnfT. (" = `Ac). tiAqtfT = YMzfki. ;AqtfEt[f = emlinfT vRnftiE[[f. Ec = '[fA[kf katfT `Rqfvayf.

(nI - Eta[fba 'Zvayf. Ec - py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

kdpfp maAlAypf p<A[nft knftpf epRmaE[. kdlilf mamrmayf ni[fb VrE[aD `Crrf kiAqAy ozitftvE[. piAbcf cnftirA[y<mf, kgfAkAyy<mf, pamfApy<mf ~pr]maktf tritft civepRma{Ady mkE[. '[fA[cf VzfnfTqfq Cbfbtftarf, mA[vi, mA[ '[f{mf Ecbfbilf YMzfki vRnfti ;AqtfEt[f. ;[iyakiLmf '[fA[kf kapfpabfbi `Rq Ev]fDmf.
 

86.
EcbAltf tabAlkf kpfpa elZnfT ecZgfkMkibf
EcbAltf tabAlkf Kwfecnfti layfcinfAt tIenbiyibf
EcbAltf tabAltf tIrfkfKgf Kmar tiriyviA[cf
EcbAltf tabAlkf ktftK Emaemyftf tibgfk]fDEm.

ptmf piritftlf

EcB `AltfT ~B `AlkfK `pfpalf 'ZnfT ecZmf kMkilf
Eclf tAl taB `AlkfKmf ecnftilayf cinfAt tI enbiyilf
EcbAl taB `Al tIrfkfKmf Kmar tiriy viA[
EcB `AltfT ~bAlkfk tKEma emyf tibmf k]fDEm.

pt uAr

EcB `AltfT = EcbfAb uzkfki. ~B = ~bfbi[i[fBmf. `AlkfK `pfpalf 'ZnfT = `AlkQkfK Emlf 'Zmfpi. ecZmf kMkilf = ecZAm tgfkiy kMk mrtftilf.

Eclf = EcbfBkf ek]fAd mI[f. tAl = `kf kMk mrtfti[f tAlyilf ;Rkfki[fb. taB = KAlkAq. `AlkfKmf = `Acy AvkfKmf vqpfptfAt uAdy. ecnftilayf = tiRcf ecnftilf naykE[. cinfAt = '[f m[mf. tI enbiyilf = ekaFy marfkfktftilf.

EcbAl = eclfLtAly<mf. taB = `qvilflat. `Al = `wfwa[ ;RAq. tIrfkfKmf = nIkfki `RQki[fb. Kmar = Kmarkf kdv<Eq.
emyftf tibmf = u[T `Rqi[f u]fAmtf tibtfAt. k]fDEm = k]fD `TEv pbfbak ;Rkfk ']f}ki[fb '[fA[.(" = `Ac)

tiriy = maBpDmfpF. viA[ = ;R viA[yakiy. EcB = Ecbfbilf. `AltfT = T[fppfpDtfti. ~bAlkfktf tKEma = vzipfpbipfEparf Epalf '[f{yiArkf kvrtf tKEma ?

(nI - Eta[fba 'Zvayf. ~bAlkfktf tKEma - py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

Eclf mI[fkqf EcbfAb uzkfki ~bfbi[i[fBmf `AlkQkfK Emlf 'Zmfpikf kMki[f KAlAy `Acy AvkfKmf vqpfpMAdy ecnftibf ptiEyaE[. `FyarfkqT `wfwa[ ;RAq nIkfki `vrfkAq n[fe[biyilf ecLtfTmf Kmarkf kdv<Eq. u[f[Rqi[f tibtfAtkf k]fdbinft '[fA[ ;RviA[cf Ecbfbi{qf pDtftlaKEma ?

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. taB `Al tIrfkfKmf Kmar...
(mkmaAy kAqnftid vlflpira[f
MkmaB emazinfT emazinf tilE[)---- knftr{p>ti 5.
 

87.
tibmfpa Dvrft]f p<[tfetyfv Emey[fprf EcttfTmanf
tibmfpa DvrfMT nIer[kf kayfpvrf ecnftiA[Emlf
tibmfpa Dvritzf k]fDR kanibfprf ecpfp<bcfecnf
tibmfpa Dvri livrfvlf lvrfnwf ecylfekaqfqEv.

ptmf piritftlf

tibmf paDvrf t]f p<[ etyfvEm '[fprf EcttfT manf
tibmf paD uvrf MT nIrf '[ kayfpvrf ecmf tiA[Emlf
tibmfpaqf Tvrf ;tzf k]fD uRka nibfprf ecpfp<b ecnftilf
tmfpaD vrilf ;vrf vlflvrf nmf ecylf ekaqfqEv.

pt uAr

tibmf = nmT evbfbiAy. paDvrf = Ttikfki[fbarf. t]f = Kqirfnft. p<[ etyfvEm = p<[tftilf vaZmf kdv<qf t[fAm vayfnft ep]fE]. '[fprf = '[fB `Azkfki[fbarf (`vrf yarf '[ilf). EcttfT = EkdfAdy<Ady.

manftibmf = vliAm epaRnftiy mamrmayf ni[fb Vr[f t[f kiAqEyaD. paD = `zinfta[f. uvrf = uvrfpfp<cf CAv uAdy. MT = pzAmyakiy. nIrf = kdlilf. '[ = '[fB Etvrfkqf ecalfLmfpF. kayfpvrf = vAttftvrf ~Kmf. ecmf = civnft. tiA[Emlf = tiA[pf p<[tfti[f k]f.

tibmfpaqf = nIgfkaT ;Rkfki[fb vqfqi naykiEy, (u[T). Tvrf = pvqmf Epa[fb. ;tzf k]fD = utdfAdpf parftfTkf Eka]fEd. uRka nibfprf = m[MRki nibfki[fbarf. ecpfp<b = "Eta oR varftfAt ecalfLvtbfkak. ecnftilf = tiRcf ecnftibf pti '[f{mf.

tmfpaD = tmfmidtftilf. vrilf = vRvra[alf. ;vrf = ;pfpFpfpdfdvrf. vlflvrf = camrftftiyEr. nmf ecylf = nmT upcar ecyfAkAy. ekaqfqEv = epbfBkf ekaqfvtbfK. (" = `Ac)

(;vrf - 'Zvayf. vlflvrf - py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

EtaziEy, kdlilf Vr[f kiAqEyaD `zinftae[[fB Etvrfkqf ecalfLmfpF vAttftvrf vnfT "Eta oR varftfAt ecalfLmf epaRdfD ;gfEk nmT evbfbiAypf p<kzfki[fbarf. p<[tfetyfvEm '[fB `Azkfkibarf. tiA[pf p<[tftiliRkfKmf u[T pvq nibmf Epa[fb ;tAzpf parftfT m[T uRki nibfki[fbarf. ;vrf tmT ecnftibf ptiyilf vRvara[alf namf ecyfy<mf p]iviAdAypf epb vlflvrftamf.
;T Etazi em[f emaziyabf Pblf '[f{mf TAb.
 
 
88.
ecylgfAk vaAq yiAbEkayi Alcfciv [arMAtcf
ecylgfAk vaAq M[ieka]fdlf vaqiAytf Etvrfpira[f
ecylgfAk vaAq MA[EvAl y[f[vicf Ecy<Aby<wf
ecylgfAk vaAq y<kqfecnftilf vazfpvqf EclfviziEy.

ptmf piritftlf

ecylf `mf Ak vaqf _ ;Ab EkayiAl civ[arf `MAt
ecy lgfAk vaAq M[i eka]fdlf vaqiAy Etvrf pira[f
ecylf `mf Ak vaAq MA[ EvAl `[f[ ;cfEcyf uAby<mf
ecyf `lmf Ak vaAq ukqf ecnftilf vazfpvqf Eclf viziEy.
 
pt uAr

ecylf = Ecbfbilf u]fdaki[fb. `mf = `zkiy. Ak = opfpbfb. vaqf = oqi epaRnftiy. _ = Em[fAmya[. ;Ab = pirm[i[f. EkayiAl = ~lymakiy tamArAyy<mf. civ[arf `MAt = civepRma[i[f vidtfAty<mf.

ecy = evbfbi epaRnftiy. lgfAk vaAq = ;lgfka p<riyi[f oqi `zAk. M[i = Ekapitft. eka]fdlf = Emk nibtfAt uAdy ;ram{Ady. vaqiAy = pa]tfAty<mf. Etvrf pira[f = Etvrfkqi[f tAlv[a[ ;nftir{Ady.

ecylf = Eparf p<riki[fb. `mf Ak = `zkiy Akyilf pbfbiy. vaAq = vaqay<ttfAty<mf. MA[ EvAl = PrfAm epaRnftiy Evlay<ttfAty<mf. ;cfEcyf uAby<mff = ;nftkf Kmarkf kdv<qf `mrfnftRqiy.

ecyf = vyAl uZki[fb. `lmf = klpfApAy. Ak = EkapitfT Emati. vaAq = vaAq mI[fkqf. ukqf = p<rQki[fb. ecnftilf = tiRcf ecnftibff ptiyilf. vazfpvqf = vaZmf ep]f]i{Ady. Eclf viziEy = Ecbf ek]fAd Epa[fb k]fkqf ;r]fDmf. `[f[ = otfT viqgfKmf.
(" = `Ac)

(vizi = 'Zvayf. `[f[ = py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

Kmarkfkdv<qf `mrfnftRqiy tiRcf ecnftibf ptiyilf vaZmf ep]f]i[f k]fkqf pirm{kfK uAbvidmakiy tamArAyy<mf, civepRma{Ady vidtfAty<mf, ;lgfAkAy `ziftft ;ramRAdy pa]tfAty<mf, ;nftir[f AkvaAqy<mf, MRk[f AkyiLqfq Prf EvAly<mf otfT viqgfKki[fb[.
 
 
89.
EcAlyi laRnf tv[fVl Embcf ci[tftv[fk]f
fEcAlyi laRnf tivE[abf pAvyr cinftiriycf
EcAlyi laRmf prapri p<kfKbcf cikfek{micf
EcAlyi laRnf tiAbyidf d[rftgfkqf citftgfkEq.

ptmf piritftlf

EcAl ;larf unfT ` v[f Vlmf "b ci[tftv[f k]f
Eclf _yilf ~rf unfti v[ ubfpAv `rC ;nftiriy
EcAl ;larf umfprf ~p rip< Kb cikfek{mf ;cf
EcAlyilf ~Rmf tiAbyidfd[rf tgfkqf citftgfkEq.

pt uAr

EcAl = `Ecak mrtfAt. ;larf = vaZmf ;dmak uAdy `m]rfkAq. unfT = uyrfnft. ` = `nft. v[f Vlmf = vliy kZvilf. "b ci[tftv[f = "bi `zikfKmfpF wa[cmfpnftrak vnfT, Etvarmf paF ev[fbv[f. k]f = vizikqf.

Eclf = Ecbf ek]fAdkfKmf. _yilf = EvLkfKmf. ~rf = opfpakiy. unfti = kadfdabfAb uAdy. v[ ubfpAv = v[tftilf utitft vqfqi naykikfK. `rC = tAlv[a[ Kmarkf kdv<qf. ;nftiriycf EcAl = _nfT epabikqi[f ecyfAkkAq.

;larf = nIkfkiy tvtfEtarfkQkfKmf. umfprf = EtvrfkdfKmf. ~p = T[fptfAt viAqtft. rip< = pAkv[akiy VrA[. Kb = enritfT. cikfek{mf = ;Bkfkikf kdfFy.

;cfEcAlyilf = epa[f[alakiy pdfdaAdyilf. ~Rmf = matrfkeqlflamf. tgfkqf citftgfkEq = tgfkQAdy uqfqgfkAq. tiAb ;dfd[rf = kpfpmakkf ekaDtftarfkqf. (" = `Ac)

(~Rmf = 'Zvayf. tiAbyidfd[rf = py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

wa[cmfpnftrak `vtritfTcf cm]rfkAqkf kZEvBmfpF ecyftv{mf vqfqinaykikfKtf tAlv{mf ~kiy Kmarkf kdv<qf, tvtfEtarf, Etvrfkqff MtliEyaAr vRtftiy pAkv[a[ VrA[ evlfLmfpF `zkiy `Aryilf kdfFy epa[f[aAdyilf matrfkeqlflamf tgfkqf uqfqgfkAqkf kpfpmakkf ekaDtftarfkqf.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. ;cfEcAlyilf ~Rmf tiAbyidfd[rf....
(matrfkqi[f uqfqgfkAqkf knft[f kvrfnftarf '[fpT epaRqf.
('[f uqfqmf kvrfvralf `[fE[ '[f{mf) --- tiRvackmf (`[fA[pfptfT)7.
(EtaDAdy ecviy[f viAd "bi....'[f uqfqmf kvrf kqfv[f) -- cmfpnftrf Etvartf tiRMAb 1-1-1.

 

90.
citfttf trgfktftrf citftieyyf ttftiri ki[fbet[f[afcf
citfttf trgfktftrf cnftti Eyecnfti layfclra
citfttf trgfktft rkfkArcf ecbfbknf tatigfkqiwf
citfttf trgfktftrf Ecya r]tftnf tikiriAyEy.

ptmf piritftlf

citft trgfktftrf citfti 'yft tiriki[fbT '[f `rfcfcitfT
`tftrf `gfktftrf cnfttiEy ecnftilayf clraci
ttftrmf ktfT `rkfkAr ecbfb knfta tigfkqf ;wfci
ttfT `rgfktftrf Ecyf ~r] tnfti kiri _ ".

pt uAr
 
citft = m[mf. trgfktftarf = niAlpfpdamlf `AlEpalf p<rQnf t[fAm uAdyvrf. citfti = vIdfDpf EpbfAb. 'yft = `Ady<mfpF. tiriki[fbT = `AlnfT tiriki[fbT. '[f = '[f[ kar]mf. `rfcfcitfT = p>Ac ecyfT.

`tftrf = kdv<qakiy. `gfktftrf = 'Lmfp< maAl `]inft civepRma{Ady. cnfttiEy = AmnftE[. ecnftilayf = tiRcf ecnftibf ptiEyaE[. clraci = kdlilf.

ttftrmf = tgfkqf tgfkqf vliAmAy. ktfT = ~rfpfpritfTcf ecalfliy. `rkfkAr = `CrAr. ecbfb = ev[fb. knfta = MRkE[. tigfkqf = cnftir[f. ;wfci = mtili[f Emlf.

ttfT = tvZki[fb. `rgfktftarf = tiRvrgfk natRAdy. Ecyf = piqfAqyakiy pirm[i[f. ~r] = Evtmf p>cikfki[fb. tnfti = pamfp< Epa[fb. kiri = tiRcf ecgfEkadfD mAlyilf vaZmf. _ = kdv<Eq. (" = `Ac)
 
(tiriki[fbT - 'Zvayf. '[f - py[iAl. )

CRkfk uAr

civepRma{Ady AmnftE[. tiRcf ecnftilf ptikfKtf tAlvE[. kdlilf `rkfkAr `zitftvE[. knftE[. pirm[i[f mAbkAqpf p>cikfki[fb tiRcf ecgfEkadfD mAlyilf vazfki[fbvE[. citftmf niAl `bfbvrfkqf vIdfDpf EpbfAb `Ady<mfpF evqipf p>Ac ecyfTmf m[mf `AlnfT tiriki[fbT. '[f[ kar]mf ?

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. citfttf trgfktftrf citfti 'yft....
m[mf oDgfKvT tiriy<mf t[fAm uAdyT. `At `dkfk Ev]fDmf.
(Akeya[fB ecyfy vizieya[fB nadkf kRtfeta[feb]f]pf
epayfeya[fB vwfck naeva[fB Epcpf p<lalf kmZmf
emyfeya[fB carcf ecvieya[fB Ekdfk viRmfp<miya[f
ecyfki[fb p>Aceyvf vaBekaqf vayfviA[ tIrftftvE[) -- pdfF[tftarf epaT 4.
 
 
91.
tikiri vlmfp<ri mabfkri yarfkfKp Etcwfeca[f[
tikiri vlmfp<ri ecyfya rilwfciecnf T\rfk[tnf
tikiri vlmfp<ri EvBmf pAdtftRqf Ecyft]iyilf
tikiri vlmfp<ri VFy van[fB EcFyi[fEb.

ptmf piritftlf

tikiri vlmf p<ri mabfK `riyarfkfK upEtcmf eca[f[
tikiri vlmfp<ri ecyf ~rf ;lwfci ecnfT\rf k[ tnfti
kiri vlmf p<ri EvBmf pAdtfT `Rqf Ecyf t]iyilf
tikiri vlmfp<ri VFyva n[fB EcF ;[fEb.

pt uAr

tikiri = ckfray<ttfAt. vlmf = vlT krtftilf. p<ri = tritft. mabfK = tiRmaLkfK. `riyarfkfK = `bitbfK `rita[ civepRma{kfK. upEtcmf eca[f[ = Ogfkarpf epaRAq upEtcmf ecyftRqiy.

tikiri = Cvami mAl '[f{mf tiREvrktfAty<mf. vlmfp<ri = cgfki[gfkqf. ecyf = vylfkqilf. ~rf = niAbnftiRkfki[fb. ;lwfci = tiRvilwfcipf ptiAyy<mf. ecnfT\rf = tiRcf ecnfT\Ary<mf. k[ = Emkgfkqf tvZmf. tnfti = pamfp< Epa[fb.
kiri = tiRcf ecgfEkadfD mAlAyy<mf. 

vlmf = tiRvltfAty<mf. p<ri EvBmf = mbfb tlgfkAqy<mf. pAdtftRqf = t[kfK uAbvidmakkf eka]fd. Ecyf = Kmarkf kdv<qT. t]iyilf = tiRtf t]iAkyilf.

tikiri = YMgfkila[T. vlmfp<ri = nnftiyavrftfAt mlAr. VFyva = VFy vittfti[f Kbi. n[fB = n[fbak ;Rkfki[fbT. EcF = EtaziEy. ;[fEb = ;[fAby ti[mf. (" = `Ac)

(VFyva = 'Zvayf. n[fB = py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

EtaziEy. tiRmaLkfKmf, civepRma{kfKmf Ogfkarpf epaRAq upEtcitft tiREvrkmf, tiR viwfci, tiRcfecnfT\rf, Emkgfkqf tvZmf pamfp< mAlyakiy tiRcfecgfEkaD, tiRvlflmf mbfBmf pl EvB tlgfkqiLmf uAbnftRqiy Kmarkf kdv<qT, tiRtf t]iAk mAlyilf YMgfkili[f Emlf nnftiyavrftfAt mlArcf VFyiRkfKmf Kbi n[fbak ;Rkfki[fbT.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

;pfpadlf `kpf epaRqf TAbAycf carfnftT.
 
`. `riyarfkfK upEtcmf eca[f[....
(civ[arf tmkfKriy upEtc vitfAtyRqf
tiREvrktftilfvR epRmaEq) - tiRpfp<kzf (plkatlfepbfbi)
( KRevbfpiLAb cibfprmRkfekaR
KRkfkeq[ Mtftrfp<kzf tmfpiraE[) - tiRpfp<kzf (Ctftiynr).
~. tikiri vlmfp<ri VFyva n[fB....
YMgfkilf nnftiyavrftfAt mlArcf VFyT n[fB. ;T Epalf p<li Emlf yaA[ vaZmf KbipfApcf cira mAlkf EkaAvyilf ka]lamf.
 
 
92.
EcF v]gfK vAqtfEta eq[pfp<]rf Ecyvd
EcF v]gfK tiRtft]i kavl ni[fecRkfkabf
EcF v]gfK ekaFyiAd yaArey[f ecpfp<MAlcf
EcF v]gfK tAlkfkqi bInftT eclflnilfEl.

ptmf piritftlf

EcD ; `]gfK vAq Etaqf '[ p<]rf Ecy vd
EcF v]gfK tiRtft]i kavl ni[f ecRkfkalf
EcF v]gfK ekaF ;AdyaAr '[f ecpfp< MAlcf
EcD ;v]mf KtAl kqiB :nftT eclfl nilfEl.

pt uAr

EcD = `zkiy. ; = ;nft. `]gfK = mgfAkyi{Ady. vAq = vAqylf `]inft. Etaqf '[ = Etaeq[fB mikv<mf mkizfnfT. p<]rf = M[f Ev]fFy kaltfT '[fA[ m]mf p<]rfnft. Ecy = MRkE[.

vdEcF = vdkfkilf uqfq kbfEbarf ulkmf. v]gfK = vzipdtf tkfk. tiRtft]i kavl = tiRtft]iAkkfKkf kavlE[. ni[f ecRkfkalf = u[T ~]vtftalf.

EcF = krfvmf ubfB ;Rkfki[fb. v]gfK = Tv]fD ni[fb. ekaF ;AdyaAr = ekaF Epa[fb ;AdAy uAdy prtfAtyAr. '[f ecpfp< = ninftitfTpf Epc Ev]fFy kar]mf '[f[ ;Rkfki[fbT. MAlcf EcD = '[T ekagfAkyi[f tirdfciAy.

;v]mf = ;pfpF tirdfci ;[fAm ~KmfpF. KtAl = mzAlcf ecalfAl uAdy. kqiB = '[f pal[f. :nftT = tnfTvidfdT. (~tlalf) eclfl = '[f[idtfT vramlf eclfLmfpF. nilfEl = T\rmak nilf. (" = `Ac)

(nI = Eta[fba 'Zvayf. nilf = py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

kbfEbarfkqf vzipdtf tkfktf t]iAk mAlyilf vazfEvaE[. M[fp< '[fA[ `zK uAdyvqf '[fB m]mf p<rinft MRkE[. u[T ecRkfkalf krfvitfT ;RkfKmf prtfAtyAr na[f ninftitfTpf Epc Ev]fFy kar]mf '[f[ ;Rkfki[fbT. '[T ekagfAkyi[f tirdfciAy ;mfmzAlcf ecalfAly<Ady pal[f EvBpDtfti[[f. ~tlalf '[f[idmf vramlf `nft prtfAtyridEm EpayfviD.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

;T p<tlfv[f Emlf AvtfT - `A]nft vzi Udlf '[f{mf `kpf epaRqf TAbAycf EcrfnftT. prtfAtyi[f epaRdfDtf tAlvA[pf pirinfT vaDmf tAlviyi[f pi]gfkAlkf KbipfpT.
 

93.
eclflAl ymfepazilf Vzfecnfti la[bi ya[iAbAkcf
eclflAl ymfepazi elgfk} Embfp ev[tfetbitft
eclflAl ymfepazi lgfAkkf kRFR ma[ibmfEpabf
eclflAl ymfepazi lavk maTyirf EctipfpEt.

ptmf piritftlf

eclf `Al `mf epazilf Vzf ecnftila[f `biya[f ;Ab Ak
eclfllf _ymf epazilf 'gfk}mf "bfp '[ etbitft
eclfllf _ymf epazilf lgfAkkfK `Rqf tiRmalf nibmf Epalf
eclf `lf _ `mfp< ozi lavk maT uyirf EctipfpEt.

pt uAr

eclf = EmktfAt. `Al = `Ackfki[fb. `mf = `zkiy. epazilf Vzf = EcaAl Vzfnft. ecnftila[f = tiRcf ecnftibf ptiya[f. ;Ab = civepRma{Ady. Ak = krtftilf.

eclfllf = Epakamlf. _ymf = picfAckfK. epazilf 'gfk}mf = ulkemgfKmf. "bfp = ;rkfKmfpF. '[ = '[fB. etbitft = t[T ;rtfttfAtpf pirm kapaltftilf 'ritftvRmf.

eclfllf = T[fptfAty<mf. _ymf = pytfAty<mf. epazilf = epRAmy<Ady. lgfAkkfK = ;lgfkap<rikfK. `Rqf = u]fdakfki[vRmakiy. tiRmalf = ;ramrT. nibmf Epalf = nIl nibtfAtpf Epalf.

eclf = ndkfki[fb. `lf = ;rv< kaltftilf. _ `mfp< = m[fmt{Ady _nfT pa]gfkqf. ozi = oziy<mfpF. lavk = mikv<mf N]f]iyta[. maT uyirf = mgfAkyi[f uyirf. EctipfpEt = vAtkfki[fbAt. (" = `Ac). `biya[f = `binfT ekaqfqvilfAl.

(ecnftila[f = 'Zvayf. `biya[f = py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

civepRma{Ady AkyiliRkfki[fb pirm kpaltftilf tmT ;rtfttfAtpf pliyak varftftvRmf, ;lgfka p<riAy ev[fbvRmakiy ;ram[i[f nIl nibtfAtpf Epalf ;R]fd ;rv< kaltftilf m[fmt{Ady _nfT pa]gfkqf ;mfmgfAkyif[f uyiArpf piqkfki[fbAtcf ecnftila[f `biyaE[a ?

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. epazilf 'gfk{mf "bfp '[tf etbitft eclflAl....
vyirvrf pirm{Ady `Bpdfd tAlAykf Akyilf "nfti M[ivrf, Etvrf, tiRmalf MtliEyaridmf ec[fB ;rtft picfAc vagfki `vrfkqf ~]vtfAt `dkfkiy tiRviAqyadAlkf KbikfKmf.
 

94.
Ectikf kA[tfT kqtakfK Enakfki[[f eclfvecnftibf
Ectikf kA[tfT niAlepbcf Vrgfkwf cIrgfkmalf
Ectikf kA[tfT vriEta yyilfekaedbf Ecrfkfkvnftabf
Ectikf kA[tfT vRma mbli tibliA[Ey.
 
ptmf piritftlf

EcT ;kfkA[ TkqtakfKmf Enakfki[[f eclfv ecnftilf Ec
tikfK `A[tfTmf niAlepb Vrf `gfkmf cIrgfkmf malf
Ec tikfk AntfT uvri Etayf `yilf ekaD '[f Ecrfkfk vnftalf
Ecti kA[tfT vRmf ma mbli tibliA[Ey.

pt uAr

EcT = civnft. ;kfkA[ = kRpfp< vilfAly<Ady m[fmtA[. TkqtakfKmf = camfplaKmfpF 'ritft. Enakfki[[f = enbfbikf k]fA] uAdy civepRma{Ady. eclfv = AmnftE[. ecnftilf Ec = tiRcf ecnfT\rf MRkE[.

tikfK `A[tfTmf = tiAckqf 'lflamf. niAlepb = niAl epbfbiRkfKmfpFyak. Vrf = Vr{Ady. `gfkmf = udAl. cIrgfkmf = tiRvrgfktftilf vazfki[fb. malf = tiRmaLAdy.

Ec = piqfAqyakiy pirm[f. tikfk = tiAkkfKmfpF. AntfT = `zitfT. uvri = kdlilf. Etayf = YYMzfkiy. `yilfekaD = Evlay<ttfAtkf eka]fD. '[f Ecrfkfk vnftalf = '[fA[ ympdrfkqf kdfFkf eka]fD Epak vnftalf.

kA[tfT vRmf = kA[tfTkf eka]fD vRki[fb. ma mbli = epriy ym[T. tibliA[Ey = ukfrvlflAmAy. Ecti = k]fFpfpayak.
(" = `Ac)

(nI = Eta[fba 'Zvayf. Ecti = py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

kRmfp< vilfAl "nfTmf m[fmtA[cf camfplaKmfpF 'ritft enbfbikf k]fA] uAdy civepRma[i[f mkE[. tiRcfecnfT\rilf vazfpvE[. '[fA[kf kdfFkf eka]fD Epak ym[f vnftalf, `v[f vliAy, pirm[f tiAkkfkv<mf, tikfKkqf `A[tfTmf niAlepbv<mf, Vr{Ady udAl `zitfT kdlilf YMzfkiy Evlay<ttfAtkf eka]fD, nI k]fFkfk Ev]fDki[fEb[f.
 

 
95.
tibva v[k p<rivac [Ikfkcf cikrienwfcnf
tibva v[c M[iAyev[f Ebayfet[f biActftiRcfecnf
tibva v[myi Elaynft kalem[f cinfAtAvkfktf
tibva v[ni[f biRva[ t]fAdtf tiRvFEy.

ptmf piritftlf

tibv< ~ `[k p<ri vaclf nIkfk cikri enwfcmf
tibv< ~ v[c M[iAy ev[fEbayf et[ftiAc tiRcf ecnftilf
tva v[ myiElayf `nft kalmf '[f cinfAt Avkfk
tib ~v[ ni[f tiRva[ t]fAd tiRvFEy.

pt uAr

tibv< = tibv< Ekalf. ~ = ~[vE[. `[k = pavmbfb. p<ri = kyilatfti[f. vaclf = ktAv. nIkfk = tibkfk. cikri = kierqwfc mAlyi[f. enwfcmf = marfAp.

tibv< = piqnfT. ~ = ~cfcriymak. v[c = tamAryilf vazfki[fb. M[iAy = pirmA[y<mf. ev[fEbayf = ev[fbvE[. et[f tiAc = etbfkilf uqfq. ecnftilf = tiRcf ecnfT\rilf.

tva = nIgfkaT uAbki[fb. v[ = `zkiy. myiElayf = myilf vak[tfAt uAdyvE[. `nft kalmf = '[f{dlf ekDmf ;Btikf kaltftilf. '[f cinfAt Avkfk = '[T m[At oRvzipfpDtfti EcrfpfptbfK.

tib ~v[ = `Adkfklmak ;RpfpAv 'Av '[i[f. ni[f = u[T. tiRva[ = cibpfAp uAdy. t]fAd = t]fAdAy `]inft. tiRvFEy = tiRvFEy. (" = `Ac)

(tiRvF = 'Zvayf. tib ~v[ = py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

T\yfAmya[ kyilaytfti[f ktv< tibkfKmfpF ecyfki[fbvE[. kierqwfc mAlAypf piqnftvE[. tamAryilf vaZmf pirmA[ ev[fbvE[. etbfkilf uqfq tiRecnfT\rilf vaZmf myilf vak[E[ '[f ;Btikf kaltftilf u[T t]fAdy]inft tiRvFEy '[f cinfAtAy `Adkfklmf Avkfktf tkfk ;dmf ~Kmf.
 

96.
tiRkfAkymf Epatik Eqakwfc Emanwfc EmatiRmalf
tiRkfAkymf Epaecyfy EvEla viElac[nf et[f[[gfktf
tiRkfAkymf EpaRkkf Aknf nIbfbi[f mabfbitfet[f {\lfcivptf
tiRkfAkymf Epak v<ArtfEta[f cilmfpibf ciBmitbfEk.
 
ptmf piritftlf

tiRkfAk `mfEpatikEqa kwfcEma nwfcEma tiRmalf
tiRkfAk `mfEpa ecyfy EvEla viElac[mf et[f[[f `gfktfT
;RkfAk `mfEpaRkmf Ak nIbfbi[f mabfbi et[f{\lf civ ptfti
RkfK _ymf Epak uArtfEta[f cilmfpilf ciBmitbfEk.

pt uAr

tiRkfAk = tiRkfAk '[f{mf mIA[ udy. `mf EpatikEqa = kdlfkEqa. kwfcEma = tamArEya. nwfcEma = vidEma. tiRmalf = tiRmali{Ady.

tiRkfAk = tiRkfkrtftilf ;Rkfki[fb. `mfEpa = pa]Ema. ecyfy = civnft. EvEla = Evlay<tEma. viElac[mf = k]f. et[f[[f = P[f pa]fFy[T. `gfktfT ;RkfAk = MTki[f PA[.

`mfEpaRkmf = tamAr mlrf Epa[fb. AknfnIbfbi[f = krtftilf tritft tiRnIbfbi[alf. mabfbi = nIkfki. et[f{\lf = tmizf N\lakiy. civ ptfti = civpkftiAy viAqvikfKmf.

RkfK = ;RkfK Evttfti[f carmakiy (EtvartfAt). _ymf Epak = mbfb cmy N\lfkqi[alf u]fdaKmf cnfEtkmf ;lflatvaB. uArtfEta[f = wa[cmfpnftrak `vtritfTtf tiRvayf mlrfnfT `Rqiy Kmarkf kdv<qT. cilmfpilf = mAlyilf ;Rkfki[fb. ciBmitbfEk = cibiyvqakiy ep]f}kfK. (" = `Ac)

(viElac[mf - 'Zvayf. cMtftirmf Mtliy[ - py[iAl. " - `Ac)

CRkfk uAr

M[f wa[ cmfpnft YMrftftiyak `vtritfT tiRnIbfbalf cm] mtmf p>]fFRnft pa]fFy[T PA[ mabfbiy<mf, 'nft cmymf epriT '[f{mf _ymf nIgfkicf AcvEm epriT '[fB nmfp<mfpF tmizf Evtmakiy EtvartfAt emazinfT `Rqiy Kmarkf kdv<qT mAlyi[f k]f vaZmf ep]f]i{Ady k]f kdlfkEqa, tamArEya, vidEma, `mfEpa, Evlay<tEma ?
 
viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

;cf ecyfy<qf k]f]ynfTArtftlf '[f{mf TAbyT.
`. et[f{\lfciv ptfti ;RkfK _ymf Epak uArtfEta[f....
cmfpnftrf Etvarmf ;RkfKEvt carmf.
(tiRpfptikmf niAbvitfTtf tiRkfkAdkfkapf p<cfcatfti
;RkfKemazipf piqfAqyarf 'tirfetaZT ni[fB`Rq..)--- tiRtfeta]fdrf p<ra]mf (tiRwa[ cmfpnft YMrftfti) 80.
 

97.
ciBmikf Kmr nikrfvIrf pkircf ciAty<yirftfTcf
ciBmikf Kmr cr]em[f [IRyfvirf ecnftiA[Embf
ciBmikf Kmr p<ArtfTni[f Eba[fciAl EvdfDve[cf
ciBmikf Kmr v]iMF ya[fmk[f cIbFkfEk.

ptmf piritftlf

ciB umikfKmf mr nikrfvIrf pkir ciAt uyirf Tcfcilf
Tmi Kmr cr]mf '[f[Irf uyfvIrf ecmf tiA[Emlf
ciBmikfK mrp< uArtfT ni[fEba[f ciAl EvdfDv[f 'cfcilf
T mikfKmf `rv< `]i MFya[f mk[f cIbFkfEk.

pt uAr

ciB = cibita[. umikfKmf = umiAyyayi{mf. pkir = pibrfkfK ;dfD u]f] (m[mf Pdamlf). mr nikrfvIrf = mrmf Epa[fB ;RpfpvrfkEq. ciAt = `zinfT EpavTmf. uyirf = uyiRkfK.

Tcfcilf = oTkfkidmakiy ;vfv<dlilf. Tmi = oR TmfmL]fdaKmf `nftcf cmytftiLmf. Kmr cr]mf '[f[Irf = KmrE[, u[kfK `Adkfklmf '[fB ecalfLgfkqf. uyfvIrf = piAzpfpIrfkqf. ecmf = civnft. tiA[Emlf = tiA[pf p<[tftilf vazfnft.

ciBmikfK = ciBmiyakiy vqfqi naykikfK. mrp< = t[T mrpi[f vzikAq. uArtfT = 'DtfTArtfT. ni[fEba[f = ni[fbv{mf. ciAl = vilfAl uAdy. EvdfDv[f = Evdtf tiR Em[iAyy<Ady k]f]pfp nay[arf.

'cfciAl = U[f MtliyvbfAb M[f Rci parftfTkf ka]ikfAkyakkf ekaDtft 'cfciAl. T = uvpfp<dE[ u]fdvrakiy. mikfKmf = Em[fAmyak. `rv< = pamfAp. `]i = tritft. MFya[f = MFAy uAdy civepRma[i[f. mk[f = Amnft{makiy Kmrkf kdv<qi[f. cIbFkfEk = cibiy tiRvFAykf kRtikf eka]fEd. (" = `Ac)

(nIrf - Eta[fba 'Zvayf. uyfvIrf - py[iAl. )

CRkfk uAr

cibiy umi `qvayi{mf pibRkfK ;dfD u]f] m[mf ;lflamlf mrmf Epalf nibfpvrfkEq. `zinfT EpaKmf udLkfK oR Tmfmlf u]fdaKmf EpaTmf KmrE[, cr]mf '[fB eca[f[alf piAzpfpIrfkqf. tiA[pf p<[tftilf vazfnft Kbpf ep]f]akiy vqfqikfKtf tmf mrpiA[ 'DtfT uArtfT ni[fbv{mf, k]f]pfprf ekaDtft 'cfcilf u]v<pf epaRdfkAq uvpfp<d[f u]fd civepRma[i[f mk{mf ~kiy Kmrkf kdv<qi[f cibiy tiRvFAykf kRti[alf piAzpfpIrfkqf.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. ciBmikfK mrp< uArtfT.....
(emlfliylf vRtiyalf vi]f]i[f palfvRmf
vlfliyrf yavRmf v]gfki vazftftidtf
etalfliylf vzavqmf Tyfpfp nlfKEvqf) --- knft p<ra]mf 6-24-88.

 

 
98.
cIrgfk rak mbEmaT tikiri ecgfAkeka]fd
cIrgfk rak mRknft Etcik ecnftiA[Embf
cIrgfk rak t[kiri Etayfknft ecnftmizfN\bf
cIrgfk rak viEnatev[f parfkfkilfAl tIviA[Ey.

ptmf piritftlf

cIrmf kra kmf `b EmaT tikiri ecmf Ak eka]fd
cIrgfkrf ~kmrf uknft Etcik ecmf tiA[ Emlf
cIrf `gfkrak t[kiri Etayf knft ecnftmizf N|lf
cIrf `gfk rak viEnat '[fparfkfK ;lfAl tI viA[Ey.

pt uAr

cIrmf = klpfApAyy<mf. kra = MtAlyi[T. kmf = tAlAy. `b = `BmfpF. EmaT = `mrf ecyft. tikiri = ckfkrtfAty<mf. ecmf Ak eka]fd = civnft krtftilf tritft.

cIrgfkrf = tiRvrgfktftilf uAby<mf tiRvrgfkRmf. ~kmrf = ~km EvttfAt `Rqiy civepRma{mf. uknft = viRmfptf tkfk. Etcik = KREv. ecmf = civnft. tiA[Emlf = tiA[pf p<[tftilf vaZmf.

cIrf = cibnft vqfqi naykiyi{Ady. `gfk rak = canfT `]inft. t[kiri = ekagfAkyakiy mAlAy. Etayf = tZviy. knft = Kmarkf kdv<Eq. ecnftmizf N\lf = ecvfviy tmizf N\lfkqilf ka]pfpDmf.

cIrgfk = cIrf Mtliy 'dfD uBpfp<kfK uriy pavlE[. rak viEnat = ;Acyilf ;[fpmf TyfpfpvE[. '[fparfkfK = '[fB naEdaBmf TtipfpvrfkfK. tI viA[ ;lfAl = ekaFy tI viA[ EcbaT. (" = `Ac)

(tI viA[ - 'Zvayf. ;lfAl = py[iAl)
 

CRkfk uAr

klpfAp ~y<ttfAty<mf ckfray<ttfAty<mf uAdy tiRmalf mRkE[, CnftrE[, tiA[pfp<[tftilf vazfki[fb vqfqi naykiAytf tZv<mf knftE[. ;yliAc Mtliy tmizf N\bfKriy viEnatE[ '[fB TtipfpvrfkdfKtf tIviA[ ;lfAl.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. cIrgfk rak....
klpfAp plram[i[f pAd ~Kmf. plram[f tiRmali[f `vtarmf ~tlalf tiRmaAlkf klpfAppf pAdyi[rf '[fB PbpfpdfdT.
~. cIrgfk rak viEnat....
(tiRpfp<kAz y<Arpfpvrfkqf pFpfpvrfkqf miFpfpakAm
ecyitftRQ miAcpfpiriy...) --- tiRpfp<kzf (kRpfp<vililf).
('ZAm yIB ka]atrf Mniv EraD va[adrf
;Ack EqaD parad mkizfEvaE[)--- tiRpfp<kzf (KRtiYYMAq).
;. ecnftzizf N\lf cIrf `gfk ......
cIrf Mtliy 'dfD uBpfp<kqf vRmaB.
'ZtfT (
letter) - (uyirf, uyirfemyf, `qepAd).
`Ac (
syllable, elements of metrical foot) - 'ZtfTkf PFy EnRmf, niAry<mf.
cIrf (
foot, elements of metrical line ) `Ac PFy MpfpT cIrfkqf. (vivrgfkAq 37-mf padlilf ka]lamf).
tAq (pnftmf) (
connection) - cIrfkAqcf EcrfpfpT.
`F (
line) - tAqkqf PFyT.
etaAd (
modes of versification) - `Fkqf PFyT. (alliteration, rhyme).
pa - etaAd PFyT.
;[mf - pa PFyT. (yapfpRgfklkf kariAk)

 

 
99.
tIviA[ ybfb ci[nftI rktfT]femyftf tIpnnftnf
tIviA[ ybfb vnnfta etDtft[wf ecnftiA[Emlf
tIviA[ ybfb p<[ma[f ekaZn[f ecZgfk[ktf
tIviA[ ybfb vFyarfkf kRqfepBwf eclfv{kfEk.

 

ptmf piritftlf

tI viA[ `bfb ci[mf tIrf `ktfTqf emyf tIpmf nnftmf
tIviA[ `lf tv nnftaT 'Dtft[mf ecmf tiA[Emlf
tI viA[ybfb p<[ ma[f ekaZn[f ecZmf k[k
tIviA[ `bfb `FyarfkfK `Rqf epRmf eclfv{kfEk.
 
pt uAr

tI = enRpfp<. viA[ybfb = ekaFytak 'rikfKmf t[f ecyfAk `bfbT Epalf. ci[mf tIrf = Ekapmf nIgfkiy. `ktfTqf = t[T `Amtiya[ m[tfTqf. emyf = u]fAmya[. tIpmf = wa[ viqkfAk. nnftmf tIviA[ - nmfMAdy tI viA[yakiy.

`lf = ;Rqf. tv = ekDmfpF. nnftaT = `vinfT Epakamlf. ecmf = civnft. tiA[Emlf = tiA[pf pyirf viAqvilf.

tI = tIyfnfT EpaKmf. viA[ybfb = ecyfAk ;lflat. p<[ = p<[tftilf vaZmf. ma[f = ma[f Epa[fb k]fA] uAdy vqfqi nayki `mfAmkfK. ekaZn[f = nayk[akiy. ecZmf = ecZAmya[. k[ktftIviA[ = epa[f mymayf oqi vICmf vIdfDpf EpbfAb.

`bfb = pac pnftmf nIgfkiy. `FyarfkfK = tmT `FyarfkQkfK. `Rqf = ekaDtfT `RQki[fb. epRmf = epriy. eclfv{kfEk = `Rqf niAbnft eclfv{kfK. 'Dtft[mf = "bfbi AvtfEtamf. (" = `Ac)

(yamf = Eta[fba 'Zvayf. 'Dtft[mf = py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

vqpfpmf miKnft tiA[pf p<[tftilf vaZmf vqfqi `mfAmkfK nayk{mf, pbfbbfb `FyarfkQkfK vIdfDpf EpbfAb `qipfpv{makiy Kmarkf kdv<QkfK nmT `Amtiya[ m[makiy tkziyilf u]fAmya[ wa[ viqkfAk "bfbi AvtfEtamf.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

`. tIviA[ `bfb `FyarfkfK....
(`bfBpf pbfB ;[fbi ~Ary<mf ;lflvrfkfK
ubfb nlfTA] ~va[f uAbpti...) ---tiRnav<kfkrcrf Etvartf tiRMAb 5-67-6.
 
 
100.
eclfvnf tikZ mlenwfc Emyv[f ebyfvmi[f{rf
eclfvnf tikZ nmti[fAm tIrfkfKmfevgf PbfBvbfKcf
eclfvnf tikZnf tiRkfAkyilf EvbiA[ katfteclfvi
eclfvnf tikZ m]vaq [lfKnf tiRvFEy.

ptmf piritftlf

eclf vnfti kZmlmf enwfcEm `v[f etyfv mi[f Urf
eclf vnfT ;kZmf nmT ;[fAm tIrfkfKmf evmf PbfBvbfK
eclf vnfti kZmf tiRkfAkyilf Evlf tiA[ katft eclfvi
eclfvmf tikZmf m]vaq[f nlfKmf tiRvFEy.

pt uAr

eclf = `gfK ec[fB. vnfti = v]kfkmf ecyf. kZmlmf = Kmarkf kdv<qa[vrf M[f cmfpnftpf piqfAqyak `vtritft cIkazipf ptiyilf. enwfcEm = m[Em. `v[f = `vRAdy. etyfv mi[f = kdv<qf t[fAm vayfnft etyfvyaA[. Urf = "bi vRki[fb.

eclf = Emk vak[mf. vnfT = vnfT. ;kZmf = (pibralf) ;kzpfpDmf. nmT ;[fAm = nmT ;lflaAm yav<mf. tIrfkfKmf = nIkfki viDmf. evmf = ekaFy. PbfBvrfkfK = ym{kfK.

eclf = nmfEmlf ndpfptakiy. vnfti = ekaDAmAy. kZmf = TAdtfT viDmf. tiRkf Akyilf = (MRkkf kdv<QAdy) tiRkfkrtftilf. Evlf = Evlay<tma[T. tiA[ katft eclfvi = tiA[pf p<[mf kavlf eka]fd vqfqi naykiyi[f.

eclfvmf = epRmf cibpfpak. tikZmf = niAbnfT oqi vICmf. m]vaq[f = nayk[akiy knftpf epRma[f. nlfKmf tiRvFEy = t[T tiRvFtf tamArAy nmkfKtf tnftRqfvarf. (" = `Ac)

(nI = Eta[fba 'Zvayf. vnfti = py[iAl)

CRkfk uAr

m[Em. etyfvyaA[yi[f vak[makiy Emkmf nmT vBAmAytf tvirfkfKmf. Kmarkf kdv<qi[f Evlay<tmf nmkfK vRmf ym t]fdA[Ay nIkfki viDmf. vqfqi naykikfK m]vaqrakiy knftpf epRma[f tmT tiRvFtf tamArAytf tnftRqfvarf. ~tlalf nI `kfkdv<qf M[f wa[cmfpnftrf `vtritft cIkazikfKcff ec[fB `vAr v]gfKvayak.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf

tiRvFEy '[f{mf `nfttftilf uqfq (tiR) '[f{mf ecalf, N\li[f ~tiyilf uqfq tiR ~vi[[fKF '[f{mf ecalflilf ka]fk. ;T `nftati N\li[f ;lkfk]mf.
 
                       
MbfBmf

                    pakmf4

                   tmizf mrp<