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`R]kirinatrf `Rqiy
knftrf `{p>ti (pakmf 1-`)
(MRk Evqf ptftamf tiRMAb)

M[f{Ar

`R]kiri natrf ;ybfbiy knftrf `{p>tiyilf, knft[f '[fb ecalf ~[fmakfkQkfKpf pbfBkf Ekadaktf tikzfpv[f '[f{mf epaRqilf `AmnfTqfqT. `{p>ti '[fb ecalf, (`{ = ud[f, p>ti = ~tlf) '[pf epaRqfpDmf. `tavT ;Abv{d[f o[fbavtalf vRmf `{pv wa[mf.

etalfkapfpiyRmf knftzi '[fb ecalfAlpf pbfBkf EkaFlflat YMlpf epaRqf '[fb epaRqilf KbipfpidfFRkfkibarf.
(ekaFniAl, knftzi, vqfqi '[fb
vDnIgfK cibpfpi[f Mtl[ YM[fBmf
kdv<qf vazftfetaD k]f]iy vREm)-- etalfkapfpiymf (p<btftiA]) 27-1,3.

`R]kirinatRkfKpf pl N\bfba]fDkQkfK M[f vazfnftvRmf, Acv cmykf KrvrfkQqf oRvRmf ~kiy ma]ikfk vackrf tmT tiRvacktftilf uqfq tiRcfctkmf '[fb pKtiyilff civA[ `{p>tiyilf `bivAtpf pbfbikf KbipfpidfD ;Rkfkibarf. oRv[f ~tfm (`nftkf kr]) Ctfti `Ady<mf EpaT ta[f p<bpf epaRqfkAq `biv< `FpfpAdyilf YNkRmf `{pv Ctfti u]fdakibT. `tbfKpf pi[f[Er 'lflapf epaRqfkAqy<mf civ uRvmayfkf k]fD kqikfKmf `{Epak Ctfti u]fdakibT. civA[ `{p>tiyilf `bipvE[ niAlya[ canftiAy `Adkiba[f '[fpT m]ivackri[f ;AbAmkf EkadfpaD.

;nftkf kRtfTkfkAq odfF `R]kiri natrf emyfpf epaRqa[ knftA[ 'gfg[mf `{p>tiyilf `binfT canfti epBvT '[fpT pbfbi ;nft N\lilf viqkfki uqfqarf.
tiRMRk kiRpa[nft variyarf `vrfkqf knftrf `{p>ti '[fb ecalfAl YM[fB vitmakpf piritfTpf epaRqf PBki[fbarf.

1. knftA[cf EcrfnfT `Ady<mf `{p>ti -
m[pf pkfKvmf `Adnft oRvrf knftA[ vzipdfDtf, tamf EvB, knft[f EvB, '[atpF, udLmf uyiRmf Epalf, `vRd[f ;r]fdbkf (`tfTvitmakkf) klnfT nibfKmf niAl. (klpfpi[alf o[fBpDmf niAl). ;tA[ `AvEyyayf '[fprf.

2. knft[alf `Ady<mf `{p>ti -
knft{d[f ;r]fdbkf klnft oRvRkfKkf knft[f `vri[f Evbayf ni[fB, Vriy[f oqiy<mf, k]f oqiy<mf Epalf, tmfAm `bivitfTkf kadfF utv<mf niAl (epaRqalf Evbaki ni[fB utv<mf niAl). ;tA[tf taE[yayf '[fB KbipfpiDvrf.

3. knft[f k]f `Ady<mf `{p>ti -
knft{d[f ;r]fdbkf klnft oRvRd[f knft[f ud[aki ni[fB utvi ecyfy<mf niAl. (ud[aki ni[fB utv<mf niAl). ;tA[ `AvEy ta[ayf '[fb ecabfebadrf viqkfKmf.
knftrf `{p>ti '[f{mf N\lf ;nft YM[fB vAk emyf u]rfv<kAqpf pbfbikf PBv<talf, ~[fmakfkqf uyfvtbfK oR pbfBkf Ekadak viqgfKki[fbT.

;nft mi[f ptipfpilf Kbipfpidpfpdfd knftrf `{p>tiyi[f uAry<mf viqkfkgfkQmf, MA[vrf v.C. ecgfklfvray[f `vrfkqf 'Ztiy MRkEvqf p[f[iR tiRMAb (tiRenlfEvli et[f[inftiy Acvcitftanft N\bfptipfp<kf kzkmf, ec[fA[), mbfBmf tiRMRk kiRpa[nft variyarf`vrfkqf 'Ztiy knftr{p>ti (va[ti ptipfpkmf, ec[fA[), ~kiy N\lfkqi[f `FpfpAdyilf 'ZtpfpdfDqfq[.


kapfp<

enwfckf k[klf Lenkizfnf TRktf
twfctf tRqfc]f Mk{kf kiylfEcrf
ecwfecabf p<A[maAl cibnftidEv
pwfckf krvaA[ ptmf p]ivamf

ptmf piritftlf
enwfcmf k[ klfLmf enkizfnfT uRk
twfctfT `Rqf c]fMk{kfK ;ylf Ecrf
ecwfecalf p<A[ maAl cibnftidEv
pwfckf kr ~A[ ptmf p]ivamf.

ptmf PdfDtlf ---- padfFlf uqfqvaB

pt uAr
enwfcmf k[ klfLmf = m[mf '[pfpDmf k[tft ;qkat klfLmf. enkizfnfT uRk = ;qki uRKmfpF. twfctfT = `pymf '[fB t[fA[cf cr]f `AdnftvrfkQkfK. `Rqf = `Rqf palikfki[fb. c]fMk{kfK = c]fMkpf epRma{kfK uriytakiy. ;ylf Ecrf = ;ylf tmizi[f. ecwf ecalf p<A[ = ecvfviy ecalf mlralf p<A[ypfpdfd. maAl = ;pf pamaAlya[T. cibnftidEv = cibpfp<d[f ;pfp>lkilf viqgfKvtbfkak. pwfckf kr = _nfT krgfkAqy<Ady. ~A[ = vinaykYYMrftftiyi[f. ptmf = tiRvFkAq. p]ivamf = p]infT EpabfBEvamf.

CRkfk uAr
;qkat klfLmf ;qki uRKmfpF t[fA[cf cr]f '[fB `AdnftvrfkfK `Rqf palikfKmf c]fMkpf epRma[f `]iy<mfpF ~kfkpfpDmf ;pf pamaAl ulkilf cibnfT viqgfk Ev]fF vinaykpf epRmaA[pf p]iEvamak.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`.
enwfckf k[ klf....
m[mf k[ma[ klfLkfK opfpa[T. `tftAky m[mf enkiz Ev]fDem[fbalf ;Abv[f tiRvRqf Ev]fDmf.
(klfnarf uritfet[fA[ ya]fDeka]fda[f)----tiRvackmf (tiRpfp>vlfli) 13-9.
(klfAl em[fk[i yakfKmf vicfAceka]fD
'[fA[ ni[fkzbfK ;[fp[akfki[ayf) ----tiRvackmf (tiRcfctkmf) 5-94
(klfnarf uritft '[f m[f[a '[kfKnlf
krf]a mirftpfptmf tnftEkaEv )---tiRpfp<kzf ('[f[alfpibkfkv<mf)

~. c]fMk[f.....
~B K]gfkEq ~B Mkgfkqaktf tikZmf. ~B K]gfkqav[ - ` (o[fbaki), u (ud[aki), m(Evbaki), natmf, vinfT, kAl '[fp[.
knftA[Ey MZ Mtbf epaRqaktf Ttitft `R]kiri natrf, tmT N\li[f TvkfktftfiElEy `BMkpf epRma[i[f ttfTvpf epaR]fAmAytf etqiv<pDtfti viDki[fbarf. kapfp<pf pKtiyilf Pbpfpdfd ;Et kRtfAt ;Btiyilf uRvayf `Rvayf '[fB etadgfKmf _mfptfeta[fbamf padfFlf mI]fDmf vliy<BtfTki[fbarf.
("vrftmf paLmi[fbi 'lfAltIrf `mlbfKqfq
YMviR K]{mfEcyfkfK Mkgfkqayf vnftet[f[
p>viyilf cr]tft]f epayfAkyilf AvKmf_y[f
~vikdf kRQmabfbalf `BMkgf eka]fda[[fEb)--- knftp<ra]mf.
`lflT pir]vMmf, pwfcakfkrMmf Ecrfnft ~ebZtfT `v[f Mkgfkqf '[v<mf ekaqfqlamf.
(tark 'ZtfTmf carfepZtftwfCmf
var] Mkv[f mlEra[f tiRmalf
uRtfetqinftid nmf uREvyaKmf
~Bma MktfT `mrfnftTmf ;TEv
EvbiAley[fB emyfmfemazi ecpfpIrf)--- cibfbmfpl naFkqf.

;. twfctftRqf.... t[fA[tf twfcmak `AdnftvrfkQkfK `Rqf p<riy<mf c]fMk[f
('vfv<yirfkfKmf twfcem[ nibfKmf t[ipf epaRqayf)--- knftrf kli ev]fpa 6.
(`Adnftvrfkf kRQmf `pfpa Epabfbi)----tiRvackmf (Epabfbitf tiRvklf) 4-161.

:. pwfckf krvaA[ ptmf.....;nft `FAypf plvaB piritfTpf epaRqf ekaqfqlamf.
1. pwfckf kr ~A[ ptmf = _nfT tiRkfkrgfkAqy<mf yaA[ MktfAty<mf uAdyv[f patgfkqf
(_nfT krtftA[ yaA[ MktftA[)---- tiRmnftirm.f

2. pwfc `kfkr ~A[ ptmf = _nfT `dfcr vFva[ yaA[ Mktftv[f. `tavT pwfcaXrtfti[f YMlpf epaRqa[v[f. pir]vEm pwfcaXrmf.
(`krem[ `bivaki, ulkmf 'gfKmf `mrfnfT `kr, ukr, mkrgfkqf tmfmabf pkRemaR Mtlaki )-- (vinayk p<ra]mf)

(Ogfkarmamf _nfetZtftalf p<v[tfAt u]fD p]f]ipf pagfkayf ndtfTmf epaREq `k]fd prcivEm )---tay<ma[vrf (paypfp<li) 9.
3. pwfcmf = m[ ;RAq. krvaA[ ptmf = TAdpfpv[akiy vinayk[f patgfkqf.
pwfckf krva[f = m[ ;RAq ozipfpv{Ady. _ = `zkiy. ptmf = patgfkqf.

pdmf- 1. emyfpfepaRqf ttfTvmf

N\lf

1.
~Dmf priEvlf `]iEc vel[pf
paDmf p]iEy p]iya `Rqfvayf
EtDgf kyma MkA[cf ecRvibf
caDnf t[iyaA[ cEkatrE[

ptmf piritftlf
~Dmf pri Evlf `]i Ecvlf '[pf
paDmf p]iEy p]iya `Rqfvayf
EtDmf ky ma MkA[cf ecRvilf
caDmf t[i yaA[ cEkatrE[.

ptmf PdfDtlf---EtDmf ky maMkA[....... cEkatrE[. ~Dmfpri.....`Rqfvayf.

pt uAr
EtDmf ky ma MkA[ = (EpaArtf EtF vnft) yaA[yi[f epRtft MktfAtkf eka]fFRnft kj maMk VrA[. ecRvilf = Eparilf. caDmf = Emati `dkfkiy. t[i = opfpbfb. yaA[cf cEkatrE[= k]ptiyi[f tmfpiEy. ~Dmfpri = Ogfkar uRvilf t[T EtaAkAy viritfT ~Dmf u[f vak[makiy myiAltf (TtitfTmf). Evlf '[ = u[f tiRkfkrtfTpf pAdyakiy Evlay<ttfAttf (TtitfTmf). `]i = `zkiy. Ecvlf '[ = u[f ekaFyakiy EcvAltf (TtitfTm)f. paDmf p]iEy = paDki[fb eta]fEd. p]iya = na[f Embf eka]fd eta]fD ~KmfpF. `Rqfvayf= `Rqf tRvayf.

CRkfk uAr
ky ma MkA[ Emati `dkfkiy k]ptiyi[f tmfpiEy. u[T myilf, Evlf, Ecvlf ~kiyvbfAbpf paDmf eta]fFA[Ey na[f Embf ekaqfq `Rqf p<rivayak.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`. ~Dmf pri Evlf `]i Ecvlf......
myilf vinfAty<mf, Evlf wa[makiy kAlAyy<mf Ecvlf nattfAty<mf u]rftfTv[.
(nat vinfT klati nEmanm )---tiRpfp<kzf (natvinfT)
`R]kiriyarf ecalf, epaRqf '[fb ;r]fD vAkkqilf pir]vtfAt ;A]tftarf.

ecalflalf ;A]tftT - ~Dmf '[fb ecalflilf pir]vmf `dgfkiy<qfqT. ~ = `krmf `dgfkiy<qfqT. D (df+ u) = ukrmf. ;T odfFy<mf odfdamLmf uqfq ;A]pfp<. mf = Ogfkartfti[f YYM[f$mf 'ZtfAt `pfpFEy ecalfli vidfdarf. ;Abv[f o[fbiy<mf, ud[akiy<mf, Ev$kiy<mf nibfpT Epalpf pir]vtfti[f pKtikqf ~Dmf '[fb ecalfli[f pKtikEqaD ka]MFyatpF o[fbiy<mf, ud[ak ;A]nfTmf, etqivakkf ka}mfpF t[itfTmf nibfki[fb[. (ki.v, jk[f[at[f, tiRpfp<kzf `mirftmf, 17,306, 1955).

epaRqalf ;A]nftT - ~Dmf myilf t[i mnftirmakiy Ogfkartfti[f tiRv<Rv niAl eka]fdT. pir]vtfti[f niA[pfAp u]fdakfKmfpF knftrf `{p>tiyi[f ~rmfpmf ;Rkfki[fbT.

~. ky maMkA[kf k]pti `dkfkiyT...
kjMktf tv<]A[kf kFyaA[-- tiRpfp<kzf ( kriMkkfkd).
(AkEvz MktftvA[pf pAdtftarf EpaLmf
kyaCrA[ `v[abfekalf vitftarf EpaLmf )--- (tiRnav<kfkrcrf, Etvartf tiRMAb) 6-53-4.
MRk[f `R]kiri natRkfK vyL\rilf - myiAly<mf, EcvAly<mf, EvAly<mf AvtfTtf tiRpfp<kzf viRpfpMd[f paDti - '[fB `Rqf p<rinftT pi[f vRmf tiRpfp<kzfpf padlalf `biylamf.
(pkfkArvi citfrm]i epabfklA] yidfdnAd
pdfciey{ MkfrTr kMnIppf
pkfKvm lrftfetaAdy<mf `kfKvD pdfedaziy
pdfDRv vidfdRqfAk vFEvLmf
tikfkTm tikfkvR KkfKdMmf rAXtR......
ecyfpfptiy<mf AvtfTyrfti Rpfp<kzfvi RpfpemaD
ecpfep[' [kfkRqfAk mbEvE[) ---tiRpfp<kzf (pkfkArvi)


2 .
ulflac niraKl Eyak vitcf
clflap viEnat{ nI yAlEya
'lflamf`b '[fA[ ;znft nlmf
ecalflayf MRka Crp> ptiEy

ptmf piritftlf
ulflac niraKlmf Eyak vit
clflap viEnat{mf nI `AlEya
'lflamf `b '[fA[ ;znft nlmf
ecalflayf MRka Cr p> ptiEy

ptmf PdfDtlf ----MRka Cr p> ptiEy ulflac ................... ecalflayf

pt uAr
MRkE[, Cr p>ptiEy = MRkEvEq, Etvrfkqi[f `rEc, ulflacmf = m[kf kqipfp<. niraKlmf = klkfkmi[fAm. (;AvkQd[f PFy). Eyakvit = ']f vAk Eyak c[f marfkfk vzikqf cmfpnftma[. clflapmf = vi[a viAdpf EpcfCkqilf. viEnat{mf = :DpdfD mkizfcfciEyaD epaZT EpakfKpv{mf. nI `lflva = nI ta[f. 'lflamf `b = ckl pnftgfkQmf nIgfki oziy<mfpF. '[fA[ = ya[f, '[T '[pfpDmf `kgfkar mmkargfkqf. ;znft = ozinfT etaAly<mf. nlmf = Emla[ n[fAm niAlAy. ecalflayf = upEtcitftRQk.

CRkfk uAr
EtvrfkQkfKtf tAlvE[. ']f vAk Eyak c[fmarfkfk vzikAq ~rayfpv[f nI `lflva ? ya[f, '[T '[fb `kgfkar mmkargfkqf oziy '[kfK upEtcitfT `RQk.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`. ulflac...viEnat[f...
ulflacmf, niraKlmf, Eyakmf, ;tmf (;[iAm), clflapmf, viEnat[f ~kiy ~B K]gfkAqkf eka]fdv[f '[fBmf epaRqf ekaqfqlamf.

~. 'lflamf `b '[fA[ ;znft nlmf...
'lflamf '[fpT p<bpfpbfBmf (m]f, epa[f, ep]f '[fpvbfbilf ~Ac), `kpfpbfBmf (ya[f, '[T '[f{mf ;RAmkqf) nIgfKtlf.
(ecalfLAkkf kilfAl ey[feblflamf ;znfT Cmfma ;RkfKmf 'lfAl..) knftrf `lgfkarmf 10.
(ya[f'[T '[f{wf ecBkfkBpfpa[f vaE[arfkf
Kyrfnft ulkmf p<Kmf. (tiRkfKbqf)


3.
vaE[a p<[lfparf k[lfma RtEma
waE[a tyEma nvilfna[f mAbEya
yaE[a m[Ema 'A[ya]f d;dnf
taE[a epaRqa vTc]f MkE[

ptmf piritftlf
vaE[a p<[lf parf k[lf maRtEma
waE[atyEma nvilf na[f mAbEya
yaE[a m[Ema 'A[ ~]fd ;dmf
taE[a epaRqavT c]fMkE[.

ptmf PdfDtlf ---c]fMkE[, epaRqavT vaE[a.......... ;dnftaE[a.

pt uAr
epaRqavT = u]fAmpf epaRqf, nitftiypf epaRqf '[fB PBki[f$rfkEq `T. vaE[a = ~kayEma. p<[Ela = nIEra. parf = nilEma. k[Ela = enRpfEpa. maRtEma = kabfE$. wa[atyEma = wa[mf utymaKmf niAl taE[a. nvilf = ecalflpfpDki[fb. na[f mAbEya = na[fK EvtgfkEqa. yaE[a = na[f '[fB Pbki[fEbaEma, `TEva. m[Ema = m[mf '[pf pDvEta. 'A[ ~]fd ;dmf ta[a = '[fA[ ~]fdRqiy ;dmakiy tiRv]f]amAl ta[a ?

CRkfk uAr
c]fMkpf epRmaE[. emyfpfepaRqf '[fB ecalfLkibarfkEq `T nilEma, nIEra, tIEya, kabfEba, vi]fE]a, m[Ema, wa[mf uRvaKmf niAlEya, na[fK EvtgfkEqa, ya[f '[fki[fb ttfTvEma, `FEyA[ ~dfeka]fd ;dmakiy tiRv]f]amAlEya, `FEy{kfK `Rqf ecyfvIrak.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`. epaRqavT.....
epaRqf '[f[ '[fB ;gfK 'Zpfpiy vi[akfkQkfK, va[f `[fB, kalf `[fB, tI `[fB, nIrf `[fB, m]f `[fB, ta[[fB, na[[fB... '[ 'tirf mAbyak knftrf `lgfkarmf o[fptamf padfFlf Kbipfpidpf pDkibT. (...va[[fB, kal[fB, tIy[fB, nIr[fB, m]f}m[fB, ta[[fB, na[[fB).
epaRqf yaT '[fpAt `bivT ta[f epaRqf '[fB mbfebaR tiRpfp<kzilf u]rftfTkibarf. (`biAv ybivT epaReq[ `Rqiy epRmaEq)---tiRpfp<kzf (Kmr KRpr)


4.
vAqpdfd Akmf maetaD mkfk eq{nf
tAqpdf dziytf tKEma tKEma
kiAqpdf edZVrf urMgf kiriy<nf
etaAqpdf DRvtf etaDEv lvE[

ptmf piritftlf
vAqpdfd Akmf maetaD mkfkqf '{nf
tAq pdfD `ziytf tKEma tKEma
kiAq pdfD 'Z Vrf urMmf kiriy<mf
etaAq pdfD uRvtf etaD EvlvE[.

ptmf PdfDtlf ------kiAqpdfedZ ...EvlvE[, vAqpdfd .......tKEma.

pt uAr
kiAqpdfD 'Z = Cbfbtfti[rf Vzpf EpaRkfK 'Znft. Vrf urMmf = Vrptfp[T marfp<mf. kiriy<mf = `v{kfK `r]ayiRnft 'Zkiriy<mf. etaAqpdfD = etaAqpDmfpF. uRv = UDRvicf eclfl. etaD = ecLtftiy Evlay<tE[. vAqpdfd = vAqyAl `]inft. Ak maetaD = krgfkAqkf eka]fd mA[viEyaD. mkfkqf '{mf = KznfAtkqf '[fB ecalflpfpDmf. tAq = pnfttftilf. pdfdziy = `kpfpdfD na[f `zinfT Epatlf. tKEma tKEma = nItiEya, nItiEya. (`[fB '[fbpF).

CRkfk uAr
Vrptfm{Ady marfp<mf `v{Ady "Z mAlkQmf UDRvicf eclfLmfpF EvElcf ecLtftiyvE[. mA[, mkfkqf '[f{mf pactftilf na[f madfFkf eka]fD `zivT tKEma. `gfg[mf madfFkf ekaqfqamlf '[fA[kf katftRqfk.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`. AkmfmaetaD mkfkeq{mf tAq ....
mkfkqf '[fB Pbiytalf, mbfBMqfq Cbfbtftarf, epa[f, m]f ~kiyvbfbilf AvtfTqfq p<bpfpbfAby<mf KbikfKmf.
(mA[mkfkqf Cbfb em{maya
vAlAykfk dkfk `biyaEt)--- tiRpfp<kzf (mA[mkfkqf)
tAqpdfD `ziytf tKEma tKEma '[fB mkfkqf niAlAytf tmfmIT AvtfTkf Pbiy<qfqrarf `R]kiriyarf.

~. Vrf urMgf kiriy<mf----
Vrf ~]vtfAty<mf, kiri maAyAyy<mf KbikfKmf. '[f ~]vtfAty<mf maAycf VzAly<mf nIkfkkf Pdata '[fpT epaRqf. ;gfK kiri (mAl) '[fpT Vr ptfm{Ady 'ZkiriAykf KbikfKmf. kierqwfc mAlAy `[fB. tark{Ady maAykfK utviyak ;RnftT kierqwfc kiriyaKmf.
(cMtftir EmZgf Klkfkiri EyZwf
cqpfpd mav<nf t[ivIztf)---tiRpfp<kzf (epRkfkv<pay) (ma = ma mr vFvak ni[fb Vr[f)
(mA[vi tayf tnfAt mkfkqf mbfB uq Cbfbmf '[f{mf
viA[y<qf viZnfT `Znfti EvtA[kfK ;dmf ~kaEt)---tiRnav<kfkrcrf (Etvartf tiRMAb) 4-71-1.


5.
mkma AykAqnf tidvlf lpira[f
Mkma Bemazinf Temazinf tilE[
`kma Admdnf Atyrf'[f byRwf
ckma Ayy<qfni[f Btygf KvEt

ptmf piritftlf
mkmaAy kAqnftid vlfl pira[ff
Mkmf ~Bmf emazinfTmf ozinfT ;lE[
`kmf maAd mdnfAtyrf '[fB `yRmf
ck maAyy<qf ni[fB tygfKvEt

ptmf PdfDtlf ---mkmaAy......emazinfTmf, `kmf maAd.......tygfKvT ozinftilE[.

pt uAr
mk maAy = vliAmyilf mikfk mikpf epriy maAykAq 'lflamf. kAqnftid vlfl = nIkfk vlfl. pira[f = ~BMkpf epRma{Ady. Mkmf ~B = ~B tiRMkgfkAqy<mf. emazinfTmf = '[f nava[T ~BMkmf, ~BMkmf '[fB `FkfkF Pbi vnfTmf. `kmf = vID. maAd = epa[f. mdnfAtyrf '[fB = matrfkqf ;Av tAm niA[nfT. `yRmf = Ecarfv< `Adycf ecyfki[fb. ck maAyy<qf = ulkmf '[f{mf maAyy<qf. ni[fB tygfKvT = epaRnfti mygfKvT. ozinftilE[ = vidfD vilkpf epbfEb[f ;lfAlEy.

CRkfk uAr
vliAm mikfk maAykAq nIkfk vlfl ~BMkpf epRmaE[, na[f `FkfkF ~BMkmf '[fB Pbi vnfTmf, na[f '{mf ~]vMmf, epa[f, ep]f ~Ackqilf klgfKvAty<mf vidfD vilkpf epbfEb[f ;lfAl. '[fE[ maAyyi[f v[fAm.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`.
mkmaAy kAqnftid.....
ulk maAy mikv<mf vlflAm vayfnftT.
(.....`nvr tMMbfb m]ima MAlEtayf
klviyi [lmbfp Ckma ki{ma
`Npv miTcbfBmf vidEva ;yla tiylaEt)--- tiRpfp<kzf (uAmey{)

~. emazinfT ozinftilE[...
~BMkmf '[fB ecpitftalf mdfDmf EpataT. m[Mmf MZAmyak o[fB pd Ev]fDmf.
(`mRmf pti Ekqf `kmamf '{mipf pirmmf ekd emyfpf epaRqf Epciyva)--- knftrf `{p>ti - 8
(pve[{mf nammf piFtfTtf tirinfTp[f [aqAztftalf
;v[f '[fA[pf p[f[aqf `Azpfepazi yae[[ ebtirfpfpDEm)--- tiRnav<kfkrcrf (Etvartf tiRMAb) 4-112-9.

;. `kmaAd mdnfAtyrf....
;AvEy ya[f, '[T, '[fB `yrfv< trkf PFy ulk mAyAykqf.


6.
ti]iya [mEna ciAlmI T[taqf
`]iyarf `rvinftmf `Rmfp<mEta
p]iya '[ vqfqi ptmf p]iy<nf
t]iya `tiEmak tya prE[

ptmf piritftlf
ti]iya[ mEna ciAl mIT u[ taqf
`]i ~rf `rvinftmf `Rmfp<mEta
p]iya '[ vqfqi ptmf p]iy<mf
t]iya `ti Emak tya prE[.

ptmf PdfDtlf ---p]iya '[...tyaprE[, ti]iya[...`Rmfp<mEta.

pt uAr
p]iya '[ = '[kfK ;Dmf kdfdAq '[Eva '[fB vi[vi. vqfqi ptmf p]iy<mf = vqfqiyi[f pattftilf viZnfT v]gfKmf. t]iya = KAbv<pdat. `tiEmak tyaprE[ = mikfk katlf eka]fDqfq kRA]kf kdEl. ti]iya[ = kF[ma[. mEna ciAl mIT= '[T enwfcmakiy klfli[f mIT. u[taqf = u[f tiRvF '[f{mf. `]i ~rf = `zK nirmfpiy. `rvinftmf = tamAr. `Rmfp<mEta = `Rmfp<vidfD mlREma.

CRkfk uAr
vqfqiyi[f patgfkqilf viZnfT v]gfKmf kRA] YMrftftiEy. '[f m[makiy klfli[f mIT u[T tiRvF '[f{mf tamAr `Rmfp< vidfD mlREma.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`. ti]iya mEna ciAl.....
'[f{Ady klflakiy (ciAl) m[ti[f mIT '[fB mI]fDmf kapfp<cf ecyfy<qilf PbiyT Epalf m[At enkizcf ecyfy Ev]fDmf '[kf PbpfpdfDqfqT.

~. vqfqi ptmf p]iy<mf......
vqfqi nayki MRk{Ady `RQkfkak `riy tvgfkAqcf ecyftvrf. Kbvrf mkqakiy vqfqi naykikfK ;rgfki MRk[f `vrf patgfkAqtf etaZtarf '[fpT, `vrf 'qiyarfkfK 'qiy[f '{mf epRnftAkAykf Kbikfki[fbT.
(~Acpfpdf Ed[lf kavlfecyf EvFcfcikfkak mamy lakipf epabfpatEm p]i knftEvEq)--- tiRpfp<kzf (vacitfTkf kae]a)
(mZviy KRpr[f v[cri pty<k kwfcmfv
]gfKmf pakfyk tmfp[f kR]akr[f )---civElak vKpfp< 18-6.
;Abv[f vqfqiAypf p]inftT `v{Ady `qvbfb kRA]Aykf Kbikfki[fbT '[fpT tyaprE[ '[fb ecalflaLmf viqgfKmf.
vqfqiyi[f patgfkAq mdfDmi[fbi, MRk[f `v{Ady `Rqf Ev]fF m[mf uRkpf p<lmfp<mf `Fyarfkqf 'vrayi{mf `vrfkqf M[fE[ pAdy<d[f Eta[fbi "vlf p<rivarf '[fpAtkf kIzfkfk]fd nkfkIr Etvrf `FkqaLmf `biylamf.
(oRMR ka'[fb[f uqfqgf Kqir uvnfTdE[
vRMR ka'[fB vayfevR vanibfpkf AkyigffgE[
tRMR ka '[fB ta[fp<lmfpa nibfptf AtylfM[fE[
tiRMR kabfBpf pAdy<d E[vRwf EcvkE[)---nkfkIrrf (t[ipfpadlf)


7.
ekDvayf m[E[ ktiEkqf krva
tiDvayf vFEvlf ;Abtaqf niA[vayf
CDvayf enDEv tA[T\qf pdEv
viDvayf viDvayf viA[ya Avy<Em

ptmf piritftlf
ekDvayf m[E[ kti Ekqf krvaT
;Dvayf vFEvlf ;Ab taqf niA[vayf
CDvayf enD EvtA[ T\qf pdEv
viDvayf viDvayf viA[ yaAvy<Em.

ptmf PdfDtlff----m[E[ ekDvayf kti Ekqf.... niA[vayf, enD EvtA[....CDvayf.

pt uAr
m[E[ ekDvayf = " m[Em, nI ekdfedaziy nibfki[f$yf. kti Ekqf = nI nbfkti epRmf vziAykf PBki[fEb[f Ekdfpayak. krvaT ;Dvayf= uqfqtftilf oqitftlf ;lflamlf ta[mf ecyfvayak. vFEvlf = Priy EvAl "nftiy. ;Ab = kdv<qa[ MRkEvqi[f. taqf = tiRvFkAq. niA[vayf = tiya[ipfpayak. enD EvtA[ = etadrfnfT vRmf pibvitf T[fpmf. T\qfpdEv CDvayf = T\qfpdfD oziycf CdfD 'ripfpayf. viA[ yaAvy<Em viDvayf viDvayf = viA[kqf 'lfla vbfbi[i[fBmf viArvilf nicfcymak viDtAl epBvayf.

CRkfk uAr
m[Em, nI "[f ekdfedaziy nibfki[fbayf? uqfqtftilf oqitftlf ;lflamlf ta[mf ecyfk. `gfg[mf ecyftalf etadrfnfT vRmf pibvitf T[fptftilinfT viDpDvayf. viA[kqiliRnfTmf viDtAl epBvayf.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`. krvatiDvayf .....uqfqtftilf oqikfkamlf ta[mf ecyfvEt viA[kqiliRnfT viDpDvtbfK ubfb upaymf '[fB upEtcikfkpf pDki[fbT.
(krvaDmf v[fenwfcrfkfK `riyaA[)---tiRnav<kfkrcrf (Etvartf tiRMAb) 4-7-1.

~. ;Dvayf.....ta[mf ;DmfEpaTmf ;AbvA[kf Kbitft cinftA[y<mf Ev]fDmf.
(prvpf pDva[f prmA[ "tftarf
;rvlrfkfK :tAlyayi{mf :yarf...
nrktftilf nibfbiEra)----- tiRmnftirmf 264.


8.
`mRmf ptiEkqf `kmamf '{mipf
pimrgf ekdemyfpf epaRqfEp ciyva
Kmr[f kirira cKma rimk[f
cmrmf epaRta [vna ckE[

ptmf piritftlf
`mRmf pti Ekqf `kmamf '{mf ;pf
pimrmf ekd emyfpf epaRqf Epciyva
Kmr[f kiri rac Kmari mk[f
cmrmf epaR ta[vrf nackE[

ptmf PdfDtlf ------Kmr[f .......nack[f ..........`mRmf pti Epciyva

pt uAr
Kmr[f = Kmar YMrftfti. kiri racKmari mk[f = ;my mAl `rc[i[f mkqf ~kiy parfvtiyi[f mk[f. cmrmf epaR = Eparf p<rinft. ta[vrf nack = `CrrfkAq vtmf ecyftv[akiy MRkEvqf. `mRmf pti = vcikfKmf Urf. Ekqf = ubvi[rf. `kmf = vID (`lflT ya[f). ~mf '{mf = '[fB ecalflpfpDki[fb. ;pfpimrmf = ;nft mykfk `biv<. ekd = ozinfT EpaKmf pF. emyfpf epaRqf = u]fAmpf epaRAq. Epciyva = '[kfK upEtcitftT vinfAtyak ;Rkfki[fbT.

CRkfk uAr
;mv[f mkqakiy parfvti epbfb mk[a[ MRk Evqf, na[f vcikfKmf Urf, ubvi[rf, na[f '[f{mf `knfAt ~kiy mykfk `biv< ekd u]fAmpf epaRAq '[kfK upEtcmf ecyftT ~cfcriymak ;Rkfki[fbT.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`. emyfpf epaRqf Epciyva....MRkEvqf upEtcmf ecyftv<d[f `kmf, Ekqf '[fb ;mfmykfkmf nIgfki ozinftT. emyfpfepaRqf '[fb ecalf na[fK MAbkqf knftrf `{p>tiyilf trpfpdfDqfqT (padlf 8,11,20,45)

~. pti Ekqf `kmamf '{mf......
`kpfpbfB, p<bpfpbfB ~kiy maAykAqkf KbikfKmf.
(Urfepbfb tayfCbfb may<bfb taqfpbfbi
EyatbfK nIcbfB M]rfvaEy)---tiRpfp<kzf (EtaDbfb)
(pbfbbfb k]fE] pibpfpBkfKmf mbfB
niAlyaAm ka]pfpDmf)--- tiRkfKbqf.


9.
mdfYDrfKzlfmgf AkyrfAm ylfvAlpf
pdfYDclf pDmfpriec[f e$ziEv[f
tdfYDdb Evlfcyiltf etbiy<
nidfYD rnira Klnirfpf pyE[

ptmf piritftlf
mdfD Urf Kzlf mgfAkyrf Amylf vAlpf
pdfD Uclf pDmf priC '[fB oziEv[f
cyiltfTtf tdfD UD `b Evlf 'biy<mf
nidfYDr niraKl nirfpf pyE[

ptmf PdfDtlf----cyiltfTtf tdfYDr...... nirfpfpyE[. mdfYDrf...'[febaziEv[f.

pt uAr
cyiltfTtf tdfD UD `b = kierqwfc kiriyi[f mIT `t[f nDvidmf 'lflavbfbiLmf UDRvicf eclfLmfpF. Evlf 'biy<mf = Evlay<ttfAt ecLtftiy. nidfYDr = kDAm vayfnftvE[. niraKl = klkfkmf `bfbvE[. nirfpfpyE[ = pymf `bfbvE[. mdfD Urf = vacA[ kmZki[fb. Kzlf= PnftAl uAdy. mgfAkyrf = viAl matrf. Amylf vAl = Emak vAlyilf. pdfD = `kpfpdfD. Uclf pDmf = (uqfq mabfbmf) `Alcfclf `Ady<mf. priC = t[fAmAy. '[fB oziEv[f = 'kfkaltftilf na[f vidfD nimfmti `AdEv[f.

CRkfk uAr
kirierqwfc mAl epaF pd EvAlcf ecLtftiy kDAm vayfnftvE[. vacA[ vICmf PnftAl uAdy viAl matrff Emak vAlyilf cikfki uqfqmf `AlvAt '[fB na[f vidfD nimfmti `AdEv[f.

viqkfkkf Kbipfp<kqf
`. Kzlf mgfAkyrf Amylf vAl....
mgfAkyrf epaT mkqiArkf Kbikfki[fbT. Epakmf m[itA[kf ekDkfki[fbT. Eyakmf m[itA[ uyrf niAlkfK 'DtfTcf eclfLmf.
(epayfeylfla emyfey[fB
p<]rfMAlyarf EpaktfEt
AmyLbkf kdEvA[
maqaEm katftRqitf
Atylidgf eka]fdpira[f
b[fkzEl EcRmfv]f]
Amye[[kf kRqiyva
barfepBva rcfEcaEv) ---tiRvackmf (`cfEca ptikmf 51-3.)

~. nidfYDr, niraKl, nirfpfpy[f......
;nft YM[fB ecabfebadrfkQmf m[itA[pf pbffbiy<qfq ~]vmf, k[fmmf, maAy ~kiy MmfmlgfkAqy<mf knft[f `zikfk vlflv[f '[fpAtkf KbikfKmf.

;. UclfpDm fpriC '[fB oziEv[f.....
m[it uqfqmf pl ulk ;[fpgfkqilf uz[fB tiriy<mf t[fAm uAdyT '[fpAttf tiRnav<kfkrcRmf pi[f vRmf `Fkqalf viqkfki uqfqarf.
(uB kyiB Uclf Epal o[fB vidfD o[fB pbfbi
mB kyiB Uclf Epal vnfTvnfT ulv<mf, enwfcmf
epB kyiB Uclf Epalpf piAb p<lfK cAdyayf, pattfT
`B kyiB Uclf ~E[[f, `tiAkvIrdfd[IEr)--- tiRnav<kfkrcrf (Etvartf tiRMAb) 4-26-6.

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