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knftrf `{p>ti

(MFv<Ar)

m[TkfKmf ecalfLkfKmf `pfpabfpdfd YMlemyfpfepaRqf 'tft[fAmtfT '[fB wa[ikqaLmf viqkfKtlf 'qitlfl. pti wa[mf cibiTmf ;[fbipf pC, pac wa[mf mdfDmf miKnfEtarf, emyfpf epaRAq u]rfvT `t[i{mf kF[mf '[fptilf _ymilfAl. ;nft niAlAmAy mabfBvtbfKtf et[f[adfDpf pkfti marfkfktftilf, MZ Mtbf epaRQkfKpf pl EvB uRvgfkqf `AmtfT, epyrfkQmf ekaDtfT, Ekayilfkqf kdfF, p>Ackqf ecyfT, `vrvrf KDmfpgfkAqkf kakfKmf etyfvgfkqak vzipDvT mrp<. Acv cmytftilf ;nftkf EkadfpaDkfKkf kAdkfkalf ;dfdT kaArkfkalf `mfAmyarf ~vrf.

(`[fBmf tiRv<Rvmf ka]aEt ~dfpdfEd[f
;[fBmf tiRv<Rvmf k]fFEl[f -- '[fBnfta[f
'vfv<REva Nmfpira[f '[fparfkdfK '[f uArkfEk[f
'vfv<REva ni[f uRvmf "T) --- kaArkfkalf `mfAmyarf (`bfp<ttf tiRvnftati) 61.

`mfAmyaRkfKpf pi[f[rf vnft Acv cmykf Krvrfkqalf Etvarpf padlfkqilf ;nft vzipadfD MAb vqrfkfkpfpdfdT.
(....nitftLmf 'mfpira{Ady Ekayilf p<kfK,
p<lrfvt[fM[f `lkidfD, emZkfKmf ;dfD,
p>maAl p<A[nfT "tfti, p<kzfnfT paF,
tAl ~rkf KmfpidfD, PtfTmf ~F.)---tiRnav<kfkrcrf (Etvartf tiRMAb) 6-31-3)

;vrfkQkfKpf pl N\bfba]fDkQkfKpf pi[f Eta[fbiy `R]kiri natrf MZ Mtbf epaRAqkf knft[f '[f{mf epyrf VdfF, ;vfvzi padfD MAbAykf kAdpfpiFtftarf. `vrf ;ybfbiy knftrf `{p>ti '[fb N\lilf ;nft YMlpfepaRqf ttfTvmf viqkfkpfpdfDqfqT.

pkfKvpfpdfd m[mf pAdtft wa[ikQkfKmf `bEvarfkQkfKmf, uRvmbfb YMlpf epaRAqkf KbitfTtf tiya[mf ecyfT `t{d[f kltftlf catftiymf ~klamf. ~[alf ulk vazfvilf cikfK]fD, mygfki, citB]fd m[mf uqfq "A[EyarfkfK `gfg[mf m[At oRMkpf pDtfTtlf 'qitlfl. YMvaAckQmf, MmfmlgfkQmf, tIviA[kQmf niAbnfT, ;lflb vazfkfAkyilf uz[fB tiriEvarfkfK MZ Mtbf epaRAqkf KbitfTtf tiya[ikfkv<mf, `tfTd[f o[fbbkf klkfkv<mf, pl tAdkqf ;Adwfclak ;Rkfki[fb[. ~tlalf oR nammf Orf uRvmf ;lflat emyfpf epaRQkfK, ~yirmf tiRnamgfkqf VdfF, oRAmy<d[f vzipDtlf, `nft emyfpf epaRAq manftrf `A[vRmf u]RmfpF ecyfvtbfK uB TA]yak `Amy<mf '[f{mf `riy ttfTvmf knftrf `{p>tiyilf viqkfkpfpDki[fbT.

`bitbfK `rita[Tmf, K]mf KbiybfbTma[ prmf epaRAq u]rfnfT ekaqfQmf epaRdfD, `tA[ `vrvrf m[TkfK uknft uRvgfkqf `AmtfT etyfvgfkqak vzipDvT, k]fD `binftAvkqi[f YYYMlmf ka] o]f]at o[fAb `bitbfkak, '[fb citftanfttfti[f `FpfpAdyilf `AmnfttaKmf. emyfpfepaRqf u]rfv<kfK MtbfpF etyfv vzipaD '[fpT pznftmizrfkqi[f Etbfbmf. ;T pznf tmizf mkfkqf pkfti marfkfktfTkfK vzgfkiy oR utfti '[fB Pbi[alf `T miAkyakaT. ;nft u]fAmAy `biyat `kcf cmytfEtarf cilrf, vzi pDmf etyfvgfkqf, YMlpf prmf epaRAq `Adyv<mf `tfTd[f klkfkv<mf oR "]i Epalf utv<ki[fb[ '[fpAt mbnfT viDki[fb[rf. p<bcf cmytfEtarf ;nftcf cIriy cmy ttfTvtfAtEy `biyamlf pl etyfvgfkAq v]gfKpvrf '[fB tvbakpf epaRqf eka]fD KAb ka]fprf.

knftrf `{p>tiyilf `R]kirinatrf pl emyfpf epaRqf ttfTvgfkAqy<mf `{p>ti enbikAqy<mf Pbiy<qfqarf. 'lfElaRkfKmf 'qitilf viqgfKmf epaRdfD `AvkAqpf pl tAlpfp<kqilff etaKtfT, `Av ka]pfpDmf padlfkqi[f vriAc ']fkQd[f ;A]tfTpf pi[f vRmf `dfdvA]yilf ekaDkfkpfpdfDqfqT.

ttfTvmf ------------------------------------ `{p>ti padlf vriAc ']f

emyfpf epaRqf t[fAm ----- 3,8,11,18,19,20,21,28,36,45,49,51
Y MvaAc ---- 2,4,5,9,14,16,24,34,39,43
Mmfmlgfkqf
~]vmf ------ 3,28,37
kRmmf ------ 7,14,16,25,31,40
maAy ------- 5,7,8,17,25,27,29,31,37,35,39,40,48
tiRvF ------ 6,14,21,23,53,40,44
`Rqf ------- 1,15,21,25,30,51
wa[mf ------- 13,17,30,42,45,48,50
tiya[mf ------- 42,49
Tti -------- 15,21,26,27,28,33,34,41,46
`{p>ti ------- 17,20,28,30,38,43,44,49

eclfvmf miKnfT, viwfwa[mf vqrfnfT, mkfkqf mikvak M[fE[bi ;RkfKmf ;nfnaqilf `R]kiri natrf knftrf `{p>tiyilf Pbiy `Rqf vakfK 'tfTA] epaRtftma[T '[fB cinfftipfpT `vciymf. ;nft naqilf mtmf, ;[mf, cati, emazi, epaRqf '[fb `FpfpAdyilf m[it cMtaymf plflayirmf piqv< pdfDkf klgfkiy<qfqT. ttftmf EkadfpaEd emyf '[fBmf, cri '[fBmf trfkfkmf ;dfD, `Fyarf Pdfdgfkqf ~]fdv[f `RAq naDvAtvid, tgfkQAdy ekaqfAkEy uyrfnftT '[fB niAl nadfDvtiElEy kaltfAtkf kzikfki[fb[. ;At u]rfnfEt ma]ikfk vackrf - cmy vatikqf tmftmf mtgfkEq `AmvT ~k `rbfbi mAlnft[rf - '[fB tiRvacktftilf Pbi[af EpaLmf.

etyfvgfkAqkf KbitfT mkfkqf oRvEraD oRvrf EparaF mFy<mf ;nftkf kalkfkdfdtftilf knftrf `{p>tiyilf Pbpfpdfd YYYMlpf epaRqf ttfTvmf `A[vraLmf u]rtf tkfkT. emyfpf epaRqf, uRvayf, `Rvayf, uqtayf, ;ltayf, mRvayf, mlrayf (51) pl niAlqilf uqT '[fB `R]kiri natrf knftrf `{p>tiAy MFkfki[fbarf. YMlpf epaRQd[f o[fbid viRmfp<Evarf `tA[tf ta[ayf, ud[ayf, Evbayf nibfKmf niAlkqilf u]rfnfT ekaqfqlamf. etalfkapfpiyrf kalmf Mtlf ;[fB vAr tmizf ;lkfkiytftilf etyfvmf, kdv<qf, ;Ab '[fb ecabfkqf plEvB kRtfTkfkAq u]rftft py[fpDtftpfpdfd[ '[fB Epraciriyrf `.c. wa[cmfpnft[f CdfFkf kadfFy<qfqarf. ~zfnfT cinftitftalf, ;nftcf ecabfkqf yav<mf vivrikfk MFyat YYYMlpf prmfepaRAqcf citftrikfk m[it[f Embfeka]fd Mybfcikqf '[fB epaRqf eka]fdalf, epyrfkqalf "bfpDmf cmypf p>clfkqf KAby<mf '[fB nmfplamf.
etyfvgfkqf pl '[fpT ka]fEpari[f kRtfT niAl. prmf epaRqf o[fEb '[fpT YMlpf epaRQkfKriy ttfTv niAl. knft[f '[fBmf (33), uAmyaqf Amnft[f '[fBmf (46), ktirf Evlv[f '[fBmf (46), Kk[f (15) '[fBmf, mAb nayk[f '[fBmf (46), MRk[f (15) '[fBmf pl namgfkqf ecalflitf etaZvtalf oRAmpf epaRAqpf p[fAmyilf Epabfbipf p]iki[fEbamf '[fpT viqgfKmf.

;pfpFpfpdfd prmf epaRqi[f t[fAmkAq `{p>ti kidfFy wa[ikQmf `pfEpri[fptfAtpf pibRkfK 'DtfTArkfk ;ylatvrfkqak ;Rkfki[fb[rf. `R]kiri natRmf ;tbfK vilkfkilfAl. `t[alf ta[f `{p>tiyilf pl ;dgfkqilf `vrf, nviltftKEma (28), oRvrfkfK ;AcvipfpTEv (30), ~]fdT ecpfp<mEta (38), tnftT ecpfp<mEta (44) '[fB PbiyiRpfpAtkf ka]fki[fEbamf.
pdmf - 2. `{p>ti viqkfkmf

;Et kar]tfti[alf ta[f prmf epRqf Omf '[f{mf pir]v YRpmayf, nat, vinfT, kAlkQkfK `pfpalf pdfdT (1) '[fb `riy kRtftalf viqkfkpf pdfdT. `vfvabayi[f ulk vazfvilf mygfkitf tiriy<mf nmf Epa[fb 'qiEyarfkQmf ;Ab ;[fptfAt u]r, `b enbikqf knftrf `{p>tiyilf PbpfpdfDqfq[. emyfpf epaRqf `{p>tikfKtf tAdyak ;Rpfp[vbfAb Mtlilf ~rayfEvamf.
pdmf - 3. `{p>tikfKtf tAdkqf

_mfp<l[fkqi[f vcpfpdfD `t[alf viAqy<mf m]f, ep]f, epa[f ~kiy YYYMvaAckqf ;nfttf tAdkQqf Mt[fAmya[Av.. maAyvida YMEvdA] '[fB MFnftiDEma (39) '[fB PbiyT ;At viqkfKmf epaRdfEd. vivliymf Mtliy p<bcf cmy N\lfkQmf ~Acyi[f viAqv<kAqkf KbipfpiDki[fb[.

`DtfT nmfAmpf pIFkfKmf Mmfmlgfkqakiy ~]vmf, kRmmf, maAy ~kiyvbfAb vilkfk Ev]fDmf. 'lflamf `b '[fA[ ;znft nlmf (2), ya[akiy '[fA[ viZgfki evBnf ta[ayf niAl ni[fbT (28), `bivalf `FEyaDmf `knfAtAyEy (37) '[fb `Fkqf ya[f, '[T '[fb ;RAmkAqy<mf ~]vtfAty<mf Kbifpfp[. viDvayf, viDvayf viA[yaAvy<Em (7) viA[Eyad viDmf ktirf Evlf(40) '[fpAv kRm mltfAtkf KbipfpiDv[. mkmaAy kAqnftid (5), `kmamf '{mipf pirmgfekd (8), '[fb ecabfebadrfkqf niAlyaAmAy (maAyAy) u]rftfTv[. emyfpf epaRAq u]r, ulk `bip< (pC, pac wa[mf) EpataT. pl N\lfkAqkf kbfB ulk `bivalf mdfDmf YMlpf epaRAq `biy MFyaT `tbfKpf pti wa[mf Ev]fDmf '[fpAt (`bieva[fB `b ni[fB `bivarf `bivilf (48) '[fb padlilf ka]lamf.

`{p>tikfKtf tAdyayiRpfpAvkAq `binft pibK ;Ab u]rfv<kfKtf TA]yayiRpfpAvkAq ~rayftlf n[fB.
pdmf - 4. `{p>tikfK enbikqf

uRv<mf `Rvmak nibfKmf prmf epaRAq m[mf uRkitf Tti ecyftlf Ev]fDmf. enwfckfk[klfLmf enkizffnfT uRk '[fB kapfp<pf pKtiyiElEy PbiyT kv[ikfktf tkfkT. uRKmf ecylf tnfT u]rfv< '[fB `Rqfvayf (15) '[fpT `R]kiriyarf vakfK. oR nammf Orf uRvmf ;lflarfkfK ~yirnf tiRnammf ecalflitf Tti ecyfvtilf tvbilfAl. MRk[f, Kmr[f, Kk[f (15), knfta, ktirfEvlvE[, uAmyaqf Amnfta, Kmra, mAb naykE[ (46( '[fB plvaB `R]kiri natrf Tti ecyftiRkfkibarf.

Ttitftal mdfDmf EpataT. Eveba[fAby<mf pbfbi ']f]amlf emyfpf epaRAqtf tiya[ikfk Ev]fDmf. KbiAykf KbiyaT Kbitftbiy<mf (42), t[f[nf t[i ni[fbT ta[f `biy (49) '[fpAvkAq m[At oRMkpf pDtfTtlf '[fb tAlpfpilf `dkfkikf Pblamf. emq[ niAlyilf ta[f `{p>ti kidfDmf '[fpT Cmfma ;R ecalflb '[fbLEm `mfma epaRqf o[fBmf `binftilE[ (12) '[fptalf `biypfpDmf.

m[MRktf TtikfKmf `FEyarfkfK ;Abv[f 'qiEya[f '[fpT MRk[f Kbmkqf patmf etaZta[f (p]iya[ '[ vqfqi ptmf p]iy<mf (6), paAqkfKzlf vqfqi patmf p]iy<mf (22)) '[fb `Fkqalf u]rlamf.

emyfpfepaRQd[f kltftlf '[fpT ;Abv[f tiRvFkAqtf tAlyilf VFkf ekaqfqlf, (cr]mf VDmfpF tnftT (44)) '[fpt[f YMlmf u]rftftpfpdfdT.

;TkaBmf Pbiyvabfbalf knftrf `{p>tiyilf Kbipfpidpfpdfd emyfpf epaRqf kltftlf '[f{mf ttfTvmf wa[ikQkfK mdfDm[fbi ;lflbtftfilf vazfnfT _mfp<l[fkqf Nkrfv<mf epaRqf :dfDtLEm vazfkfAkyi[f KbikfEkaqf '[fB kRti vazfpvrfkQkfKmf oR mRnftakv<mf marfkfkmakv<mf ;RkfKmf '[fptilf _ymilfAl. ma]ikfkvackrf civp<ra]tftilf Pbiy (ecalfliy padfF[f epaRQ]rfnfT ecalfLvarf) '[fb `FAy niA[v< eka]fdalf, ;nft `benbi MAbkqi[f Em[fAmy<mf `vciyMmf n[fK viqgfKmf.

'DtfTkf kadfdak viA[kAq `bEv vid Ev]fDmf '[fb `bv<Ar TbvikQkfKpf epaRtftmak ;Rkfklamf. ;lflbtftilf vazfEvarf vazfkfAkyilf evbfbi epb viA[kqf ecyfykf kdAmpf pdfFRkfkibarfkqf. ;nftcf VzfniAlyilf viA[, viA[yi[f KbikfEkaqf, viA[ ~bfBtli[f Evkmf, viA[pfpy[f, viA[yi[f viAqv< ~kiyAvkAq n[fK ~rayfnfT ecylfpdfdalf ta[f, tIy viA[kAq `kbfbi vAryAry<d[f nlfl viA[kAqcf ecyfYy<mf ~bfbAlpf epblamf. ;tA[pf EpraAc '{mf pi]iyilf pi]ipdfD (16) '[fb `Fkqalf u]rlamf. ;lfAl '[i[f epaRqiRnfTmf "Azyrayf, mA[ ;RnfTmf t[iyrayf, ubviRnfTmf `natiyayf, udLmf uqfqMmf EcarfnfT, m[ `Amti K[fbi, pi]iy<bfB, ;drfpfpd EnriDmf.

ulkiLqfq cmy N\lfkqf `A[tftiLmf ;AbAmtf t[fAmkQmf, m[itpf p]fp<kQmf p<ra]kf kAtkQd{mf, nmfp<tbfkriy nikzfcfcikQd{mf ;A]tfTkf PbpfpDvT mrp<. `vbfAbpf pKtftbiv<kfK ovfvatAv '[fB oTkfKvAtvid pkfKvpfpdat uqfqgfkQkfKtf tIyAv, nlflAv '[fpAvkAq viqkfkkf AkyaqpfpDmf utfti '[fB ekaqfvT MAbyaKmf.

knftrf `{p>tiyilf Crrfkqf uyrf niAlAyy<mf, `Crrfkqf tazfAmkf K]tfAty<mf Kbikfki[fb[. Vrrfkqi[f `rc[a[ CrpTm[f ~]vtfti[f ci[f[mf. MRk[f Akyilf "nftiy<qfq Ecvlf natmakv<mf, myilf vinftakv<mf, Evlf wa[makv<mf uRvkpfpdfDqfq[. Omf '[fb pir]vmf, emyfpf epaRqf o[fbayf, ud[ayf, Evbayf nibfKmf tbfpr niAlkAqkf KbikfKmf. (~Dmfpri Evl]i Ecvel[ (1).

viti '[f{mf ecalf pirmA[kf KbikfKmf. (viti ka}mf udmfAp vida viA[Ey[f (35) '[f{mf padlf cinftikfktf tkfkT. oRv[f ecyfy<mf viA[kfK "bfp pibvi vitikfkpfpDki[fbT '[fpAtkf kadfDmf. viA[yi[fbi pibvi ;lfAl '[fpT EkadfpaD. . maEvzf c[[mf ekd maAy vida (39( '[f{mf `Fkqf YYYMlmf YMvaAckqf `Bkfkpf pd Ev]fDmf '[fpT p<lpfpDmf.

knftrf `{p>ti Cmarf _nfN\B ~]fDkQkfK M[f ;ybfbpfpdfd N\lf. ;tilf Pbpfpdfd emyfpf epaRqf ttfTvgfkQmf, `b enbikQmf kaltfti[alf maBpdamlf `[fB Epalf ;[fBmf niAltfT nibfki[fb[. m[it cMtaygfkqi[ff maBpdfd vazfkfAk MAbkfK "bfp, p<T EnakfEkaD pAzy cmykf EkadfpaDkAq ~rayfnftalf, TbEvarf ;Aby<d[f o[fbidv<mf, mbfbvrfkqf vqmak, m[ `Amtiy<d[f vazv<mf ;nft `biv< N|lf py[fpDmf '[fpT ti]f]mf.

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